Medical Terminology Quiz #3

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Medical Terminology Quiz #3
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2015-02-07 19:44:02
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  1. fat (combing verb)
    adip/o, lip/o, steat/o
  2. skin (combing verb)
    derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o
  3. red (combing verb)
    erythr/o
  4. sweat (combing verb)
    hidr/o
  5. tissue (combing verb)
    hist/o, histi/o
  6. hard (combing verb)
    kerat/o
  7. white (combing verb)
    leuk/o
  8. black (combing verb)
    melan/o
  9. fungus (combing verb)
    myc/o
  10. nail (combing verb)
    onych/o
  11. formation (combing verb)
    plas/o
  12. purple (combing verb)
    purpur/o
  13. hard (combing verb)
    scler/o
  14. sebum (oil) (combing verb)
    seb/o
  15. scale (combing verb)
    squam/o
  16. hair (combing verb)
    trich/o
  17. yellow (combing verb)
    xanth/o
  18. dry (combing verb)
    xer/o
  19. AIDS
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  20. BCC
    basal cell carcinoma
  21. Bx
    biopsy
  22. C&S
    culture and sensitivity
  23. FS
    frozen section
  24. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  25. HSV-1
    herpes simplex virus type 1
  26. HSV-2
    herpes simplex virus type 2
  27. I&D
    incision and drainage
  28. SCC
    squamous cell carcinoma
  29. SLE
    systemic lupus erythematosus
  30. inflammation of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin, evidenced by comedones (blackhead), pustules, or nodules on the skin
    acne
  31. a hereditary condition characterized by a partial or total lack of melanin pigment (particularly in the eyes, skin, and hair)
    albinism
  32. injury to body tissue caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, radiation, or gases
    burn
  33. a burn involving only the epidermis; characterized by erythema (redness) and hyperesthesia (excessive sensation)
    first-degree burn
  34. a burn involving the epidermis and dermis; characterized by erythema, hyperesthesia, and vesications (blisters)
    second-degree burn
  35. a burn involving all layers of the skin; characterized by the destruction of the epidermis and dermis, with damage or destruction of subcutaneous tissue
    third degree burn
  36. inflammation of the skin characterized by erythema, pruritus (itching), and various lesions
    dermatitis
  37. any disorder of the skin
    dermatosis
  38. an eruption of the skin caused by a viral disease
    exanthematous viral disease
  39. reddish; German measles
    rubella
  40. reddish; 14-day measles
    rubeloa
  41. a tiny spot; chickenpox
    varicella
  42. to boil out; often used interchangeably with dermatitis to denote a skin condition characterized by the appearance of inflamed, swollen papules and vesicles that crust and scale, often with sensations of itching and burning
    eczema
  43. boil; a painful nodule formed in the skin by inflammation originating in a hair follicle; caused by staphylococcosis
    furuncle
  44. a skin infection consisting of clusters of furuncles
    carbuncle
  45. a localized collection of pus in a cavity formed by the inflammation of surrounding tissues, which heal when drained or excised
    abscess
  46. an eating sore; death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply
    gangrene
  47. transient viral vesicles that infect the facial area especially the mouth and nose
    herpes simplex virus type 1
  48. sexually transmitted, ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
    herpes simplex virus type 2
  49. a viral disease affecting the peripheral nerves characterized by painful blisters that spread over the skin following affected nerves, usually unilateral; also known as shingles
    herpes zoster
  50. a highly contagious, bacterial skin inflammation marked by pustules that rupture and become crusted, most often around the mouth and nostrils
    impetigo
  51. thickened areas of epidermis
    keratoses
  52. localized thickening of the skin caused by excessive exposure to sunlight, a known precursor to cancer
    actinic (or solar) keratoses
  53. benign, wart-like tumors; more common on elderly skin
    seborrheic keratoses
  54. a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of various parts of the body
    lupus
  55. limited to the skin; evidenced by a characteristic rash, especially on the face, neck, and scalp
