Speech Chapter 5
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Define group discussion.
Interpersonal communication involving three or more people with a common purpose; the meeting of three or more people to solve a common problem, arrive at a decision, or answer a question of mutual interest.
Describe the main purpose of any group discussion.
- Solve a common problem
- Arrive at a decision
- Answer a question of mutual interest.
Name two ways to classify group discussions.
Name five forms of discussion groups.
- 1. Committee
- 2. Table Discussion
- 3. Panel
- 4. Symposium
- 5. Panel-forum or symposium-forum
Name three personal goals that may interfere with a productive group discussion.
- 1. Leadership
- 2. Need for acceptance
- 3. Group cohesiveness
A separate, tightly knit group within a larger group.
Name six factors that affect group discussions.
- 1. Size of the group
- 2. Cliques within a group
- 3. Personal goals of members
- 4. Physical environments
- 5. Seating arrangements
- 6. Time for discussions
A uniting or sticking together; group spirit; morale.
Name two important aspects of group behavior.
- 1. The relationship between the group task and group maintenance.
- 2. Life cycle of groups.
Define task messages.
Communication designed primarily to help a group achieve goals or complete tasks.
Define maintenance messages.
Communication designed to create a positive climate by keeping relationships in a group harmonious.
Name the four stages in the life cycle of discussion groups.
- 1. Forming
- 2. Storming
- 3. Norming
- 4. Performing
Name five parts to preparing to participate in a group.
- 1. Choose a topic
- 2. Decide what type of question to discuss
- 3. Word the question carefully
- 4. Prepare the outline
- 5. Research the topic
Name the three types of questions a group might discuss.
- 1. Questions of fact.
- 2. Questions of value.
- 3. Questions of policy.
As soon as a question is chosen, someone needs to narrow it down by wording it in ________, _____________, and ____________ language.
clear, concise, and unbiased
In wording a discussion question, the most important thing to remember is that it should ____ ____________ _____ ___ _______________.
be worded as a question
The personality of a group as a whole.
Name two types of leadership roles.
- 1. appointed leader
- 2. emergent leader
Name five parts to handling conflict in groups.
- 1. Identify the warrants of the opposition.
- 2. Explain the warrants of your position.
- 3. Respect your opponents interests.
- 4. Work for a reasonable solution
- 5. maintain dialogue.
Name four outcomes of discussion.
- 1. consensus
- 2. compromise
- 3. majority vote
- 4. false consensus
Name two alternatives to group discussion.
- 1. Brainstorming
- 2. Nominal technique.
Define nominal technique.
A form of decision making sometimes substituted for group discussion that involves listing, discussing, voting, and ranking of possible solutions.
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