Frazer and Guthrie
Sir James Frazer - influential scholar who influenced the intellectual approach. Human thinking progressed through three stages that he called magic, religion and science. Thought science was replacing magical and religious beliefs.
Stewart Guthrie - views religion in cognitive terms. Essence of religion is the belief that natural phenomena have humanlike properties. People see the world anthropomorphically. attributing human motives, purposes, feelings, senses and other characteristics to living and nonliving things that are not human.