ChapterFour - General Terms.txt

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ChapterFour - General Terms.txt
2015-01-31 08:38:39


Chapter 4 - General Terms
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  1. Anatomy
    The study of body structure.
  2. Structure
    The identification of body components and their locations relative to one another.
  3. Physiology
    The study of the nature of living things.
  4. Homeostasis
    Maintaining internal stability
  5. Cell
    The most basic form of life in the body
  6. Tissues
    A combination of similar cells that combine to form a generalized function.
  7. Organs
    Structures composed of two or more different types of tissues that forms a certain shape and performs a general function.
  8. System
    A group of organs sharing a common function
  9. Disease
    A state of the body in which homeostasis has faltered due to any cause
  10. Pathology
    The study of disease.
  11. Symptoms
    Experiences of the patient resulting from a disease.
  12. Sign
    A finding that can be discovered by an objective examination.
  13. Acute
    Describes a disease of short duration, often with a sharp or severe effect
  14. Chronic
    Term used to describe diseases that are of long duration.
  15. Diagnosis
    Following an examination, an identification of a disease.
  16. Infection
    A disease caused by parasitic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
  17. Trauma
    A physical injury
  18. Prognosis
    A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease.
  19. Diagnostic Imaging
    A noninvasive procedure using instrumentation that seeks to establish a diagnosis by observing body structure and/or function.
  20. Endoscopy
    A diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a device that can be inserted into the body orifices; a camera at one end enables a health professional to observe interior body spaces.
  21. CT Scan (Computed Tomography)
    A procedure that involves the use of a computer to interpret a series of images and construct from them a three-dimensional view of the brain.
  22. PET Scan (Positron Emission Tomography)
    A noninvasive procedure that provides blood flow images using positron emission tomography techniques combined with radioactive isotope labeling.
  23. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
    A diagnostic imaging procedure that uses magnetics and computer enhancement to reveal details of internal structure and function
  24. Ultrasound Imaging or Sonography
    A diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a receiver and computer enhancement to detect sound waves as they echo from body structures.