School Age Health Promotion

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School Age Health Promotion
2015-01-30 21:09:20
School age health promotion

School Age Health Promotion
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  1. School age range:
    6-12 years
  2. Weight increase of school age child:
    2-3 kilograms/ year
  3. Height increase for School Age kid:
    2 inches/year
  4. Maturation of Systems in school age child:
    Bladder capacity increases

    Heart is smaller in relation to rest of body

    Immune system is increasingly effective

    Bones increase in ossification

    Physical maturity is not correlated with emotional/social maturity
  5. 2 years preceding puberty

    (9-12 years....girls about 2 years earlier than boys)

    Puberty 12-14 years
  6. Psychosocial Development of School age kid:
    Same-Sex peers! (cooties!)

    LATENCY period
  7. According to Erikson, school age kids:
    are Developing a Sense of Industry

    -Eager to develop skills and participate in meaningful and socially useful work

    -Acquires sense of personal and interpersonal competence

    -Growing sense of independence

    -Peer approval is strong motivator
  8. School age children may struggle with:

    (from self or social environment... may occur if incapable or unprepared to assume the responsibilities associated with developing sense of accomplishment....all children feel some degree of inferiority regarding skills they cannot master)

    "you're too little; you look so pretty today"
  9. Cognitive development of school age child:
    Concrete operations (develop understanding of relationships between things and ideas; able to make judgments based on reason)
  10. Moral development of the School Age Child:
    Conscience and Moral Standards

    Reward/Punishment guides choices

    Rules/Judgments become more founded on the needs and desires of others
  11. Spiritual development of the school age child:
    Usually what family believes...

    • Concrete terms
    • Expect punishment for misbehavior
    • View illness as punishment for misdeed
  12. Social development of school age child:
    • Importance of peer group
    • Identification with peers is strong influence
    • Sex roles are strongly influenced by peer relationships

    *bullying and gangs!
  13. Relationships with Families in School-Age children:
    Parents are the primary influence in shaping child's personality, behavior, and value system

    Increasing independence from parents is the primary goal of middle childhood

    Children are not ready to abandon parental control
  14. PLAY of school-age children
    Physical skill, intellectual ability, and fantasy

    Groups, Cliques, Clubs, Secret Societies


    Team play

    Quiet games/Activities (card games, video games, tic tac toe)

    Ego mastery
  15. Conscious awareness of a variety of self-perceptions (abilities, values, appearances)
    Self Concept
  16. Development of Self-Concept
    *Importance of significant adults in shaping child's self-concept

    Positive self-concept leads to feelings of self-respect, self-confidence, and happiness
  17. Nutrition of School Age Child:
    Balanced diet to promote growth

    Quality of diet related to family's pattern of eating

    Quality of dietary choices in school cafeteria

    "Fast Food" concerns....
  18. Average amount of sleep at night for school age child
    9 1/2 hours (highly individualized)

    • ...may resist going to bed at 8-11 years old
    • ...children 12 and older generally become less resistant
  19. Exercise for school age children
    • Sports
    • Acquisition of Skills
    • Generally like competition