Rad Review Easy Radiology Protection 2

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  1. During an intravenous urogram (IVU), the RPO position is used to demonstrate the

    1. left kidney parallel to the IR

    2. right kidney parallel to the IR

    3. right kidney perpendicular to the IR





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 2 only 


    D
     
    1 and 3 only
    D
  2. When a radiographer is obtaining a patient history, both subjective and objective data should be obtained. An example of subjective data is that



    A
     
    the patient appears to have a productive cough. 


    B
     
    the patient has a blood pressure of 130/95 mm Hg. 


    C
     
    the patient states that she experiences extreme pain in the upright position. 


    D
     
    the patient has a palpable mass in the right upper quadrant of the left breast.
    C
  3. To visualize or “open” the right sacroiliac joint, the patient is positioned



    A
     
    30 to 40 degrees LPO 


    B
     
    30 to 40 degrees RPO 


    C
     
    25 to 30 degrees LPO 


    D
     
    25 to 30 degrees RPO.
    C
  4. Recommended method(s) of minimizing motion unsharpness include

    1. suspended respiration

    2. short exposure time

    3. patient instruction





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    D
  5. Sterile technique is required when contrast agents are administered



    A
     
    rectally. 


    B
     
    orally. 


    C
     
    intrathecally. 


    D
     
    through a nasogastric tube.
    C
  6. An increase in exposure factors usually is required in which of the following circumstances?

    1. Edema

    2. Ascites

    3. Acromegaly





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    D
  7. Stochastic effects of radiation include



    A
     
    blood changes 


    B
     
    genetic alterations 


    C
     
    cataractogenesis 


    D
     
    reduced fertility
    B
  8. The decision as to whether to deliver ionic or nonionic contrast medium should include a preliminary patient history including, but not limited to

    1. patient age.

    2. history of respiratory disease.

    3. history of cardiac disease.





    A
     
    1 and 2 


    B
     
    1 and 3 


    C
     
    2 and 3 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    D
  9. Which of the following statements is (are) true with respect to radiation safety in fluoroscopy?

    1. Tabletop radiation intensity must not exceed 2.1 R/min/mA.

    2. Tabletop radiation intensity must not exceed 10 R/min.

    3. In high-level fluoroscopy, tabletop intensity up to 20 R/min is permitted.





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    D
  10. An optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter contains which of the following detectors?



    A
     
    Gadolinium 


    B
     
    Aluminum oxide 


    C
     
    Lithium fluoride 


    D
     
    Photographic film
    B
  11. Which of the following types of adult tissues is (are) relatively insensitive to radiation exposure?















    1. Muscle tissue
    2. Nerve tissue
    3. Epithelial tissue





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    B
  12. Rapid onset of severe respiratory or cardiovascular symptoms after ingestion or injection of a drug, vaccine, contrast agent, or food or after an insect bite best describes



    A
     
    asthma 


    B
     
    anaphylaxis 


    C
     
    myocardial infarction 


    D
     
    rhinitis
    B
  13. What is the minimum requirement for lead aprons, according to 21 CFR?



    A
     
    0.05 mm Pb 


    B
     
    0.50 mm Pb 


    C
     
    0.25 mm Pb 


    D
     
    1.0 mm Pb
    C
  14. When a patient with an arm injury needs help in undressing, the radiographer should



    A
     
    remove clothing from the injured arm first. 


    B
     
    remove clothing from the uninjured arm first. 


    C
     
    always remove clothing from the left arm first. 


    D
     
    always cut clothing away from the injured extremity.
    B
  15. The radiograph shown in the figure below is an example of
    Image Upload 1
    From the American College of Radiology Learning File. Courtesy of the ACR.




    A
     
    linear tomography. 


    B
     
    computed tomography (CT). 


    C
     
    grid cutoff. 


    D
     
    poor screen-film contact.
    A
  16. Recorded detail is directly related to

    1. SID.

    2. tube current.

