Medical Terminology Quiz #3

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Medical Terminology Quiz #3
2015-02-03 00:38:58
Medical Terminology Chrisson

Medical Term Quiz 3
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  1. fat (combing verb)
    adip/o, lip/o, steat/o
  2. skin (combing verb)
    derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o
  3. red (combing verb)
  4. sweat (combing verb)
  5. tissue (combing verb)
    hist/o, histi/o
  6. hard (combing verb)
  7. white (combing verb)
  8. black (combing verb)
  9. fungus (combing verb)
  10. nail (combing verb)
  11. formation (combing verb)
  12. purple (combing verb)
  13. hard (combing verb)
  14. sebum (oil) (combing verb)
  15. scale (combing verb)
  16. hair (combing verb)
  17. yellow (combing verb)
  18. dry (combing verb)
  19. AIDS
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  20. BCC
    basal cell carcinoma
  21. Bx
  22. C&S
    culture and sensitivity
  23. FS
    frozen section
  24. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  25. HSV-1
    herpes simplex virus type 1
  26. HSV-2
    herpes simplex virus type 2
  27. I&D
    incision and drainage
  28. SCC
    squamous cell carcinoma
  29. SLE
    systemic lupus erythematosus
  30. inflammation of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin, evidenced by comedones (blackhead), pustules, or nodules on the skin
  31. a hereditary condition characterized by a partial or total lack of melanin pigment (particularly in the eyes, skin, and hair)
  32. injury to body tissue caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, radiation, or gases
  33. a burn involving only the epidermis; characterized by erythema (redness) and hyperesthesia (excessive sensation)
    first-degree burn
  34. a burn involving the epidermis and dermis; characterized by erythema, hyperesthesia, and vesications (blisters)
    second-degree burn
  35. a burn involving all layers of the skin; characterized by the destruction of the epidermis and dermis, with damage or destruction of subcutaneous tissue
    third degree burn
  36. inflammation of the skin characterized by erythema, pruritus (itching), and various lesions
  37. any disorder of the skin
  38. an eruption of the skin caused by a viral disease
    exanthematous viral disease
  39. reddish; German measles
  40. reddish; 14-day measles
  41. a tiny spot; chickenpox
  42. to boil out; often used interchangeably with dermatitis to denote a skin condition characterized by the appearance of inflamed, swollen papules and vesicles that crust and scale, often with sensations of itching and burning
  43. boil; a painful nodule formed in the skin by inflammation originating in a hair follicle; caused by staphylococcosis
  44. a skin infection consisting of clusters of furuncles
  45. a localized collection of pus in a cavity formed by the inflammation of surrounding tissues, which heal when drained or excised
  46. an eating sore; death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply
  47. transient viral vesicles that infect the facial area especially the mouth and nose
    herpes simplex virus type 1
  48. sexually transmitted, ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
    herpes simplex virus type 2
  49. a viral disease affecting the peripheral nerves characterized by painful blisters that spread over the skin following affected nerves, usually unilateral; also known as shingles
    herpes zoster
  50. a highly contagious, bacterial skin inflammation marked by pustules that rupture and become crusted, most often around the mouth and nostrils
  51. thickened areas of epidermis
  52. localized thickening of the skin caused by excessive exposure to sunlight, a known precursor to cancer
    actinic (or solar) keratoses
  53. benign, wart-like tumors; more common on elderly skin
    seborrheic keratoses
  54. a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of various parts of the body
  55. limited to the skin; evidenced by a characteristic rash, especially on the face, neck, and scalp
    cutaneous lupus
  56. a more severe form of lupus involving the skin, joints, and often vital organs
    systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  57. malignant cutaneous neoplasm
    skin cancer
  58. malignant tumor of the squamous epithelium
    squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
  59. malignant tumor of the basal layer of the epidermis; the most common type of skin cancer
    basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
  60. malignant tumor composed of melanocytes
    malignant melanoma
  61. malignant tumor of the walls of the blood vessels, appearing as painless, dark bluish-purple plaques on the skin; often spreads to the lymph nodes and internal organs; commonly seen in patients with HIV/AIDS
    Kaposi sarcoma
  62. inflammation of the fingernail or toenail
  63. inflammation of the nail fold
  64. infestation with lice that causes itching and dermatitis
  65. head lice
    pediculosis capitis
  66. lice that generally infect the pubic region and sometimes also hair of the axilla, eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, or other hairy body surfaces; also called crabs
    pediculosis pubis
  67. itching; a chronic, recurrent skin disease marked by silvery scales covering red patches, papules, and/or plaques on the skin that result from overproduction and thickening of skin cells; common sites of involvement are the elbows, knees, genitals, arms, legs, scalp, and nails
  68. a contagious disease caused by a parasite (mite) that invades the skin, causing an intense itch, most often at articulations between fingers or toes, elbow, etc.
  69. a skin condition marked by the hypersecretions of sebum from the sebaceous glands
  70. a group of fungal skin diseases identified by the body part affected, including tinea corporis (body), commonly called ringworm, and tinea pedis (foot), also called athlete's foot
  71. a condition caused by the destruction of melanin that results in the appearance of white patches on the skin (commonly the face, hands, legs, and genital areas)
  72. removal of a small pieces of tissue for microscopic pathologic examination
    biopsy (Bx)
  73. removal of an entire lesion
    excisional biopsy
  74. removal of a selected portion of a lesion
    incisional biopsy
  75. a technique using a surgical blade to "shave" tissue from the epidermis and upper dermis
    shave biopsy
  76. a technique of isolating and growing colonies of microorganisms to identify a pathogen and to determine which drugs might be effective for combating the infection it has caused
    culture and sensitivity (C&S)
  77. a surgical technique that involves cutting a thin pieces of tissue from a frozen specimen for immediate pathologic examination
    frozen section (FS)
  78. methods for determining the reaction of the body to a given substance by applying it to, or injecting it into, the skin; commonly used in treating allergies
    skin tests
  79. a test in which a substance is applied to the skin through a scratch
    scratch test
  80. a test in which a substance is applied topically to the skin on a small pieces of blotting paper or wet cloth
    patch test
  81. a drug that temporarily blocks transmission of nerve conduction to produce a loss of sensations
  82. a drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms
  83. a drug that kills or prevents the growth of fungi
  84. a drug that blocks the effects of histamine in the body
  85. a regulating body substance released in excess during allergic reactions, causing swelling and inflammation of tissues
  86. a drug that reduces inflammation
  87. a drug that relieves itching
  88. an agent that inhibits the growth of infectious microorganisms