Patient Care

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McCrae
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294923
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Patient Care
Updated:
2015-02-04 23:35:05
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Patient Care
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Patient Care
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  1. he annual dose limit for medical imaging personnel includes radiation from

    1. occupational exposure

    2. background radiation

    3. medical x-rays






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1 only
  2. According to the NCRP, the annual occupational whole-body dose-equivalent limit is




     
    1 mSv 



     
    50 mSv 



     
    150 mSv 



     
    500 mSv
    •  
    •  
    • 50 mSv
  3. The term effective dose refers to




     
    whole-body dose 



     
    localized organ dose 



     
    genetic effects 



     
    somatic and genetic effects
    •  
    • whole-body dose
  4. The roentgen, as a unit of measurement, expresses




     
    absorbed dose 



     
    exposure in air 



     
    dose equivalent 



     
    dose to biologic material
    •  
    • exposure in air
  5. A radiographer who tells the patient that he or she will have to repeat this uncomfortable examination if the patient does not try harder to cooperate can be accused of




     
    assault. 



     
    battery. 



     
    false imprisonment. 



     
    defamation.
    •  
    •  
    • assault.
  6. ____ is the threat of touching or laying hands on someone. 
    Assault
  7. If a patient feels threatened by a practitioner, either because of the tone or pitch of the practitioner's voice or because the practitioner uses words that are threatening, the practitioner can be accused of____
    assault.
  8. A radiographer who performs the wrong examination on a patient may be charged with ____.
    battery
  9. ______ refers to the unlawful laying of hands on a patient. 
    Battery
  10. he radiographer also could be charged with ____ if a patient were moved about roughly or touched in a manner that is inappropriate or without the patient's consent. 
    Battery
  11. ______ may be considered if a patient is ignored after stating that he or she no longer wishes to continue with the procedure or if restraining devices are used improperly or used without a physician's order.
    False imprisonment
  12. The accusation of ______ can be upheld when patient confidentiality is not respected, and as a result, the patient suffers embarrassment or mockery. 
    defamation
  13. Which of the following legal phrases defines a circumstance in which both the health care provider's and the patient's actions contributed to an injurious outcome?




     
    Intentional misconduct 



     
    Contributory negligence 



     
    Gross negligence 



     
    Corporate negligence
    •  
    •  
    • Contributory negligence
  14. An example would be a patient who fails to follow the physician's orders or fails to show up for follow-up care and then sues when the condition causes permanent damage. is termed _______
    contributory negligence.
  15. You are working in the outpatient department and receive a patient who is complaining of pain in the right hip joint; however, the requisition asks for a left femur examination. What should you do?




     
    Perform a right hip examination. 



     
    Perform a left femur examination. 



     
    Perform both a right hip and a left femur examination. 



     
    Check with the referring physician.
    •  
    • Check with the referring physician.
  16. Which of the following exposures would most likely deliver the greatest dose to the thyroid?




     
    AP skull 



     
    PA skull 



     
    PA esophagus 



     
    PA chest
    •  
    •  
    • AP skull
  17. Which type of personnel radiation monitor can provide an immediate reading?




     
    Thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) 



     
    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) 



     
    Film badge 



     
    Ionization chamber
    •  
    • Ionization chamber
  18. Patients' rights include which of the following?















    1. The right to refuse treatment
    2. The right to confidentiality
    3. The right to possess his or her radiographs






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    • 1 and 2 only
  19. Which of the following personnel monitoring devices used in diagnostic radiography is considered to be the most sensitive and accurate?




     
    TLD 



     
    Film badge 



     
    OSL dosimeter 



     
    Pocket dosimeter
    •  
    •  
    • OSL dosimeter
  20. The control dosimeter that comes from the monitoring company should be




     
    stored in a radiation-free area 



     
    kept in a designated control booth 



     
    kept in the film-processing area 



     
    used as an extra badge for new personnel
    •  
    • stored in a radiation-free area
  21. Which of the following must be included in the patient's medical record or chart?















    1. Diagnostic and therapeutic orders
    2. Medical history
    3. Informed consent






     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    • 1, 2, and 3
  22. The purpose of filters in a film badge is




     
    to eliminate harmful rays 



     
    to measure radiation quality 



     
    to prevent exposure by alpha particles 



     
    as a support for the film contained within
    •  
    •  
    • to measure radiation quality
  23. The legal doctrine respondeat superior relates to which of the following?