    3. focal-spot size.





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    A
  17. Drugs that may be used to prolong blood clotting time include

    1. heparin

    2. diphenhydramine (Benadryl)

    3. lidocaine





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    A
  18. The photoelectric effect is more likely to occur with

    1. absorbers having a high Z number

    2. high-energy incident photons

    3. positive contrast media





    A
     
    1 and 2 only 


    B
     
    1 and 3 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    B
  19. Gonadal shielding should be provided for male patients in which of the following examinations?

    1. Femur

    2. Abdomen

    3. Pelvis





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    D
  20. Radiographs from a particular single-phase, full-wave-rectified x-ray unit were overexposed, using known correct exposures. A spinning-top test was performed at 200 mA, 0.05 s, and 70 kVp, and 8 dots were visualized on the finished film. Which of the following is indicated?



    A
     
    The 0.05-s time station is inaccurate. 


    B
     
    The 200-mA station is inaccurate. 


    C
     
    A rectifier is not functioning. 


    D
     
    The processor needs servicing.
    A
  21. The effect that differential absorption has on radiographic contrast of a high-subject-contrast part can be minimized by

    1. using a compensating filter.

    2. using high-kilovoltage exposure factors.

    3. increased collimation.





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    B
  22. Factors that contribute to film fog include

    1. the age of the film

    2. excessive exposure to safelight

    3. processor chemistry





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    D
  23. What is the appropriate action if a patient has signed consent for a procedure but, once on the radiographic table, refuses the procedure?



    A
     
    Proceed—the consent form is signed. 


    B
     
    Send the patient back to his or her room. 


    C
     
    Honor the patient's request and proceed with the next patient. 


    D
     
    Immediately stop the procedure and inform the radiologist and the referring physician of the patient's request.
    D
  24. In her studies on death and dying, Dr. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross described the first stage of the grieving process as



    A
     
    denial. 


    B
     
    anger. 


    C
     
    bargaining. 


    D
     
    depression.
    A
  25. The photoelectric effect is an interaction between an x-ray photon and



    A
     
    an inner-shell electron 


    B
     
    an outer-shell electron 


    C
     
    a nucleus 


    D
     
    another photon
    A
  26. Diseases whose mode of transmission is through the air include

    1. TB.

    2. mumps.

    3. rubella.





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    D
  27. In myelography, the contrast medium generally is injected into the



    A
     
    cisterna magna. 


    B
     
    individual intervertebral disks. 


    C
     
    subarachnoid space between the first and second vertebrae. 


    D
     
    subarachnoid space between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae.
    D
  28. A technique chart should include which of the following information?

    1. Recommended SID

    2. Grid ratio

    3. Screen–film combination





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    D
  29. In the anterior oblique position of the cervical spine, the structures best seen are the



    A
     
    intervertebral foramina nearest the IR 


    B
     
    intervertebral foramina furthest from the IR 


    C
     
    interarticular joints 


    D
     
    intervertebral joints
    A
  30. Which of the following is (are) acceptable way(s) to monitor the radiation exposure of those who are occupationally employed?

    1. TLD

    2. OSL dosimeter

    3. Quarterly blood cell count





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    B
  31. The voltage ripple associated with a three-phase, six-pulse rectified generator is about



    A
     
    100% 


    B
     
    32% 


    C
     
    13% 


    D
     
    3%
    C
  32. Which of the following procedures requires that the patient be placed in the lithotomy position?



    A
     
    Myelography 


    B
     
    Venography 


    C
     
    T-tube cholangiography 


    D
     
    Hysterosalpingography
    D
  33. All of the following device(s) are generally used to help reduce patient dose,except

    1. grid

    2. collimator

    3. gonad shield





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    A
  34. What should you do if you discover while taking patient history that the patient scheduled for an intravenous urogram (IVU) takes metformin hydrochloride daily?















