Decline of Indian Populations
Decline of the Indian Population was caused by Europeans who came to the Americas post 1492 and is the greatest loss of life in human history. This was caused by 3 major factors. First, disease. Europeans brought small pox, measles, and the flu when they came to the Americas. The Indians had never been exposed and therefore had no antibodies built up and this resulted in massive numbers of Indians to die. Second, Europeans had more advanced technology such as gunpowder and guns which gave the Europeans an advantage over the spears, bows and arrows, and knifes which the Indians had. Third, military prowess. The military advances of the Europeans was more advanced. Europeans had military army tactics which the Indians had not used. Overall the death of about 80 million Indians (almost 1/5th of humankind died in the first century after Europeans came to the Americas.
1. Death of perhaps 80 million people—close to one-fifth of humankind—in the first century; the greatest loss of life in human history.
2. NA were given small pox, flu, measles
3. Superior military technology such as iron weapons and gunpowder
4. Advanced military knowledge