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what are the 5 AVA's within the North Coast of California?
- Los Carneros
Name 4 sub appellations of Napa that are famous
- stags leap
- atlas peak
- howell mountain
Name the 11 appellations of Washington
- walla walla
- columbia valley
- columbia gorge
- snipes mountain
- horse heaven hills
- lake chelan
- pudget sound
- wahulke slope
- red mountain
if I am close to a large body of water that moderates my temperature, I have warm summers and cool winters what climate am I?
If I am diurnal, having hot summers and cold winters what climate am i?
If I have hot summers, cool to warm dry winters what climate am i?
what month do vines begin to go into lignancy (dormancy)?
what months do the main prunings happen?
January and February
what months do fruit set and growth happen?
When does verasion and green harvest happen?
when does harvest take place?
yeast + sugar = ______
alcohol + CO2+ Heat
What is the difference between a cross and a hybrid?
- cross is same species (lubrusca + lubrusca)
- Hybrid is different species (lubrusca + Vinifera)
the united states wine production is ranked ___ in the world.
who regulates AVA's?
TTB (alcohol tobacco and trade bureau)
Name some sub AVA's of Sonoma
- Russian River Valley
- Dry Creek Valley
What is Mendocino in CA known for
Sparkling Wine (and a little chardony and pinot noir due to cooler climate)
Who are the two most famous Zinfandel sub ava's in CA
Lodi (in central valley) and Amador (in sierra foothills)
what are the 4 ava's in NY?
- Finger Lakes
- Lake Erie
- Long Island
- Hudson River Valley
what are the 4 primary grapes grown in Willamette Valley
- pinot noir
- pinot gris
what are the 8 ava's of OR and which 3 are shared with WA
- north willamette
- south willamette
- walla walla (wa)
- columbia valley (wa)
- columbia gorge (wa)
what are the 4 DVA's of british columbia
- vancouver island
what is the climate of germany
what are the 5 quality levels of german wine
- QMP =Pradikat
- QBA (may chapetalize)
- Fafelwein (regular or deuscher)
what is sekt (germany)
what is trokken and habtrokken
- trokken= dry
- habtrokken= half try
what are the 7 anbaugebeites of germany
what is the mossel known for
reislings especially those with edelfaule
what is edelfaule
what three german anbaugebeites are known for liefraumilch
what are the three sundial vineyards in the mossel
what are the 6 QMP catagories?
- Auslese (gold kapsel and long gold kapsel)
- BA (edelfaule)
- TBA (edelfaule)
what is the international name for spatburger
what are the three german names for pinot gris
what is the international name for weisbergunder
what climate is Austria
what are the 4 regions of austria
- Lower Austria (most productive)
what are the 4 sub regions of lower austria
what are the 2 sub regions of burgenland
- suisedlersee hugeland
what are the two most predominant varietals of austria
- white = gruner veltlinger
- red = zweigelt (cross of blaufrankisch and st laurent)
what are the quality/ripeness levels in austia
- *strowein (dried grapes, no botristus)
what is the region in france that produces chenin blanc
which of these four is not from Champagne?
blanc de blanc
?The wines from chablis are mostly comprised of which grape?
what is the grape variety common in these wines:
pouilly fume, sancerre
what is the most common variety in Naintais?
which of these regions grow Pinot NOir:
All of them
what grape varietals are the Grand Cru vineyards of alsace known for?
Riesling, Gwverstramenier, muscat, pinot gris
what grape varietal is most common in eastern loire (red and white)?
Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Noir
Name 4 AOC's in Beaujolais
- Moulin a Vent
what are the 2 most common varietals in Burgundy?
what are the 6 main regions of Burgundy
- Cotes de Nuit
- Cotes du Beaune
in reference to france what are the grapes in these wines?
Muscadet sevre et maine
- Vouvray= Chenin Blanc
- Muscadet sevre et maine= Melon de Bourgogne
- Chinon = Cab Franc
in reference to france what are the grapes in these wines/areas?
- Fleurie= Gamay
- Meursault =Chardonny
- Gevrey Chambertin= Pinot Noir
what is the order of classified growths in Burgundy
- grand cru
- premier cru
what are the steps of the traditional method?
- hand harvest
- whole cluster press
- liquore de triage (sugar + yeast)
- store in caves on the lees
- repcap and store
name the monopole that is the most expensive wine in the world and where it is located (district and region)?
Domaine de Romanee-Conti; it is its own AOC in Vosgne-Romanee and its in the Cote de Nuit
Name the 2 sweet terms in Alsace and their differences and attributes
- SGN (selection de grains nobel) fuzziest most botrysized prick. must be made sweet and 50% botrizised
- VT (vines de tardive) second round of fuzzy grapes, can be made sweet or dry.
what climate is bordeaux?
what are the grapes of the left bank of bordeaux
what are the grapes of the right bank of bordeaux
what are the four important areas of the left bank
- st estephe
- st julien
what are the 2 important areas of the right bank of bordeaux
what are the white varietals of bordeaux
- sav blanc
- ugni blanc
name the 5 premier grand crus classes (bordeaux)
- margaux (margaux)
- haut brion (graves)
- laffite (pauillac)
- latour (pauillac)
- mouton rothschild (pauillac)
name the climate of the Rhone
what are the grapes of northern rhone
What are the AOCs of northern Rhone
- Cote Rotie (Syrah)
- Condrieu (viogner)
- Chateau Grillet (viogner)
- Hermitage (syrah, marsanne & rousanne)
Name the grapes of southern Rhone
name the AOC's of the southern Rhone
- Chateau denauff Pope
- Beaumes de venise (often times vin de natural)
- Rasteau (often times syrah vin de natural)
- Cotes du Rhone
- Tavel (always pink wine)
where is bandol and what is it made of
Provence and 50% mourvedre
what is Banyuls and where is it found?
late harvest (vin-daux-natuaral) grenache in the langudoc
What is the region in portugal responsible for vinho verde?
what are the aging laws in Rioja for Craniza, Reserva, and Grand Reserva?