    1. Proceed with the examination if kidney function is normal.
    2. Instruct the patient to withhold the metformin for 48 hours after the examination.
    3. Reschedule the examination until the patient has been off metformin for 48 hours.





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    C
  35. Occupational exposure received by the radiographer is mostly from



    A
     
    Compton scatter 


    B
     
    the photoelectric effect 


    C
     
    coherent scatter 


    D
     
    pair production
    A
  36. A signed consent form is necessary prior to performing all the following procedures except



    A
     
    myelogram. 


    B
     
    cardiac catheterization. 


    C
     
    upper GI series. 


    D
     
    interventional vascular procedure.
    C
  37. The radiation dose to an individual depends on which of the following?

    1. Type of tissue interaction(s)

    2. Quantity of radiation

    3. Biologic differences





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    D
  38. A particular milliampere-seconds value, regardless of the combination of milliamperes and time, will reproduce the same radiographic density. This is a statement of the



    A
     
    line-focus principle 


    B
     
    inverse-square law 


    C
     
    reciprocity law 


    D
     
    law of conservation of energy
    B
  39. Which of the following statements is (are) true regarding Figure 2–30?

    1. The image was made in the LAO position.

    2. The CR should enter more inferiorly.

    3. The sternum is projected onto the left side of the thorax.



    Image Upload 2


    Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology.





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    C
  40. In an AP abdomen taken at 105-cm SID during an IV urography series, one renal shadow measures 9 cm in width. If the OID is 18 cm, what is the actual width of the kidney?



    A
     
    5 cm 


    B
     
    7.5 cm 


    C
     
    11 cm 


    D
     
    18 cm
    B
  41. Which of the following tissues is (are) considered to be particularly radiosensitive?

    1. Intestinal mucous membrane

    2. Epidermis of extremities

    3. Optic nerves





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    A
  42. All the following statements regarding beam restriction are true except



    A
     
    beam restriction improves contrast resolution 


    B
     
    beam restriction improves spatial resolution 


    C
     
    field size should never exceed IR dimensions 


    D
     
    beam restriction reduces patient dose
    B
  43. A film emulsion having wide latitude is likely to exhibit



    A
     
    high density 


    B
     
    low density 


    C
     
    high contrast 


    D
     
    low contrast
    D
  44. Maslow's hierarchy of basic human needs includes which of the following?

    1. Self-esteem

    2. Love and belongingness

    3. Death with dignity





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    B
  45. In what order should the following examinations be scheduled?

    1. Upper GI

    2. Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)

    3. Barium enema (BE)





    A
     
    3, 1, 2 


    B
     
    1, 3, 2 


    C
     
    2, 1, 3 


    D
     
    2, 3, 1
    D
  46. Accidental injection of medication or contrast medium into tissues around a vein is termed



    A
     
    extravasation. 


    B
     
    hematoma. 


    C
     
    venipuncture. 


    D
     
    collateral circulation.
    A
  47. Which interaction between x-ray photons and matter involves partial transfer of the incident photon energy to the involved atom?



    A
     
    Photoelectric effect 


    B
     
    Compton scattering 


    C
     
    Coherent scattering 


    D
     
    Pair production
    B
  48. A dose of 25 rad to the fetus during the seventh or eighth week of pregnancy is likely to cause which of the following?



    A
     
    Spontaneous abortion 


    B
     
    Skeletal anomalies 


    C
     
    Neurologic anomalies 


    D
     
    Organogenesis
    C
  49. The number 1 in the radiograph in Figure A represents which of the following renal structures?
    Image Upload 3
    Figure A. Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology.




    A
     
    Vesicoureteral junction 


    B
     
    Renal pelvis 


    C
     
    Minor calyx 


    D
     
    Major calyx
    B
Author:
McCrae
ID:
294495
Card Set:
Rad Review Easy Radiology Protection 2
Updated:
2015-02-01 08:24:13
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Rad Review Easy Radiology Protection
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