Phchem

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klerandi
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294739
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Phchem
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2015-02-03 14:05:34
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  1. used by medical imaging techniques to pass through the tissue and convey the internal information to create an image of the tissue or organ
    eletromagnetic radiation
  2. used by diagnostic imaging to produce diagmostic images of the body
    • decaying radioactive tracer
    • radio waves
    • high frequency sound waves
  3. utilize contrast agents to enhance infos obtained about the organs or organ system during imaging
    • xrays
    • CT
    • MRI
    • ultrasound
  4. are radioactive and obtain stability by emitting energy in the form of particulate or electromagnetic radiation
    unstable nuclei
  5. unstable nuclei obtain stability by emitting energy in the form of
    particulate or electromagnetic radiation
  6. is a radiation that when interacting with matter can cause changes in atomic or nuclear structure
    ionization radiation
  7. energy in the form of mass with kinetic energy
    particulate radiation
  8. is energy needed to accelerate an electron across a potential difference of 1V
    electron volt
  9. come from outside nucleus via electron orbitals
    xrays
  10. originate in nuclear transformation
    y rays
  11. are unstable nuclei that undergo a process called decay
    radionuclides
  12. is a decay process where nucleus changes from higher energy level to lower energy level
    isomeric transition
  13. the nucleus captures an electron from thye electron cloud of the atom
    electron capture
  14. conversion of a proton to a neutron
    positron emission
  15. combination of positron and free electron
    annihilation radiation
  16. conversion of a neutron to a proton
    negatron emission
  17. a heavy unstable nucleus may decay to a daughter nuclei and an alpha prticles consisting of 2 protons and 2 neutrom
    alpha particle emission
  18. a radiation where a small # of atoms in the body tissue will have electrons removed as a result of the photons
    ionizing radiation
  19. amount of radiation energy absorbed by the tissue
    radiation absorbed dose
  20. damage results from the direct absorption of this radiation energy
    direct effect
  21. contributes to medicine by the use of the radiotracer method for diagnosis
    nuclear medicine
  22. procedure wherein the cross sectional images of the organ by rotating a position sensitive scintillation camera detector about the patient
    SPECT
  23. diagnostic imaging of mycardial viability 
    evaluation of seizure disorders; tumor detection
    fluorine (2-Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-Glucose)
  24. detect sites of inflammation
    staging and evaluation of recurrence of lymphomas
    gallium citrate
  25. evaluate newly diagnosed patients with biopsy proven prostate cancer (postprostatectomy)
    indium capromab
  26. used to radiolabel pharmaceuticals such as monoclonal antibodies and peptides that are used for cancer imaging
    indium chloride
  27. produced in a cyclotron by proton bombardment of a zinc metal target
    gallium citrate
  28. produced in a cyclotron by proton bombardment of a cadmium target
    indium capromab
  29. for the preparation of patient specific radiolabel leukocytes to assess the presence or absence of a suspected infection
    indium oxyquinoline
  30. cisternography
    indium pentetate
  31. imaging of primary and metastatic neuroendocrine tumors bearing somastatin receptor
    indium pentetreotide
  32.  thyroid imaging for the evaluation for thyroid function
    sodium iodide
  33. directed against the CD20 antigen found on the surface of normal and malignant lymphocytes
    iodine tositumomab
  34. possible acute cholecystitis
    technetium disofenin
  35. mixture of unstable lipophilic enantiomers that rapidly cross the blood brain barrier and is trapped in the tissue
    technetium exametazime
  36. for the evaulation of stroke
    technetium bicisate
  37. for inhalation by the patient for diagnostic evaluation of pulmonary function and imaging of the lungs
    xenon
  38. evaluation for myocardial perfusion and myocardial  viability
    localization of parathyroid hyperactivity
    thallous chloride
  39. a photographic film containing a radiographic image
    radiograph
  40. relative difference between the light and dark areas on a radiographic image
    radiographic contrast
  41. 4 radiographic densities
    • air
    • fat
    • water
    • bone/metal
  42. used to produce an image of the GI tract (contrast agent)
    barium sulfate
  43. used as a radiopaquemedium for hysterosalpingography and lymphography (contrast agent)
    ethiodized oil
  44. for excretory urography, angiography and CT procedure (contrast agent)
    • iodixanol
    • iopamidol
  45. for intrathecal use (contrast agent)
    iohexol
  46. is a unique method of medical imaging
    MRI
  47. - is a black to reddish brown aqueous colloid of SPIO particles associated with dextran
    - indicated to enhance T2 weighted images used to assess lesions of the liver
    ferumoxide (Feridex)
  48. - is an ionic, clear, colorless, gadolinium containing solution
    - it enhance the visualization of CNS lesions associated with an abnormal blood brain barrier ..
    gadobenate dimeglumine (Multihance)
  49. uses high frequency sound waves from 1-20 MHz to produce cross sectional images of the body
    DUI
  50. ultrasound used by aquatic mammals and submarines
    sonar imaging

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