Medical Terminology Quiz #4

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
295204
Filename:
Medical Terminology Quiz #4
Updated:
2015-02-07 21:02:17
Tags:
Merical Terminology Quiz ChrisSon
Folders:

Description:
Medical Terminology Quiz #4
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. ankyl/o
    crooked or stiff
  2. arthr/o, articul/o
    joint
  3. brachi/o
    arm
  4. cervic/o
    neck
  5. chondr/o
    cartilage (gristle)
  6. cost/o
    rib
  7. crani/o
    skull
  8. dactyl/o
    digit (finger or toe)
  9. fasci/o
    fascia (a band)
  10. femor/o
    femur
  11. fibr/o
    fiber
  12. kyph/o
    humped-back
  13. lei/o
    smooth
  14. lord/o
    bent
  15. lumb/o
    loin (lower back)
  16. my/o, myos/o, muscul/o
    muscle
  17. myel/o
    bone marrow or spinal cord
  18. oste/o
    bone
  19. patell/o
    knee cap
  20. pelv/i
    pelvis (basin) or hip bone
  21. radi/o
    radius
  22. rhabd/o
    rod-shaped or striated (skeletal)
  23. sarc/o
    flesh
  24. scoli/o
    twisted
  25. spondyl/o, vertebr/o
    vertebra
  26. stern/o
    sternum(breastbone)
  27. ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
    tendon (to stretch)
  28. thorac/o
    chest
  29. ton/o
    tone or tension
  30. uln/o
    ulna
  31. bones of the shoulder, pelvis, and upper and lower extremities
    appendicular skeleton
  32. bones of the skull, vertebral column, chest, and hyoid bone
    axial skeleton
  33. specialized connective tissue composed of osteocytes; form the skeleton
    bone
  34. tightly solid bone tissue that forms the exterior of bones
    compact bone
  35. mesh-like bone tissue found in the interior of bones, and surrounding the medullary cavity
    spongy bone or cancellous bone
  36. bones of the arms and legs
    long bones
  37. bones of the wrist and ankles
    short bones
  38. bones of the ribs, shoulder blades, pelvis, and skull
    flat bones
  39. bones of the vertebrae and face
    irregular bones
  40. round bones found near joints
    sesamoid bones
  41. wide ends of a long bone
    epiphysis
  42. shaft of a long bone
    diaphysis
  43. growth zone between the epiphysis and the diaphysis during development of a long bone
    metaphysis
  44. membrane lining the medullary cavity of a bone
    endosteum
  45. cavity within the shaft of the long bones; filled with bone marrow
    medullary cavity
  46. soft connective tissue within the medullary cavity of the bones
    bone marrow
  47. functions to form red blood cells, some white blood cells, and platelets; found in the cavities of most bones in infants and in the flat bones in adults
    red bone marrow
  48. gradually replaces red bone marrow in adult bones; functions as storage for fat tissue and is inactive in the formation of blood cells
    yellow bone marrow
  49. a fibrous, vascular membrane that covers the bone
    periosteum
  50. a gristle-like substance on bones where they articulate
    articular cartilage
  51. a joint; the point where two bones come together
    articulations
  52. a fibrous sac between certain tendons and bones that is lined with a synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid
    bursa
  53. a flat, plate-like structure composed of fibrocartilaginous tissue between the vertebrae that reduces friction
    disk or disc
  54. the soft, fibrocartilaginous, central portion of intervertebral disk
    nucleus pulposus
  55. a flexible band of fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone
    ligament
  56. membrane lining the capsule of a joint
    synovial membrane
  57. joint-lubricating fluid secreted by the synovial membrane
    synocial fluid
  58. tissue composed of fibers that can contract, causing movement of an organ or part of the body
    muscle
  59. voluntary muscle attached to the skeleton
    striated muscle or skeletal muscle
  60. involuntary muscle found in internal organs
    smooth muscle
  61. muscle of the heart
    cardiac muscle
  62. muscle end attached to the bone that does not move when the muscle contracts
    origin of a muscle
  63. muscle end attached to the bone that moves when the muscle contracts
    insertion of muscle
  64. a band of fibrous tissue that connect muscle to bone
    tendon
  65. a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscles
    fascia
