Surgery: Chapter 1

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Kristenw
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294659
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Surgery: Chapter 1
Updated:
2015-02-02 19:46:54
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Surgery chapter 1
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  1. Derived from greek word anaisthesia and means without feeling, insensibility, loss of sensation
    Anesthesia
  2. Implies anesthesia with the patient completely asleep and the nervous system affected
    General anesthesia
  3. Unconsciousness with adequate analgesia and muscle relaxation to allow surgical manipulation without struggling or pain perception by the patient. (asleep, analgesia AND muscle relaxation.)
    Surgical anesthesia
  4. Loss of sensitivity to pain
    Analgesia
  5. Drug induced state of calm in patient who is reluctant to move and is aware but unconcerned of its surroundings
    Tranquilization
  6. Patient is awake and calm. CNS depression  and drowsiness with mild analgesia.
    Sedation
  7. Drug-induced sleeplike state that impairs the ability of the patient to respond to stimuli
    Hypnosis
  8. Drug-induced sleep from which the patient is not easily aroused and most often associated with the administration of narcotics
    Narcosis
  9. Loss of sensation in a small area of the body produced by administration of a local anesthetic
    Local anesthesia
  10. Loss of sensation of a localized area produced by administration of a local anesthetic directly to a body surface
    Topical anesthesia
  11. Loss of sensation to a section of the body, produced by a nerve block or infiltration.
    Regional anesthesia
  12. Stage 1
    Pre-narcosis
  13. Stage 2
    Narcosis
  14. Stage 3
    Surgical anesthesia
  15. Stage 4
    Respiratory paralysis
  16. Used to provide pain control of the rear quarters and pelvic region
    Epidural anesthesia
  17. Administration of multiple drugs concurrently in smaller quantities than would be required if each were given alone to produce a variety of effects
    Balanced anesthesia
  18. Ratio of the toxic to the therapeutic dose of a drug used to measure relative safety
    Therapeutic index
  19. Drug with wide therapeutic index
    Much more of drug required to intoxicate patient than is required to treat it; safer
  20. Drug with narrow therapeutic index
    Toxic and therapeutic doses are similar
  21. Involuntary rigidity with analgesia, amnesia, and immobility. CNS is stimulated not depressed
    Catalepsy
  22. Sedation and analgesia with opioid agent and tranquilizer in combination.
    Neuroleptanalgesia

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