- 1 oak, 1 bottle
- 1 oak, 2 bottle
- 2 oak, 3 botttle
what is the predominant varietal in the priorat region
what is the largest viticultural area in spain
what are spanish wines known for
long aging in barrels
in spain what are simple non oak aged wines called
tinto joven or Sin Crianza
what is the region in spain known for verdejo?
what is the region in portugal known for port
In portugal most table wines are made from what grape
what variety is most common in Rias Baixas
By law Rioja can blend what four grapes
Penedes is known for what style of wine
what are the 7 regions of spain
- Ribera del Duero
- Rias Baixas
- La Mancha
what is the largest region in france for Vin De Pays?
what are the 10 AOC's of italy
What is the grape of Piemonte and what are the wines they make out of it
- Nebbiolo is the grape
- Barolo (3/5) and barbaresca (2/4) are the wines
What are the grapes of Veneto and what wines do they make out of them
- Corvina, Rhodinella, and molinara are the grapes
- Valapolicella, Amarone, and Ripasso the wines
what grape is Soave made of
What is recioto
late harvest/dried grapes
what is the most prominent grape in tuscany and what wines do they make
- wines= Chianti, classico, vino noble di montepulcino, brunello di montalcino(4/5)
what is the grape/wine in Campania
taurasi is the wine from the Aglianico grapes
what is the grape in basilicata?
Aglianico de vulture
what is the grape/wine in puglia?
salice salento is made from negro amaro grape
what is the wine in abruzzo
what is the grape/wine in umbria
Orvietto made from procanico/trebiano
what is the grape in Sicily
what are the grapes of sardinia
cannonau (garnacha) and vermentino
what are the 4 viticultural areas of North Island NZ
- wellington- martinburough
name the 4 viticultural areas of South Island NZ
- central otago
what grapes are grown on the North Island of NZ
Bordeaux varietal and chardonny (with the exception of wellingham which is sav blanc and pinot noir)
what are the grapes grown in the south island of NZ
sav blanc, pinot noir, reisling
what is the climate of NZ?
what is the climate of australia
what are the 4 states of Austrailia
- Western Australia
- South Australia
- New south Wales
what are the 2 areas you should remember is Western Austrailia
what area of austrailia is the most productive?
what are the 4 sub areas to be remembered in south austrailia
- Clare Valley
what are the 3 places you should remember in Victoria (AU)
- Rutherglen and glenrowen (for stickies)
- Yara Vallley
what are the grapes of Australia
- Mataro (mourvedre)
- Semmillion (hunter valley)
- Chardonny (margret river)
name the 4 sub regions of New South Wales (AU)
- Hunter Valley
what are the 3 regions of loire
- anjou-samour/ touraine
- Central Vineyards
where are the following located: Pouilly fume and sancerre
Central Vineyards, Loire (and they are both sauvignon blanc)
what grapes is Vouvray
what are the 6 regions of Burgundy?
- Chablis (chardonny)
- Cotes de Nuit (pinot Noir)
- Cotes de Beaune (Chard)
- Cote Chalonnaise
- Beaujolais (gamay)
name 4 grand cru of Beaujulais
what is the difference between Pouilly Fuisse and Pouilly Fume?
- Pouilly Fuisse = Villages in the Macon (Burgundy)
- Pouilly Fume= name for Sauvingnon Blanc in the Loire
Where is Geverey-Chambertan
Cotes de Nuit, Burgundy
if you were to purchase a Chinnon what would you be drinking
where is Banyuls
What are the Regions of Portugal
- Vinho Verde
- Douro (port)
Name the 2 regions of Chile
what are the 4 sub regions of the Central Valley (chile)
Name the predominant grapes of Chile
- Sauvingnonaise (sav blanc)
- Bordeaux Varitals
- Pais (mission)
what Labeling law does chile follow
- (varietal, region, vintage)
what is the climate of chile
what is the climate of argentina
what percentage of Argentina's grapes are lost to hail
what are the 5 grape growing regions of Argentina
- Mendoza (70% of production)
- San Antonion
- La Rioja (famentina valley)
- San Jaun
what are the predominant grapes of Medoza
what are the 3 areas to remember in South Africa
- Stellen Bosch
what are the laeling laws in S. Africa
- (vintage, variety, region)
what is the international name for Steen (S. Africa)
what is the international name for Hanepoot (S. Africa)
Muscat of Alexandria
what is pinotage a cross between
Pinot Noir and Cinsault
what are the regions of S. Africa
- bredde river valley
- coastal region
- klein daroo
- northern cape
- olifants river
what is saunternes/barsac made of
- Sauvingnon blanc
what is only premier cru superieur for sweet wines
what are puttonyos and where/what are they used in
are measurements or residual sugar in wines, they are used in Hungary for Tokaji
what are the Levels of Takji styles
- Tokaji Szamorodni (Tokaji as it comes)
- Tokaji Aszu (noble rot)
- Tokaji eszencia (best years of aszu)
- Eszencia (free run of Aszu)
what part of spain in sherry made in
what is a difference between sherry and port
Sherry is fermented to dryness port is fortified
what are the 3 types of sherry
- Fino (biological aging)
- Amontillado (biological aging)
- Oloroso (oxidative aging)
what are the 2 styles of port
- Ruby (bottle aged)
- Tawny(wood aged)