LAB MOD 4 INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM

Card Set Information

Author:
JGFlashcards
ID:
294810
Filename:
LAB MOD 4 INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
Updated:
2015-02-04 23:57:30
Tags:
BOOK
Folders:

Description:
STUDY
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user JGFlashcards on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. The skin, also known as _____ consists of three major regions:
    integument
  2. The uppermost superficial region called______
    Epidermis
  3. A middle region called_____.
    Dermis
  4. The deepest region called______, which isn't technically a part of the skin but a _____ layer containing mostly______tissue.
    Hypodermis/Subcutaneous/adipose
  5. Hypodermis is also called ______ fascia.
    superficial
  6. The epidermis is a typical ______ with many ____of_______ cells.
    Stratified epithelium/ layers/keratinized
  7. The epidermis is a typical Stratified epithelium with many layers of keratinized cells. Because the superfical layer of cells is flat (squamous) the whole structure is called ______________epithelium.
    Keratinized stratified squamous
  8. There are four types of cells in epidermis:
    • Keratinocytes
    • Melanocytes
    • Epidermal dendritic (Langerhans)cells
    • Tactile (Merkel) cells
  9. In the four types of cells in epidermis which one is this?

    _______which produce the fibrous protein_____.
    Keratinocytes/ keratin
  10. In the four types of cells in epidermis which one is this?

    ____,which produce the main skin pigment_____.

    They are found mainly in the____ epidermis and make up_____% of epidermal cells.
    Melanocytes/melanin

    Lower/10-25%
  11. In the four types of cells in epidermis which one is this?

    Macrophages called ______or ______cells, which play an important part in the activation of the ___________.
    Epidermal dendrictic/ langerhans/ immune system
  12. In the four types of cells in epidermis which one is this?

    Touch receptors called______ or ______cells.
    tactile / merkel
  13. Name the five layers of the epidermis starting with the lowest layer:
    • stratum basale(basal layer)
    • stratum spinolum(pricky layer)
    • stratum granulosum(granular layer)
    • stratum lucidum(clear layer)
    • stratum corneum(horny layer)
  14. How many layers does the dermis have?
    2
  15. What are the layers of the dermis?
    • papillary layer
    • reticular layer
  16. which layer of the dermis is the lower layer?
    reticular layer
  17. which layer of the dermis is the thicker layer?
    papillary layer
  18. which layer of the dermis consists of areolar connective tissue?
    Papillary layer
  19. which layer of the dermis contains blood vessels to nourish the epidermis?
    Papillary layer
  20. Fingerprints are based on____that lie atop deeper ______.
    Epidermal ridges /dormal papillae or papillary ridges
  21. The papillae contain_______, _______,and_______.
    Capilary loops/ Meissner's carpuscles/ free nerve endings
  22. The ______layer contains______fibers that provide strength and resiliency.
    Reticular / collagen
  23. Collagen fibers are arranged in bundles leading to the formation of the so-called________ lines.
    Cleavage (tension)
  24. what are the three pigments that contibute to skin color?
    • Melanin
    • caratene
    • hemoglobin
  25. of the three pigments that contibute to skin color which one is this?

    ______is the major pigment.It can be anywhere from ____ to ____. it is produced by_____ but migrates to the _____ where it forms _____shields above the___ of the cells to protect the _____ from damaging ____ rays
    Melanin/yellow/ reddish-brown to black/melanocytes/ keratinocytes/ pigment/nuclei/ DNA/ UV
  26. of the three pigments that contibute to skin color which one is this?

    _____is an external pigment, mainly found in fruit and vegetables, such as _____.
    Caratene/ carrots
  27. of the three pigments that contibute to skin color which one is this?

