AP English Vocab set 1

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  1. Alliteration
    The recurrence of initial consonant sounds (not the letter)

    ex. Done well, alliteration is a satisfying sensation
  2. Antithesis
    A clear, contrasting relationship between 2 ideas by joining them together or juxtaposing them, often if parallel structure

    ex. To err is human; to forgive, divine.
  3. Climax
    consists of arranging words, clauses, or sentences in the order of increasing importance, weight, or emphasis.
  4. Epizeuxis
    Repetition of one word (for emphasis)

    ex. What are you reading? Words, words, words.
  5. Metanoia
    Qualifies a statement by recalling it (or part of it) and expressing it in a better, milder, or stronger way. A negative is often used to do the recalling.

    ex. Fido was the friendliest of all St. Bernards, nay of all dogs.
  6. Polysyndeton
    the use of a conjunction between each word, phrase, or clause

    ex. they read and studied and wrote and drilled. I laughed and played and talked and flunked.
  7. Allusion
    a short, informal reference to a famous person or event

    ex. If you take his parking spot, you can expect WWII all over again
  8. Apophasis
    asserts or emphasizes something by pointedly seeming to pass over, ignore, or deny it.

    ex. we'll not bring blah blah blah up, because other reason clearly enough show that ...
  9. Conduplicatio
    it repeats a key word (not just the last word) from a preceding clause, phrase, or sentence, at the beginning of the next.

    ex. She fed the goldfish every day with the new pellets brought from Japan. Gradually the goldfish began to turn a brighter orange than before.
  10. Eponym
    substitutes for a particular attribute the name of a famous person recognized for that attribute

    ex. Is he smart? Why, the man is an Einstein. Does he suffer? This poor Job can tell you himself.
  11. Metaphor
    compares 2 different things by speaking of one in terms of the other. Usually uses "to be"

    ex. the mind is a barren soul
  12. Procatalepsis
    by anticipating an objection and answering it, using in persuasive writing. Permits an argument to continue moving forward, while taking into account points of opposition

    ex. it is usually argued *this*; however, *that* is why it is not true/this is the answer
  13. Amplification
    involves repeating a word or expression while adding more detail to it, in order to emphasize what might be otherwise be passed over

    ex. in my hunger, I saw visions of ice cream--mountains of creamy, luscious ice cream, dripping with gooey syrup and calories.
  14. Aporia
    expresses doubt about an idea or conclusion, often suggestion alternatives. 

    ex. I've never decided if I really approve of dress codes because extremism seems to reign both with them and without them
  15. Diacope
    repetition of a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase as a method of emphasis

    ex. We will do it, I tell you; we will do it.
  16. Exemplum
    citing an example; using an illustrative story, either true or fictitious. 

    ex. the nazi party prided themselves on humiliating their targets. For example, Nazi soldiers would often cut or burn a Jew's beard in public
Card Set:
AP English Vocab set 1
2015-02-06 00:32:30
english vocabulary AP

16 vocabulary terms for AP English language and composition
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