     
    Let the master answer. 



     
    The thing speaks for itself. 



     
    A thing or matter settled by justice. 



     
    A matter settled by precedent.
    •  
    •  
    • Let the master answer.
  24. Which of the following involve(s) intentional misconduct?

    1. Invasion of privacy

    2. False imprisonment

    3. Patient sustaining injury from a fall while left unattended






     
    1 only 



     
    3 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only
    •  
    •  
    • 1 and 2 only
  25. _____, is such as unnecessarily restraining a patient,
    False imprisonment
  26. All the following are part of the patient's bill of rights except




     
    the right to refuse treatment. 



     
    the right to review one's records. 



     
    the right to order an x-ray procedure. 



     
    the right to have an advance directive.
    •  
    •  
    • the right to order an x-ray procedure.
  27. Exposure factors of 100 kVp and 6 mAs are used with a 6:1 grid for a particular exposure. What should be the new milliampere-seconds value if a 12:1 grid is substituted?




     
    7.5 mAs 



     
    10 mAs 



     
    13 mAs 



     
    18 mAs
    •  
    •  
    • 10 mAs

  28. If a radiographer performed a lumbar spine examination on a patient who was supposed to have an elbow examination, which of the following charges may be brought against the radiographer?




     
    Assault 



     
    Battery 



     
    False imprisonment 



     
    Defamation
    •  
    •  
    • Battery
  29. Which of the following must be included in a patient's medical record or chart?

    1. Diagnostic and therapeutic orders

    2. Medical history

    3. Informed consent






     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    • 1, 2, and 3
  30. The ARRT Rules of Ethics are
    1. aspirational.
    2. mandatory.
    3. minimally acceptable standards.





     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 2 and 3 only
  31. Facsimile transmission of health information is

    1. not permitted.

    2. permitted for urgently needed patient care.

    3. permitted for third-party payer hospitaliza-tion certification.






     
    1 only 



     
    2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 2 and 3 only
  32. For medicolegal reasons, radiographic images are required to include all the following information except




     
    the patient's name and/or identification number. 



     
    the patient's birth date. 



     
    a right- or left-side marker. 



     
    the date of the examination.
    the patient's birth date. 
  33. he roentgen is the unit of




     
    radiation dose 



     
    biologic dose 



     
    dose equivalent 



     
    ionization in air
    •  
    •  
    • ionization in air
  34. An RT (ARRT) is the supervising manager of a short-staffed imaging facility in a State having legislation that requires professional certification. An job applicant arrives whose ARRT certification has lapsed. The manager hires him to fill a 20-hour position doing chest and extremity radiography. The supervisor is guilty of




     
    breaking the ARRT Code of Ethics. 



     
    breaking the ARRT Rules of Ethics. 



     
    malpractice. 



     
    nothing, because position responsibilities are limited.
    •  
    • breaking the ARRT Rules of Ethics.
  35. Unlawful touching of a person without his or her consent is termed




     
    assault 



     
    battery 



     
    false imprisonment 



     
    invasion of privacy
    •  
    •  
    • battery
  36. Which of the following patient rights is violated by discussing privileged patient information with an individual who is not involved with the patient's care?















    1. The right to considerate and respectful care
    2. The right to privacy
    3. The right to continuity of care






     
    1 only 



     
    2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only
    •  
    • 2 only
  37. Which of the following is an acceptable approximate entrance skin exposure (ESE) for a PA chest radiograph?




     
    6 mR 



     
    20 mR 



     
    38 mR 



     
    0.6 R
    •  
    •  
    • 20 mR
  38. The rad is the unit of




     
    radiation dose. 



     
    exposure. 



     
    dose equivalent. 



     
    ionization in air.
    •  
    • radiation dose.
  39. The term dysplasia refers to




     
    difficulty speaking. 



     
    abnormal development of tissue. 



     
    malposition. 



     
    difficult or painful breathing.
    •  
    •  
    • abnormal development of tissue.
  40. The ethical principle that aspires never to, above all, do harm describes




     
    fidelity. 



     
    veracity. 



     
    nonmalficence. 



     
    beneficence.
    •  
    •  
    • nonmalficence.

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