anth2

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Author:
rislala
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294675
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anth2
Updated:
2015-02-02 22:47:35
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2nd
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mon2
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  1. 4 sub anthropology
    cultural anth, biological anth, linguistic anth, forensic anth
  2. plural marriage or more than one woman/wife
    polygyny
  3. father of American anthropology
    Franz Boas
  4. cultural knowledge informs
    behavior
  5. what distinguish human culture from other culture?
    • 1. symbols- meaningful shared beliefs
    • 2.┬ácapacity- create solutions/ influence condition
  6. what is culture
    culture is all that people in a given society have and all that they do
  7. culture involves
    ideas, values, beliefs, behaviors shared by members of a society that help interpret and generate behavior
  8. main components of culture
    • material-physical products, incorporate non-material
    • Non-material
    • -cognitive
    • -behavioral
  9. affect ways people think or perceive . attitude, beliefs, norms, rules, values
    non material-cognitive
  10. things people do
    full cognitive
    tradition and ritual
    non-material-behavioral
  11. produce behaviors within range, consider acceptable and appropriate
    culture
  12. five basic characteristics of culture
    • culture is learned
    • is symbolic
    • is shared
    • is integrated
    • is change
  13. process that replicate culture, new patterns emerge, integrated into common culture
    enculturation process (culture is learned)
  14. human assign significance, shared meaning
    symbol
  15. example of symbol
    our flag, uncle sam
  16. create cultural memory
    norms, symbols, values
  17. allows society to function
    predictability of behavior
  18. culture can condition....
    thoughts and perceptions but does not determine them
  19. mutually dependent
    change in one brings change in others-not always in sync
    Pressure for change
    cultural system
  20. all areas that can adapt by culture
    • physical
    • behavioral
    • psychological
    • social
  21. is culture static or dynamic?
    it is dynamic
  22. new ways of thinking and behaving arise
    innovation
  23. example of adopting technology, not necessary values
    cultural diffusion
  24. pluralistic society
    many subculture like US
  25. vocal chords, lips, tongue, mouth and neural center in brain
    intricate coordination
  26. example of nonverbal communication
    smiling, laughing
  27. structure of language
    levi-strauss
  28. human share cognitive structure
    • organize ideas similarity
    • categorized world
    • binary opposites (hot/cold)
    • coherent patterns
  29. examines the relationships of language, thought and culture
    sapir-whorf

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