RL ST 001

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RL ST 001
2015-02-09 13:34:35
RL ST 001

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  1. what is religion
    Ultimate concern, which is more important than any thing else in the universe
  2. what is a religious tradition
    a map of reality
  3. What is reality
    multidimensional; conditioned and unconditioned
  4. conditioned reality
    physical; western science
  5. unconditioned reality
    non-physical; transcendent; sacred
  6. 5 function of religion
    happiness, meaning, value, identity, death
  7. Happiness
    • Ordinary Happiness- come and go, not upon external object
    • Genuine Happiness- does not come and go, internal happiness that does not depend on external object; unconditioned reality
  8. meaning
    reason to live; found in unconditional reality
  9. Victor Frankel
    jewish psychologist who wrote "unheard cry for meaning"
  10. Identity
    • Social ID- sense of place in society; conditioned reality
    • Religious ID- sense of place in universe at large
  11. Death
    how you should live your life in preparation fro death
  12. 3 expression of religion
    Theoretical, practical, social
  13. Theoretical
    • 1. doctrine: formal statement of believe
    • 2. Myth: story upon the religious traditions base
    • 3 Symbol: ordinary object that point to something extraordinary
  14. Practical
    Ritual: proscribe form of behavior and specific way you act
  15. Sociological
    ethic: how human to treat other living beings
  16. 35000-8000 BCE
    ancient hunters
  17. 8000-3200 BCE
    neolithic farmer
  18. 3200 BCE
    ancient empires
  19. 600 BCE- 600 CE
    religions responding to history; all religions took shape
  20. middle age
    medieval devotion
  21. present
    contemporary world
  22. Western science
    look at outer science. explain work of nature
  23. eastern science
    developed inner science o human mind
  24. First Indian civilization
    Indus Valley, and agriculture society
  25. Aryan Culture
    The herdsman, masculine sky gods, read in sanskrit, it is sacred language.
  26. Hindu map of reality
    • 1. no central creed 
    • 2. many sacred text
    • 3. not a founded religion
    • 4.cyclical multiverse
    • 5. cycle of Samsara
    • 6. Karma
    • 7. Human realm
    • 8. Liberation (Moksha)
  27. Cyclical Multiverse
    No beginning, no end. Many multiverses existing simultaneously and all are inhabited by countless other beings
  28. Cycle of Samsara
    No absolute beginning, After death there is rebirth, Travel through different realms in defferent forms lifetime by lifetime
  29. Karma
    ACTION. Determines place of rebirth. The consequence is determined by the circumstance in which the action was committed.
  30. what is the law of karma
    all of your actions have consequences
  31. what is the ultimate concern of hindu
    to put an end to the cycle of rebirth
  32. Free Will
    once you enter the realm you are free to choose whatever you want a the death the portrait are done and this determine where you reborn.
  33. Nature of the human realm
    rarest for of rebirth, this is the only time you have the power and capacity to perform actions to achieve Moksha
  34. 3 way to be a good Hindu
    Dharma, Moksha, Bhakti
  35. Dharma
    • Social responsibility
    • Law of Manu
  36. Caste Sys ( The station of Life)
    • 1. Brahmin Priest ( Religious leader)
    • 2. Warrior and Ruler (Administrator)
    • 3. Business people ( producer)
    • 4. Labors ( follower)
    • 5. Outcast (lowest)
  37. 4 aim of life ( what people want)
    • 1 pleasure
    • 2 success
    • 3 duty
    • 4 liberation ( what people really want )
  38. 4 stage of life
    • 1 student
    • 2 householder
    • 3 retirement ( Withdraw )
    • 4 renunciant ( sannyasin )
  39. Rig Veda
    the earliest hindu text veda
  40. Vedas UC
    material wealth/ prosperity
  41. Moksha ( Upanishads )
    sacred texts explaining the power in the ritual that forces to gods to act. When new UC of liberation arises
  42. Brahman
    everything in the multiverse evolved out of Brahman, non-dual, unchanging
  43. 2 aspect of Brahman
    • 1. Nirguna Brahman-Brahman without attributes-inpersonal energy
    • 2. Saguna Brahman-Brahman with attributes-personification of energy
  44. Ignorance ( Maya)
    misperception of reality;distinct but not separate manifestations of Brahman
  45. What Atman is NOT
    • body, sense perception, thought feeling, memory, ability.
  46. What Atman is
    • The infinite of awareness, remove ignorance, liberation of cycle
    • Atman=Brahman
  47. Atman=Brahman
    Your essence is the ultimate energy and you must experience this to achieve Moksha. After this all ignorance has been eradicated.
  48. Person who achieve Moksha
    That person is beyond/greater than the gods themselves
  49. Death of the Moksha person
    You become everything
  50. Bhakti
    devotion to gods;personifies concepts of moksha
  51. 3 gods
    • Brahma (creator )
    • Vishnu ( maintainer, enters cycle of rebirth as Krishna)
    • Shiva ( destroyer )
  52. Bhagavad Gita
    song of god;act with selfless devotion to chosen god;how tension is resolved
  53. Story of Prince Arjuna
    Prince Arjuna leads one side of family against another and brings up conflict betwee Dharma and Moksha.
  54. conflict betwee Dharma and Moksha.
    • If he go to fight he will get karma and not get the Moksh
    • If he fulfills the Moksha he will not get the Karma.
  55. Krishna's quote
    "You have the right to work but for the work's sake only, you have no right to the fruits of work, desire for the fruits of work must never be your motive in working."
  56. Karma Yoga
    • Acting do not attach to the fruit (result) of your action
    • Krishna tell Arjuna that the point is not what (action) you doing is how (attitude) you do
  57. Bhakti Yoga
    Attitude of selfless devotion, use Karma Yoga as the tool that allows you to act selflessly.
  58. Resolution of conflict between Dharma and Moksha
    You can fulfill your Dharma with selfless love and devotion you will not producce Karma and you will get Moksha
  59. Gandhi
    example of bhakti;achieved moksha by working selflessly