Anatomy 403 Lecture Exam 1 Images

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Falynn
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295173
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Anatomy 403 Lecture Exam 1 Images
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2015-02-07 17:13:56
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Anatomy
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Flash cards for the first lecture exam of anatomy 403
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  1. Simple Squamous Epithelium
    • Lines alveoli, blood vessels, lymph vessels, and body cavity membranes
    • Helps with diffusion in lungs, protection, and serous fluid secretion
  2. Simple Squamous Epithelium
  3. Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
    • Covers ovaries, lines kidney tubules and ducts of the liver, pancreas, and salivary glands
    • Helps with secretion and absorption
  4. Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
  5. Simple Columnar Epithelium
    Found in the stomach
  6. Stratified Squamous Epithelium
    Flat, layered cells - occupy the skin when dead and keratinized, and the vagina, anal canal, mouth, and throat when alive and non-keratinized
  7. Stratified Squamous Epithelium
  8. Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium
    • Line big ducts of mammary, salivary, sweat, and pancreas glands
    • Also help develop follicles of ovaries and seminiferous tubules of testses
    • Secretes hormones, sweat, enzymes, and milk
  9. Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium
  10. Stratified Columnar Epithelium
    • Found in the vas deferens, upper urethra in males, and the pharynx
    • Helps with protection and secretion
  11. Stratified Columnar Epithelium
  12. Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium
    • Line respiratory and reproduction tracts (when cilia is present)
    • Found in the vas deferens when cilia is not present
    • Cilia moves the trapped crud in mucus or the sperm and egg
  13. Pseudostratified Columnar Epitelium
  14. Glands
    • Specialized epithelial tissue
    • Endocrine: lack ducts, hormonal secretions go directly into the blood (adrenals, ovaries, testes) 
    • Exocrine: have ducts, secretions are released on epithelial surfaces via ducts (salivary, sweat, mammary)
    • Classification: Simple vs. Compound, Tubular vs. Alveolar
    • Also classified by what they secrete: 
    • Merocrine: juices only (pancreas)
    • Apocrine: juices and cellular debris (mammary and some sweat glands)
    • Holocrine: release cells with secretory products (sebaceous - oil - glands of the skin)
  15. Connective Tissue
    • Most abundant
    • Functions: binding, support, protection, insulation, and transportation
    • Characteristics: vascularized, cells are loosely knitted, cells suspended in a matrix made of proteins and a ground substance
  16. Fibroblast
    Cells that make fibers
  17. Macrophages
    White blood cells (mobile and important for immune defense)
  18. Mast Cells
    Make heparin (anti-clotting) and histamine
  19. Loose Connective Tissue
    Areolar: thin delicate membrane found under epithelial tissue and in fascia
  20. Loose Connective Tissue
  21. Adipose Tissue
    • Cells have large vacuoles full of lipids: padding, insulation, and energy storage
    • Found in subcutaneous, breast, butt, and around organs
  22. Regular Connective Tissue
    • Look like grapes on a stalk
    • Support organs and filter blood
    • Found in the liver, spleen, and lymph nodes
  23. Regular Connective Tissue
  24. Dense Connective Tissue
    • Looks like lasagna with meat balls
    • Regular: found in ligaments and tendons, anchors adjacent bones and muscles, strong

    • Irregular: found in the dermis of the skin, fibrous capsules in organs and in joints, anchors and supports tissues
  25. Dense Connective Tissue
  26. Elastic Connective Tissue
    • Looks like lasagna without meatballs
    • Found in large arteries
  27. Elastic Connective Tissue
  28. Hyaline Cartilage
    • Most abundant type of cartilage
    • Provides support and cushions joints
  29. Hyaline Cartilage
  30. Elastic Cartilage
    • More flexible than hyaline
    • Only found in ears and epiglottis in the throat
    • Not well vascularized
    • Provides support with maximal flexibility
  31. Elastic Cartilage
  32. Fibrocartilage
    • Tough cartilage reinforced with collagen
    • Between vertebrae, pubic symphysis, and menisci of the knees
    • Not well vascularized
  33. Fibrocartilage
  34. Bone
    • Living rigid tissue
    • Starts out as hyaline cartilage and hardens with calcium phosphate and calcium carbonate crystals
    • Functions as support, protection, and levers for muscles
  35. Bone
  36. Skeletal Muscle Tissue
    • Made of contractile muscle fibers (multi-nucleated)
    • Voluntary control
    • Striated
    • Attached to skeleton, helps body movement
    • Amniotic (do not divide)
  37. Skeletal Muscle Tissue
  38. Cardiac Muscle Tissue
    • Found only in the heart
    • Intercalated discs
    • Involuntary control
    • Pumps blood
    • Amniotic (do not divide)
  39. Cardiac Muscle Tissue
  40. Smooth Muscle Tissue
    • No striations
    • Found in hollow organs (uterus, intestines, stomach, bladder, blood vessels)
    • Involuntary control
    • Moves stuff along (babies, food, urine, blood)
    • Mitotic (can divide)
  41. Smooth Muscle Tissue
  42. Nervous Tissue
    Conduct electrical impulses, store information, support and protect central nervous system
    • Nerve cell
    • Non dividing (amniotic)
    • Found in the brain, spinal cord, and nerves
    • Support cells (neuroglia) are mitotic

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