Surgery: Chapter 1
Card Set Information
Surgery: Chapter 1
Surgery chapter 1
Derived from greek word anaisthesia and means without feeling, insensibility, loss of sensation
Implies anesthesia with the patient completely asleep and the nervous system affected
Unconsciousness with adequate analgesia and muscle relaxation to allow surgical manipulation without struggling or pain perception by the patient. (asleep, analgesia AND muscle relaxation.)
Loss of sensitivity to pain
Drug induced state of calm in patient who is reluctant to move and is aware but unconcerned of its surroundings
Patient is awake and calm. CNS depression and drowsiness with mild analgesia.
Drug-induced sleeplike state that impairs the ability of the patient to respond to stimuli
Drug-induced sleep from which the patient is not easily aroused and most often associated with the administration of narcotics
Loss of sensation in a small area of the body produced by administration of a local anesthetic
Loss of sensation of a localized area produced by administration of a local anesthetic directly to a body surface
Loss of sensation to a section of the body, produced by a nerve block or infiltration.
Used to provide pain control of the rear quarters and pelvic region
Administration of multiple drugs concurrently in smaller quantities than would be required if each were given alone to produce a variety of effects
Ratio of the toxic to the therapeutic dose of a drug used to measure relative safety
Drug with wide therapeutic index
Much more of drug required to intoxicate patient than is required to treat it; safer
Drug with narrow therapeutic index
Toxic and therapeutic doses are similar
Involuntary rigidity with analgesia, amnesia, and immobility. CNS is stimulated not depressed
Sedation and analgesia with opioid agent and tranquilizer in combination.