    _____is not in the skin tissue itself, but is the pigment that makes our_____red. It shines through thinner skin and gives it a pinkish hue.
    Hemoglobin/blood
  28. skin appendages are derivatives of the _____.
    epidermis
  29. Sweat glands are also known as _____glands
    sudoriferous
  30. Sweat glands are subdivided into two main types. What are they?
    • eccrine or merocrine sweat glands
    • apocrine sweat glands
  31. ______or merocrine glands are found on ___, ____, and ____.
    Eccrine/palms, soles, and forehead
  32. Eccrine sweat consists mainly of ____( __%), but also contains_____(gives it a salty taste) and _____, especially if a person suffers from kidney failure.
    water/ 99%/ NaCl/ metabolic wastes
  33. ______are found in _____ and ______areas. Their sebum consists of sweat plus ____and ____
    Apocrine/ auxilllary/ anogenital/ fatty substances/ protein
  34. the two specialized apocrine glands are_____that produce milk after a childbirth, ans ______glands.
    Mammary/ Ceruminous
  35. Ceruminous secretion (_____) is suppose to deter insects from crawling into the outer ear canal and together with dead cells forms what we call _____
    cerumen/ Ear wax
  36. Sebaceous glands, also known as ____glands, are widely distributed, but usually develop from _____. their oily secretions (____) softens and protects hair and skin.
    oil/hair follicles/sebum
  37. Which sweat glands are found on hairless skin?
    Eccrine (merocrine)
  38. Which sweat glands do not function before puberty?
    Apocrine
  39. Which glands play a major role in temperature regulation?
    Eccrine (merocrine)
  40. Which gland are active when we get nervous?
    Eccrine (merocrine)
  41. The part above the surface is called ____, while the ___ is the part below the surface.
    shaft/root
  42. The___ is an invagination that extends from the epidermal surface into the ____.
    hair follicle/dermis
  43. Hair follicle has a two layered wall with an outer _____ sheath and an inner_____sheath.
    connective tissue root/ epithelial root
  44. Name at least three areas of the body where hair doesn't grow:
    palms, soles, lips, nipples & portions of the external genitalia.
  45. The fine body hair of children is called ____hair, while the term ____hair is applied to the coarse long hair of  eyebrows and scalp.
    vellus/ terminal
  46. Skin protects our body by offering three barries of protection what are they?
    • chemical
    • physical or mechanical
    • Biological
  47. Skin protects our body by offering three barries of protection: which one is this ?

    ___barriers such as the acid mantle
    chemical
  48. Skin protects our body by offering three barries of protection: which one is this ?

    ____ or ___ barriers such as keratin and glycolipids
    physical/ mechanical
  49. Skin protects our body by offering three barries of protection: which one is this ?

    _____ barriers such as dendritic cells and macrophages
    Biological
  50. what are the other functions of the skin?
    • body temperature regulation
    • cutaneous sensations
    • metabolic functions
    • blood reservoir
    • excretion
  51. Name the five layers of the epidermis starting with the lowest layer:
    • stratum basale(basal layer)
    • stratum spinolum(pricky layer)
    • stratum granulosum(granular layer)
    • stratum lucidum(clear layer)
    • stratum corneum(horny layer)
  52. ______(BCC) is the most common skin cancer.
    Basal cell carcinoma
  53. Basal cell carcinoma develops from cells in the stratum______.
    basale
  54. BBC never spreads to other parts of the body but slowly invades _____ and _____Approx.___% of all cases can be cured by _________.
    Dermis/hypodermis/99%/surgical excision
  55. _____,the second most common skin cancer, involves ______of the stratum____.
    Squamous cell carcinoma
  56. Squamous cell carcinoma is commonly found on ____, ____, _____, and ____. The prognosis is good if the lesion is treated with____ or ______.
    scalp, ears,  lower lip, and hands./surgical removal or radiation therapy
  57. The least common, yet most dangerous form is called ____, becasue it aries from ____and usually is of _____ color.
    Malignant melinoma/melanocytes/ black
  58. Malignant melinoma spreads early to other parts of the body and is ____ to chemotherapy.
    resistant
  59. The most common risk factors for all types of skin cancer are?
    • overexposure to UV radiation
    • frequent irritation of the skin
  60. The four factors that can cause a burn injury are______, ______, _____, and ______.
    • intense heat
    • electricity
    • radiation
    • chemicals
  61. Burn injuries are classified as_____ ______ burn if only part of the epidermis and dermis are affected, and as _____ _____ burn if damage to the entire thickness of the skin occurred.
    • partial thickness
    • full thickness
  62. The mildest form of burn injury is a ____-degree burn.It affects the _____ only and heals without complication.
    First/ Epidermal
  63. In_____-degree burns the upper part of the ____has been damaged too and _____are a typical sign.
    second/ dermis/blisters
  64. Once all layers of the skin have been damaged the injury in classified as a ____-degree burn. because of the damage to nerve endings the injury is surprisingly______. Treatment usually involves ______from other areas of the patient.
    Third/painless/skin grafting
  65. The Rule of____is used to estimate the _____of body surface area damaged by____ and ____ degree burns. This allows clinicians to estimate the _____ of fluid loss.
    Nines/Burns/2 and 3/ volume
  66. both arms and head count for____% each, while each leg counts for ____%. The trunk counts for ___% overall, with the front and back having equal ahres of ___%
    9%/18%/18%/9%
  67. If a man is diagnosed with third degree burns over the anterior surfaces of his arms and truck____% of his body surface has been burnt.
    27%
  68. However,if the patient suffered first- degree burns on his head and neck and secound-degree burns on front and back of both lower extremities, the percentage of the body that has both the dermis and epidermis involved is ____%
    36%

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview