Card Set Information
Chapters 16-19, 22, 23
Wave-like smooth muscle contractionsthat move foodstuffs through the alimentary tube.
Chemical or mechanical process of breaking down foodstuffs to substances that can be absorbed.
Enzymatic breakdown of any type of food molecule.
Process by which the products of digestion pass through the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract into the blood or lymph.
Food is contained in the gastrointestinal tract from the time of ingestion until it is completely digested and the waste prepared for elimination?
Some of the microbes that often invade other organs of the body are rarely found in the stomach. The reason for this is the presence of HC1?
Kuppfer cells are found in the liver and are responsible for removing bacteria and worn out cells?
The cell type of the wall of the large intestine, excluding anal cells, is very different from that of the small intestines?
Pepsinogen is the precursor to the gastric enzyme for protein digestion and is secreted by the parietal cells?
The main chemical activity of the stomach is to begin the digestion of proteins?
The function of the enzyme salivary amylase is to begin digesting proteins?
Chemical digestion of lipids is initiated in the mouth?
Dentin anchors the tooth in place?
Peyer's patches are found in the submucosa of the distal end of the small intestine?
The digestive function of the liver is to produce bile?
The pancreas has both an endocrine and an exocrine function?
Mumps is an inflation of the parotid glands caused by myxovirus?
Fats significantly delay the emptying of the stomach?
The soft palate rises reflexively to open the nasopharynx when we swallow food?
The intrinsic ability of visceral smooth muscle to exhibit the stress-relaxation response is termed plasticity?
The pharyngeal-esophageal phase of swallowing is involuntary and is controlled by the swallowing center in the thalamus and lower pons?
Another term for swallowing is deglutition?
Most nutrients are absorbed through the mucosa of the intestinal villi by active transport?
Ionic iron is actively transported into the mucosal cells, where it binds to the protein ferritin, a phenomenon called the mucosal iron barrier?
Nucleus has two lobes; contains granules of lysosomal enzymes; functions in attacking parasitic worms.
Nucleus is multilobed; functions as phagocyte; contains fine indistinct granules.
contains a U- or an S-shaped nucleus; granules stain very dark; releases histamine and heparin.
Largest of the WBC's; crucial in defense against viruses; associated with chronic infections.
Main contributor to osmotic pressure.
Antibodies released by plasma cells during immune response.
Forms fibrin thread of blood clot.
Transport proteins that bind to lipids, metal ions, and fat-soluble vitamins.
Alpha and Beta globulins
Cancerous condition involving white blood cells.
Condition in which blood has abnormally low oxygen-carrying capacity.
Abnormal excess of erythrocytes resulting in an increase in blood viscosity.
Free-floating thrombus in the bloodstream.
The primary source of RBC's in the adult human being is the bone marrow in the shafts of the long bones?
Leukemia refers to cancerous conditions of white blood cells?
The immediate response to blood vessel injury is clotting?
The process of fibrinolysis disposes of bacteria when healing has occured?
The RBC "graveyard" is the liver?
Hemorrhagic anemias result from blood loss?
White blood cells are produced through the action of colony-stimulating factors?
Hemoglobin is made up of the protein heme and the red pigment globin?
Each heme contains an atom of iron and can transport one molecule of oxygen?
Each hemeglobin molecule can transport two molecules of oxygen?
Diapedesis is the process by which red blood cells move into tissue spaces from the interior of blood capillaries?
Positive chemotaxis is a feedback system that signals leukocyte migration into damaged areas?
A condition of leukocytosis indicates over 11,000 white blood cells per cubic millimeter in the blood?
Basophils increase in number when parasitic invasion occurs?
Leukopenia is an abnormally low number of leukocytes?
A person with type B blood could recieve blood from a person with either type B or type O blood?
Leukocytes move through the circulatory system by amoeboid motion?
Granulocytes called neutrophils are phagocytic and are the most numerous of all WBC types?
All lymphocytes are leukocytes, but not all leukocytes are lymphocytes?
Myelocytic leukemia involves a cancerous condition of lymphocytes?