Ch. 5 Quiz

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  1. What are major limitations of the factor analytic approach
    Usually the factors that emerge do not make sense in even well designed research.

    The results are only as good as the items that are included in the analysis.

    The factors are only as good as the criterion groups used to validate the measure.
  2. If you were to fully develop a personality test without even looking at the item content, you would be using the ________ method of test construction.
  3. If everybody read, interpreted, and answered an item in exactly the same way, then that item
    would not be very useful for the assessment of individual differences
  4. One objection to the use of vocational interest tests is that these tests ____.
    may discourage women or minority group members from joining certain fields
  5. The primary criterion for item selection in the empirical method of test construction is determining whether the item
    discriminates between two known groups
  6. Which of the following approaches to test construction is the most atheoretical?
  7. According to the text, what are the conditions that must hold for an S data personality test to accurately measure an attribute of personality?
    • All of the items must be valid indicators of the construct
    • The test taker must be willing to report the self-assessment accurately
    • The test taker must be able to make an accurate self-assessment
  8. Which personality scale could be used to identify individuals who cannot read text?
    the CPI Commonality scale
  9. If a test consists of a list of True/False questions and is graded using a computer-scored answer sheet, then it is a(n)....
    objective test
  10. Imagine that you want to develop a test to measure depression. You gather a set of 100 potential test items and ask a sample of people diagnosed with clinical depression and a sample of nondepressed people to respond to the items. For your final version of the test, you decide to keep only the 15 items that the depressed and nondepressed groups answered differently. You are using a(n) ________ method of test construction.
  11. What does the acronym MMPI stand for?
    Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
  12. When we evaluate professional personality judgments, it is typically said that we are evaluating their ________, whereas when amateur personality judgments are evaluated, we are evaluating their ________.
    validity; accuracy
  13. Recent research using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) to study shyness indicates that ________.
    "controlled" aspects of shyness can be predicted using S data, but uncontrolled or spontaneous aspects can be more accurately predicted using B data
  14. The "Big Five" are
    factor analytically derived dimensions of personality
  15. All projective tests ____.
    involve stimuli with no clear meaning
  16. The basis of the ________ method of test construction is to come up with items that seem directly, obviously, and logically related to what it is you wish to measure.
  17. According to the text, one of the nonpsychometric functions of projective tests is to
    break the ice between client and therapist
  18. What statements apply to rationally constructed personality scales?
    • The items must all be face-valid indicators of what the tester is trying to measure
    • The person who completes the form must be able and willing to report an accurate self-assessment
    • Each item must mean the same thing to the person who fills out the form as it did to the psychologist who wrote it
  19. According to the text, which projective test appears to have produced evidence that comes close to establishing its validity?
    Thematic Apperception test (TAT)
  20. All projective tests....
    involve stimuli with no clear meaning
  21. What are major limitations of the factor analytic approach?
    Usually the factors that emerge do not make sense in even well designed research.

    The results are only as good as the items that are included in the analysis.

    It is up to psychologists to label the factors.
  22. The approach to personality test construction that examines a set of correlations among many items in order to identify which items are highly correlated is called the ________ approach.
    factor analytic
  23. The sole basis on which items are selected for empirically derived personality scales is whether ________.
    they are answered differently by different kinds of people
  24. Eliminating the use of personality tests in employment screening will
    not prevent traits from being judged but will change the ways traits are judged
  25. Your responses to the personality test item "I am an intelligent person" would be ________ data, whereas your score on an intelligence test that reflects the number of problems you got right would be ________ data.
    Self Informant (S); Behavioral (B)
  26. The reason that objective tests include so many items is to increase the ____ of the test
  27. Dr. Akita is designing a test to measure sociability. She writes items that seem directly and obviously related to sociability, such as "I like to go to parties" and "I enjoy the company of other people." Dr. Akita is using the ________ method of test construction.
  28. A projective test yields ___ data.
    Behavioral (B)
  29. Inventories derived from the empirical method sometimes have items that seem strange or even objectionable to test takers ________.
    because those items correlated with outcomes of interest to the test developers
  30. Faking responses in order to influence test results is most difficult on ________ constructed tests.
  31. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) yields what kind of data?
    Behavioral (B)
  32. Factor analysis can....
    identify groups of items that go together
  33. Personality assessment would be relevant to which constructs?
    • Attitudes toward political leaders
    • Aggression
    • Extraversion
  34. When taking a(n) ________ test, a person interprets an ambiguous stimulus in order to express the inner workings of his or her mind.
  35. If you were shown an inkblot and asked to describe what you saw, you would be taking the ______.
    Rorschach test
  36. What are some basic methods for constructing objective personality tests?
    • rational
    • Empirical
    • factor analytic
  37. A test created using the empirical method yields what kind of data?
    Behavioral (B) data
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Ch. 5 Quiz
2015-02-07 21:32:20
PSY 370
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