What are the STAGES OF TRANSCRIPTION?
(1) Initiation --> After RNA polymerase binds to the promoter, the DNA strands unwind, and the polymerase initiates RNA synthesis at the start point on the template strand.
(2) Elongation --> The polymerase moves downstream, unwinding the DNA and elongating the RNA transcript 5' --> 3'. In the wake of transcription, the DNA strands re-form a double helix.
(3) Termination --> Eventually, the RNA transcript is released, and the polymerase detaches from the DNA.