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  1. There are about____bones altogether in our skeleton.
  2. The axial skeleton is made up of ____, ______, and ______.
    • Skull
    • vertebral column
    • thoracic cage
  3. It forms the ____ axis of our body.
  4. Usually the axial skeleton consists of about___ bones.
  5. There a two set of bones that make up the skull. The _____ bones surround the _____which encloses the______, and provides sites of attachment for head and neck muscles.
  6. The top part is called _____ or _______, the lower part forms the _______, which has three fossae, called _____, _____, and ______ cranial fossa.
  7. The _____ bones form the framework of the face, including cavities for special sense organs for _____, _____, and_____, and opening for ____ and ____ passage.
  8. Name the eight cranial bones:
    • A)
    • B)
    • C)
    • D)
    • E)
    • F)
    • G)
    • H)
  9. The____bone forms the anterior portion of the cranium and most of the____ cranial Fossa.
  10. It also forms the ____ wall of the orbits and contains the air-filled____ sinus.
  11. The_____ bones forms the superior and lateral aspects of cranial vault, while the _____ bones form the inferolateral aspects of cranial floor.
  12. The latter ones have four major areas called ___, ___, _____, and _____ region.
  13. The _____ bone forms most of the skull's posterior wall and the ____ cranial fossa. It forms a joint with the ____ vertebra.
  14. The ___ bone is a very complex, bat-shaped bone. It's called a ___ bone, because it articulates with all other cranial bones.
  15. Its three pairs of processes are called___ and ___, and ____.
  16. The deepest skull bone is the ____ bone.
  17. It forms part of the superior part of the ___ septum and the roof of
    the ____ cavity, and contributes to the medial wall of the ____.
  18. The jagged lines that connect the frontal, occipital, and temporal bones of the cranial vault are called _____.
  19. a) Connects parietal bones and frontal bone:____
  20. b) Connects parietal bones and occipital bone______
  21. c) Connects parietal and temporal bones on each side of skull:____
  22. d) Suture between right and left parietal bone:____
  23. Tiny irregularly shaped bones within sutures are called ___ bones.
  24. There are___ facial bones. The two ___ bones or____ are fused medially to form the ___ jaw and the central portion of the facial skeleton. They articulate with all other facial bones except the _____. They connected laterally to the ___ bones or ___.
  25. The bridge of the nose is formed by the ___ bones, whereas the ____ bones form part of the medial wall of the _____.
  26. The two ___ bones are part of three skull openings. They form the posterior one-third pf the ___ which separates ___ and ___ cavity, the posterolateral wall of the ___ cavity, and contributes to the ____.
  27. The _____, which form part of the lateral walls of the nasal cavity, are the smallest facial bones. The plow-shaped ___is part of the lower part of the _____.
  28. The only bone of the skull that can move freely is the _____. It's the largest and strongest bone of the face, because it has to withstand mechanical stress when we chew. Its connection withe temporal bones is called ____ joint.
  29. The ___house the eyes and lacrimal glands and are the sites of attachment for eye muscles.
  30. Name the seven bones that form the orbit.
    • a)
    • b)
    • c)
    • d)
    • e)
    • f)
    • g)
  31. The ___ cavity is even more complex. The roof, lateral walls and floor are formed by parts of one cranial bone (____) and three facial bones (____,_____,_____).
  32. The nasal____ consists of a bony part(_____,_____) and the _____ _____.
  33. _____ sinuses are mucosa-lined, air-filled spaces that lighten the skull and enhance resonance of the voice. They are called _____, ____, _____, and ____ sinus.
  34. The only ____ bone is the only bone in the body that is not connected directly with any other bone. It's an attachment site for muscles of ____, and ____.
  35. The ____ is the backbone of our body. It consists of __ vertebrae, __ in the neck(____ vertebrae), __ in the thoracic part(____vertebrae), and __ in the lower bacj (____ vertebrae), as well as the____ and the ___ or _____.
  36. Each vertebra but one has an anterior weight-bearing region called___ or ___.
    body or centrum
  37. The posterior part that surrounds the vertebral ___ is the vertebral
    ____, which is composed of ___ and ____.
    • foramen
    • arch
    • pedicles
    • laminae
  38. All the foramina together make up the _____ canal, which houses the ____.
    • vertebral
    • spinal cord
  39. The pedicle part of each arch has a little notch on its upper and lower border. The notches from two adjacent vertebrae form openings called _____, through which spinal nerves leave the vertebral canal.
    intervertebral foramina
  40. Each vertebra has__ processes. One ___process that projects straight to the back and two____ processes that project to the sides. There are also two processes protruding from the upper (____) and lower pedicle-lamina junction (____process)
    • 7
    • spinous
    • transverse
    • superior articular
    • inferior articular
  41. _____ vertebrae are the smallest vertebrae.

    C3-C7 have special features other vertebrae don't have. Their spinous processes are usually _____(except C7), they have an oval body, and a large, ___ vertebral foramen.

    Plus they have_____ in each transverse process.
    • Cervical
    • bifid
    • triangular
    • an additional transverse formen
  42. The first cervical vertebra (C1) is easy to recognize, it's only vertebra without a body. Instead it has an ____ and ____ arch and two ____, which articulate with the ____ of the skull. Because C1 carries the skull it was named _____ after a Greek mythological figure.
    • anterior and posterior
    • lateral masses
    • occuipital condyles
    • atlas
  43. The second vertebra also has a special name. It is called ____ because it has a tooth-like projection called ___, around which the atlas rotates when we shake our head to say no.
    • axis
    • dens (axis)
  44. The last cervical vertebra is called _____ because has a ___ process that makes it easy to palpate.
    • Vertebra prominens
    • spinous
  45. The cervical spine is the only part of the spine that allows for____ as well as ____ and ____.
    • rotation
    • flexion
    • extension
  46. The ___ thoracic vertebrae are bigger than the cervical vertebrae. Because they form joints with___ they have additional____or____ on their___and _____.
    • 12
    • ribs
    • facets or demifacets
    • bodies and transverse processes
  47. Their spinous processes are___
Card Set:
2015-02-08 21:57:21

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