Toddler Growth and Development

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  1. What is the leading cause of death in infants younger than 1 year
    Congenital Anomalies
  2. Family is always considered the ___ in the child's life
    CONSTANT
  3. Toddler stage is considered:
    12-36 months

    Terrible Twos
  4. Play for a toddler is primarily:
    parallel
  5. Toddler age is associated with:
    intense period of exploration, temper tantrums, and obstinate behavior
  6. Weight gain for toddler:
    slows to 4-6 lbs per year
  7. Weight of toddler:
    Should be quadrupled by 2 1/2 years
  8. Height of a toddler:
    increases about 3 inches/year

    (growth is step like rather than linear)
  9. Sensory changes of toddler:
    Visual acuity of 20/40 is acceptable

    Hearing, smell, taste, and touch increase (give a child the medicine that tastes the worst LAST so they are more likely to take the rest of the medications)

    *
    they use all senses to explore the environment
  10. MOST physiologic systems relatively mature by ____
    the end of toddlerhood
  11. Common infections with toddlers:
    Upper respiratory tract infections

    Otitis media

    Tonsillitis

    (all new things for body to fight off...their bodies don't have much immunity built up)
  12. Sphincter control typically occurs:
    • 18-24 months
    • (stool control before urinary control)
  13. Locomotion of toddler:
    walking and moving around rapidly

    improved coordination (2-3 years)
  14. Fine motor development of toddler:
    Improved manual dexterity (right/left handed): 12-15 months

    Throws ball- 18 months

    Blocks, Babies, Push toys, Puzzles
  15. Psychosocial development of toddler:
    Autonomy- "I I I, Me Me Me"

    Negativism "NO!"
  16. ___ provides a sense of comfort to a toddler:
    Ritualization
  17. For a mom having a difficult time getting her toddler dressed, suggest:
    pull up pants -- gives child sense of autonomy
  18. Cognitive development of Toddler:
    Sensorimotor and Preconceptual (they are beginning to think past the obvious)

    Object Permanence

    Memory improves and behavior becomes deliberate

    Awareness of causal relationships between 2 events (too much candy = tummy ache)

    Learns spacial relationships (triangle = 3 sides)

    Animism-- spider man is real; falling down the stairs means the stairs actually hurt them
  19. We need to be careful what we do/say around toddlers because:
    Domestic Mimicry / Imitation of behaviors
  20. Socialization / social development of Toddler:
    begin socializing with significant others (siblings/friends)...play is mostly parallel though

    *differentiation of self from mother and from significant others (day care)...individuation!
  21. Development of Body Image for Toddler:
    Refer to body parts by NAME

    Avoid negative labels about physical appearance

    Recognize sexual differences by age 2 years
  22. Development of Sexuality in toddlers:
    Exploration of genitalia is common

    Gender roles understood by toddler

    Playing house
  23. Language for Toddler:
    By 18 months = 10 words (2 word combos)

    Points to objects on command

    By 24 months = 300 word vocabulary (2-3 word phrases..understands pronouns and initiate toilet needs)

    By 30 months= plurals, colors, etc...
  24. Assessing Readiness for Toilet Training:
    • Voluntary Sphincter Control
    • Ability to stay dry for 2 hours
    • Fine motor skills to remove clothing
    • Willingness to please parents
    • Curiosity about adults or siblings toilet habits
    • Impatience with wet/soiled diapers
  25. Phenomenon of physiologic anorexia:
    natural process where toddlers don't need as many calories that they needed when they were really young; not as much of an appetite
  26. Sleeping habits for toddler:
    most sleep through the night and take naps during the day...make them at least have "quiet time"
  27. Dental health for toddler:
    Allow toddler to practice, but make sure you clean thoroughly after/during

    A little bit of toothpaste

    Fluoride

    Regular Dental visits
  28. The biggest thing to remember about toddlers to prevent injury:
    They don't transfer memory over very well yet...they will likely do things that hurt them over and over (ie: electrical outlet)

Card Set Information

Author:
NurseFaith
ID:
294350
Filename:
Toddler Growth and Development
Updated:
2015-01-31 01:28:40
Tags:
Toddler Growth Development
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Description:
Toddler GD
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