    cutaneous lupus
  56. a more severe form of lupus involving the skin, joints, and often vital organs
    systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  57. malignant cutaneous neoplasm
    skin cancer
  58. malignant tumor of the squamous epithelium
    squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
  59. malignant tumor of the basal layer of the epidermis; the most common type of skin cancer
    basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
  60. malignant tumor composed of melanocytes
    malignant melanoma
  61. malignant tumor of the walls of the blood vessels, appearing as painless, dark bluish-purple plaques on the skin; often spreads to the lymph nodes and internal organs; commonly seen in patients with HIV/AIDS
    Kaposi sarcoma
  62. inflammation of the fingernail or toenail
    onychia
  63. inflammation of the nail fold
    paronychia
  64. infestation with lice that causes itching and dermatitis
    pediculosis
  65. head lice
    pediculosis capitis
  66. lice that generally infect the pubic region and sometimes also hair of the axilla, eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, or other hairy body surfaces; also called crabs
    pediculosis pubis
  67. itching; a chronic, recurrent skin disease marked by silvery scales covering red patches, papules, and/or plaques on the skin that result from overproduction and thickening of skin cells; common sites of involvement are the elbows, knees, genitals, arms, legs, scalp, and nails
    psoriasis
  68. a contagious disease caused by a parasite (mite) that invades the skin, causing an intense itch, most often at articulations between fingers or toes, elbow, etc.
    scabies
  69. a skin condition marked by the hypersecretions of sebum from the sebaceous glands
    seborrhea
  70. a group of fungal skin diseases identified by the body part affected, including tinea corporis (body), commonly called ringworm, and tinea pedis (foot), also called athlete's foot
    tinea
  71. a condition caused by the destruction of melanin that results in the appearance of white patches on the skin (commonly the face, hands, legs, and genital areas)
    vitiligo
  72. removal of a small pieces of tissue for microscopic pathologic examination
    biopsy (Bx)
  73. removal of an entire lesion
    excisional biopsy
  74. removal of a selected portion of a lesion
    incisional biopsy
  75. a technique using a surgical blade to "shave" tissue from the epidermis and upper dermis
    shave biopsy
  76. a technique of isolating and growing colonies of microorganisms to identify a pathogen and to determine which drugs might be effective for combating the infection it has caused
    culture and sensitivity (C&S)
  77. a surgical technique that involves cutting a thin pieces of tissue from a frozen specimen for immediate pathologic examination
    frozen section (FS)
  78. methods for determining the reaction of the body to a given substance by applying it to, or injecting it into, the skin; commonly used in treating allergies
    skin tests
  79. a test in which a substance is applied to the skin through a scratch
    scratch test
  80. a test in which a substance is applied topically to the skin on a small pieces of blotting paper or wet cloth
    patch test
  81. a drug that temporarily blocks transmission of nerve conduction to produce a loss of sensations
    anesthetic
  82. a drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms
    antibiotic
  83. a drug that kills or prevents the growth of fungi
    antifungal
  84. a drug that blocks the effects of histamine in the body
    antihistamine
  85. a regulating body substance released in excess during allergic reactions, causing swelling and inflammation of tissues
    histamine
  86. a drug that reduces inflammation
    antiinflammatory
  87. a drug that relieves itching
    antipruritic
  88. an agent that inhibits the growth of infectious microorganisms
    antispetic
  89. cells covering external and internal surfaces of the body
    epithelium
  90. thin outer layer of the skin
    epidermis
  91. flat, scale-like epithelial cells comprising the outermost epidermis
    squamous cell layer
  92. deepest layer of epidermis
    basal layer
  93. cell in the basal layer that gives color to the skin
    melanocyte
  94. dark brown to black pigment contained in melanocytes
