Human Anatomy Chapter 6 Cartilage and Bone

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dahotstuff30
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294564
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Human Anatomy Chapter 6 Cartilage and Bone
Updated:
2015-02-01 22:14:52
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growth bone epiphyseal ossification
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Human anatomy
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Human Anatomy McKinley Chapter 6 Cartilage and Bone
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  1. Functions of cartilage include which of the following?

    A)supporting soft tissues
    B)providing a gliding surface at articulations
    C)providing a model for the formation of most bones
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  2. Which selection correctly pairs the type of cartilage with one of its locations in the body?

    A)hyaline cartilage, trachea
    B)elastic cartilage, menisci
    C)hyaline cartilage, epiglottis
    D)fibrocartilage, epiphyseal plates
    A)hyaline cartilage, trachea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Fibrocartilage is found in which of these structures?

    A)auricle of the ear and external auditory canal
    B)intervertebral discs and pubic symphysis
    C)larynx and articular surfaces of bones
    D)all of the above
    B)intervertebral discs and pubic symphysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Functions of bone include all of the following except

    A)support and protection
    B)production of blood cells
    C)storage of mineral and energy reserves
    D)transport of materials
    D)transport of materials
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Hemopoiesis is the process of

    A)entrapment of blood vessels by developing bone
    B)bone formation
    C)cartilage formation
    D)blood cell production
    D)blood cell production
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. ____________ ossification produces the flat bones of the skull, some of the facial bones, the mandible, and the central part of the clavicle.

    A)endochondral
    B)intramembranous
    C)neither a nor b
    D)both a and b
    B)intramembranous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Through the process of endochondral ossification, a fetal ____________ model transforms into bone.

    A)elastic cartilage
    B)fibrocartilage
    C)hyaline cartilage
    D)mesenchyme
    C)hyaline cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which bone cells secrete osteoid (the initial semisolid form of bone matrix)?

    A)osteoprogenitor cells
    B)osteoclasts
    C)osteoblasts
    D)osteocytes
    C)osteoblasts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following are components of compact bone, but not of an osteon?

    A)osteocytes, lacunae, and canaliculi
    B)central canal and concentric lamellae
    C)perforating canals and circumferential lamellae
    D)all of the above are parts of an osteon
    C)perforating canals and circumferential lamellae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. At each end of a long bone is an expanded, knobby region called the

    A)metaphysis
    B)head
    C)epiphysis
    D)diaphysis
    C)epiphysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Long bones such as the humerus have solid external walls of ____________ bone, with ____________ bone found primarily within the epiphyses.

    A)spongy, compact
    B)compact, spongy
    C)diploë, circumferential
    D)none of the above
    B)compact, spongy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following does not accurately describe spongy bone?

    A)contains slightly larger osteons than compact bone
    B)composed of parallel lamellae with osteocytes in between
    C)forms an open meshwork of narrow plates called trabeculae
    D)provides great resistance to stresses applied in many directions
    A)contains slightly larger osteons than compact bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Yellow bone marrow contains a large proportion of

    A)elastic fibers
    B)fibroblasts
    C)reticulocytes
    D)fatty tissue
    D)fatty tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The endosteum

    A)covers all internal surfaces of a bone, such as the medullary cavity
    B)is active during bone growth, repair, and remodeling
    C)is an incomplete cellular membrane
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  15. All of the following occur during appositional bone growth except

    A)osteoclasts expand the medullary cavity by resorbing bone matrix
    B)osteoblasts in the periosteum lay down layers of bone matrix
    C)the bone widens as the number of circumferential lamellae increases
    D)growth occurs primarily in the cartilage of the epiphyseal plates
    D)growth occurs primarily in the cartilage of the epiphyseal plates
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. As with cartilage growth, a long bone’s growth in length is called

    A)osteoid deposition
    B)appositional growth
    C)interstitial growth
    D)none of the above
    C)interstitial growth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Interstitial growth of a bone occurs in the

    A)center of the shaft
    B)epiphyseal plate
    C)diaphyseal line
    D)articular cartilage
    B)epiphyseal plate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. A typical bone has which of the following major sets of blood vessels?

    A)nutrient, metaphyseal, and periosteal
    B)Haversian, Volkmann’s, and connecting
    C)epiphyseal, metaphyseal, and diaphyseal
    D)primary, secondary, and tertiary
    A)nutrient, metaphyseal, and periosteal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following is a thyroid gland hormone that encourages calcium deposition from blood into bone and inhibits osteoclast activity?

    A)calcitonin
    B)thyroid hormone
    C)growth hormone
    D)somatomedin
    A)calcitonin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Stimulated by sex hormones, bone growth accelerates dramatically at the time of

    A)primary ossification
    B)secondary ossification
    C)puberty
    D)birth
    C)puberty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Dietary factors necessary for normal bone growth include

    A)vitamins B, E, and calcitonin
    B)neither a nor b
    C)vitamins A, C, and D
    D)both a and b
    C)vitamins A, C, and D
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. ____________ produce new bone, while ____________ resorb bone.

    A)osteoclasts, osteoblasts
    B)osteoclasts, osteocytes
    C)osteocytes, osteoblasts
    D)osteoblasts, osteoclasts
    D)osteoblasts, osteoclasts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Bone remodeling normally involves which of the following?

    A)changes in bone architecture and the skeleton’s total mineral deposits
    B)activity at both the periosteal and endosteal surfaces of a bone
    C)continual deposition and removal of bone tissue
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  24. Aging affects bone tissue in which of the following ways?

    A)tensile strength decreases and bones become brittle
    B)bones demineralize and become thinner and weaker
    C)both of the above
    D)neither of the above
    C)both of the above
  25. What is broken in a Colles fracture?

    A)neck of the femur
    B)distal end of the radius
    C)surgical neck of the humerus
    D)proximal end of the ulna
    B)distal end of the radius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Tiny, seed-shaped bones along the tendons of some muscles are classified as

    A)flat bones
    B)short bones
    C)both b and c
    D)sesamoid bones
    C)both b and c
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. A typical example of a long bone is the

    A)sternum
    B)tibia
    C)ethmoid
    D)patella
    B)tibia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Vertebrae are classified as
    A)irregular bones
    B)flat bones
    C)short bones
    D)long bones
    A)irregular bones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. In flat bones of the skull, a region of ____________ is sandwiched between two layers of compact bone.

    A)periosteum
    B)both b and c
    C)spongy bone
    D)yellow bone marrow
    C)spongy bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Sensory nerves innervate which parts of a bone?
    A)the periosteum and endosteum
    B)neither a nor b
    C)the bone matrix and marrow cavity
    D)both a and b
    D)both a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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