  66. a term of reference that health professionals use when noting body planes, positions or directions; the person is assumed to be standing upright (erect), facing forward, feet pointed forward and slightly apart, with arms at the sides and palms facing forwards; the patient is visualized in this pose when applying any other term of reference
    anatomic or anatomical position
  67. reference planes for indicating the location or direction of body parts
    body planes
  68. vertical division of the body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) portions
    coronal or frontal plane
  69. vertical division of the body into right and left portions
    sagittal plane
  70. horizontal division of the body into upper and lower portion
    transverse plane
  71. front of the body
    anterior (A) or ventral
  72. back of the body
    posterior (P) or dorsal
  73. from front to back, as in reference to the direction of an x-ray beam
    anterior-posterior(AP)
  74. from back to front, as in reference to the direction of an x-ray beam
    posterior-anterior (PA)
  75. situated above another structure, towards the head
    superior or cephalic
  76. situated below another structure, away from the head
    inferior or caudal
  77. towards the beginning or origin of a structure; for example, the proximal aspect of the femur (thigh bone) is the area closest to where it attaches to the hip
    proximal
  78. away the beginning or origin of a structure; for example, the distal aspect of the femur (thigh bone) is the area at the end of where the it bone near the knee
    distal
  79. towards the middle (midline)
    medial
  80. towards the side
    lateral
  81. the imaginary line that runs through the center of the body or a body part
    axis
  82. normal standing position
    erect
  83. lying down, especially in a bed; lateral decubitus is lying on the side
    decubitus
  84. lying face down and flat
    prone
  85. lying down
    recumbent
  86. horizontal recumbent; lying flat on the back
    supine
  87. bending at the joint so that the angle between the bones is decreased
    flexion
  88. straightening at the joints so that the angle between the bones is increased
    extension
  89. movement away from the body
    abduction
  90. movement towards the body
    adduction
  91. circular movement around an axis
    rotation
  92. turning outward i.e., of a foot
    eversion
  93. turning inward i.e. of a foot
    inversion
  94. turning of the palmar surface (palm of the hand) or plantar surface (sole of the foot) upward or forward
    supination
  95. turning of the palmar surface (palm of the hand) or plantar surface (sole of the foot) downward or backward
    pronation
  96. bending of the foot or toes upward
    dorsiflexion
  97. bending of the sole of the foot by curling the toes toward the ground
    plantar flexion
  98. total motion possible in a joint, described by the terms related to body movement; measured in degrees
    range of motion (ROM)
  99. instrument used to measure joint angles
    goniometer
  100. joint pain
    arthralgia
  101. shrinking of muscle size
    atrophy
  102. grating sound sometimes made by the movement of a joint or broken bones
    crepitation or crepitus
  103. a projection arising from a bone that develops from cartilage
    exostosis
  104. flabby, relaxed, or having defective or absent muscle tone
    flaccid
  105. increased in the size of tissue, such as muscle
    hypertrophy
  106. reduced muscle tone or tension
    hypotonia
  107. muscle pain
    myalgia or myodynia
  108. bone pain
    ostealgia or osteodynia
  109. stiffness; stiff muscle
    rigor or rigidity
  110. drawing in; involuntary contraction of muscle
    spasm
  111. uncontrolled contractions of skeletal muscles, causing stiff and awkward movements (resembles spasm)
    spastic
  112. tension; prolonged, continuous muscle contraction
    tetany
  113. shaking; rhythmic muscular movement
    tremor
  114. stiff joint condition
    ankylosis
  115. inflammation of the joints characterized by pain swelling, redness, warmth, and limitation of motion; there are more than 100 different types of arthritis
    arthritis
  116. most common form of arthritis, especially affecting the weight-bearing joints, characterized by the erosion of articular cartilage
    osteoarthritis (OA), degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease (DJD)