    melanin
  95. dense, fibrous connective tissue layer of the skin, also known as corium
    dermis
  96. oil glands in the skin
    sebaceous glands
  97. oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands
    sebum
  98. sweat gland
    sudoriferous glands
  99. connective and adipose tissue layer just under the dermis
    subcutaneous layer
  100. protein substance in skin and connective tissue
    collagen
  101. outgrowth of the skin composed of keratin
    hair
  102. outgrowth of the skin, composed of keratin, at the end of each finger and toe
    nail
  103. hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails
    keratin
  104. an area of pathologically altered tissue; the two types of lesions are primary and secondary
    lesion
  105. lesions arising from previously normal skin
    primary lesions
  106. a flat discolored spot on the skin up to 1cm across
    macule or macula
  107. a flat, discolored area on the skin larger than 1 cm
    patch
  108. a solid mass on the skin up to 0.5 cm in diameter
    papule
  109. a solid mass greater than 1 cm in diameter and limited to the surface of the skin
    plaque
  110. a solid mass greater than 1 cm that extends deeper into the epidermis
    nodule
  111. a solid mass larger than 1-2 cm
    tumor
  112. an area of localized skin edema (swelling)
    wheal
  113. little bladder; an elevated, fluid-filled sac (blister) within or under the epidermis up to 0.5 cm in diameter
    vesicle
  114. a blister larger than 0.5 cm
    bulla
  115. a puss-filled sac
    pustule
  116. secondary lesions
    lesions that result in changes in primary lesions
  117. gnawed away; loss of superficial epidermis, leaving an area of moisture but no beelding
    erosion
  118. an open sore on the skin or mucous membrane that can bleed and scar; sometimes accompanied by infection
    ulcer
  119. a scratch mark
    excoriation
  120. a linear crack in the skin
    fissure
  121. a thin flake of exfoliated epidermis
    scale
  122. a dried residue of serum (body fluid), pus, or blood on the skin
    crust
  123. vascular lesions
    lesions of a blood vessel
  124. a small, round, bright red blood vessel tumor on the skin, often on the trunk of the elderly
    cherry angioma
  125. a tiny, red blood vessel lesion formed by the dilation of a group of blood vessels radiating from a central arteriole, most commonly on the face, neck, or chest
    telangiectasia or spider angioma
  126. purpura; lesions resulting from hemorrhages into the skin
    purpuric lesions
  127. spot; reddish-brown, minute hemorrhagic spots on the skin that indicate a bleeding tendency; a small purpura
    petechia
  128. bruise; a black and blue mark; a large purpura
    ecchymosis
  129. a mark left by the healing of a sore or wound, showing the replacement of destroyed tissue by fibrous tissue
    cicatrix of the skin
  130. an abnormal overgrowth of scar tissue that is thick and irregular
    keloid
  131. skin tumors arising from the epidermis
    epidermal tumors
  132. a congenital malformation of the skin that can be epidermal or vascular; also called a mole
    nevus
  133. a mole with precancerous changes
    dysplastic nevus
  134. an epidermal tumor caused by a papilloma virus, called a wart
    verruca
  135. dry skin
    xeroderma
  136. hives; an eruption of wheals on the skin accompanied by itching
    urticaria
  137. production of purulent matter(pus)
    suppuration
  138. darkened area of skin caused by excessive amounts of melanin
    hyperpigmentation
  139. areas of skin lacking color because of deficient amounts of melanin
    hypopigmentation
  140. loss of melanin pigment in the skin
    depigmentation
  141. skin color resulting from the presence of melanin
    skin pigmentation
  142. a general term for skin eruption, most often associated with communicable disease
    rash
  143. severe itching
    pruritus
  144. redness of skin
    erythema
  145. appearance of a skin lesion
    eruption
  146. a comedo open to the skin surface, with a black center caused by the presence of melanin exposed to air (blackhead)
    open comedo
  147. a comedo below the skin surface, with a white center
    closed comedo
  148. a plug of sebum (oil) within the opening of a hair follicle
    comedo
  149. baldness; natural or unnatural deficiency of hair
    alopecia

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