  117. most crippling form of arthritis; characterized by chronic systemic inflammation, most often affective joints and synovial membrane (especially in the hands and feet) causing ankylosis and deformity
    rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  118. acute attacks of arthritis, usually in a single joint (especially the great toe), caused by hyperuricemia (an excess level or uric acid in the blood)
    gouty arthritis
  119. bone tissue that has died from loss of blood supply, such as can occur after a fracture
    bony necrosis or sequestrum
  120. swelling of the joint at the base of the great toe caused by inflammation of the bursa
    bunion
  121. inflammation of a bursa
    bursitis
  122. softening of the cartilage
    chondromalacia
  123. inflammation of the epiphyseal regions of the long bone
    epiphysitis
  124. broken or cracked bone
    fracture (Fx)
  125. broken bone with no open wound
    closed fracture
  126. compound fracture; broken bone with an open wound
    open fracture
  127. nondisplaced fracture with one fracture line that does not require extensive treatment to repair
    simple fracture
  128. displaced fracture that requires manipulation or surgery to repair
    complex fracture
  129. the line of the break in a broken bone
    fracture line
  130. broken in many small pieces
    comminuted fracture
  131. bending and incomplete break of a bone; most often seen in children
    greenstick fracture
  132. protrusion of a degenerated or fragmented intervertebral disk so that the nucleus pulposus protrudes, causing compression on the nerve root
    herniated disk
  133. bone marrow tumor
    myeloma
  134. inflammation of muscle
    myositis
  135. muscle tumor
    myoma
  136. smooth muscle tumor
    leiomyoma
  137. malignant smooth muscle tumor
    leiomyosarcoma
  138. skeletal muscle tumor
    rhabdomyoma
  139. malignant skeletal muscle tumor
    rhabdomyosarcoma
  140. a category of genetically transmitted disease characterized by progressive atrophy of skeletal muscles; Duchenne type is most commone
    muscular dystrophy
  141. bone tumor
    osteoma
  142. type of malignant bone tumor
    osteosarcoma
  143. disease marked by softening of the bone caused by calcium and vitamin D deficiency
    osteomalacia
  144. osteomalacia in children; causes bone deformity
    rickets
  145. infection of bone and bone marrow, causing inflammation
    osteomyelitis
  146. condition of decreased bone density and increased porosity, causing bones to become brittle and to fracture more easily
    osteoporosis
  147. curvature of the spine or spinal colunm
    spinal curvatures
  148. abnormal posterior curvature of the thoracic spine
    kyphosis
  149. abnormal anterior curvature of the lumbar spine
    lordosis
  150. abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
    scoliosis
  151. forward slipping of a lumbar vertebra
    spondylolisthesis
  152. stiff, immobile condition of vertebrae caused by joint degeneration
    spondylosis
  153. injury to a ligament caused by joint trauma but without joint dislocation or fracture
    sprain
  154. partial dislocation
    subluxation
  155. inflammation of a tendon
    tendinitis or tendonitis
  156. a group of drugs with analgesic, antiinflammatory, and antipyretic properties commonly used to treat arthritis
    nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)
  157. a drug that relieves fever
    antipyretic
  158. a druge that reduces inflammation
    antiinflammatory
  159. a potent analgesic with addictive properties
    narcotic
  160. a drug that relieves pain
    analgesic
  161. an artificial replacement for a missing body part or a device used to improve a body function, such as an artificial limb, hip or joint
    prosthesis
  162. A
    anterior
  163. AKA
    above-knee amputation
  164. AP
    anterior-posterior
  165. BKA
    below-knee amputation
  166. CAT
    computed axial tomography
  167. CT
    computed tomography
  168. DJD
    degenerative joint disease
  169. EMG
    electromyogram
  170. Fx
    fraction
  171. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  172. NSAID
    nonsteroidal inflammatory drug
  173. OA
    osteoarthritis
  174. ORIF
    open reduction, internal fixation
  175. P
    posterior
  176. PA
    posterior-anterior
  177. PT
    physical therapy
  178. RA
    rheumatoid arthritis
  179. ROM
    range of motion
  180. Tx
    traction

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview