Ch. 6 Quiz

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Author:
chanchan27104
ID:
295383
Filename:
Ch. 6 Quiz
Updated:
2015-02-09 13:07:21
Tags:
psychology
Folders:
PSY 370
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Meropp
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  1. According to the text, if peers based judgments on reputation, and not observation, then researchers should find
    equal agreement for both observable and unobservable traits
  2. What are the steps for the Realistic Accuracy Model (RAM) of personality judgment?
    • Relevance
    • Availability
    • Detection
    • Utilization
  3. Research on intellectual and social expectancies demonstrates that ____.
    other people's perception of your personality can influence who you are and what you do
  4. One difficulty that early researchers encountered in identifying the good judge of personality was that
    a good judge in one context was not always a good judge in other contexts
  5. The judgments other people make of your personality may affect
    • your chances of getting a job
    • expectancies of your behavior
    • your opportunities
  6. Which of the following attributes seem to be consistently related to being a good judge of personality
    extraversion and openness
  7. According to the text, ____ describes a context where social norms tend to restrict what people do
    a strong situation
  8. According to Lee Jussim (1991), the source of real-life expectancies is likely
    previous observations of behavioral tendencies
  9. A judge may see a target's behavior, pay attention to the behavior, and use the behavior in his or her judgment about the target's personality. However, for the personality judgment to be accurate, the ________.
    observed behavior must be relevant to the trait being judged
  10. A _____ condition refers to a limit on the generalizability of a particular research conclusion.
    boundary
  11. Imagine your new roommate makes her bed carefully each morning. What might you infer with some accuracy about her personality?
    She is conscientious?
  12. According to the research described in the book, about how often did the more "competent" looking candidate win in the 2004 senate races?
    70% of the time
  13. The observation "If it looks like a duck, walks like a duck, and quacks like a duck, then it is probably a duck" illustrates the method of ________.
    convergent validation
  14. When Sam argues that all interpretations of reality are equally accurate, he is advocating the _____ philosophical position
    constructivist
  15. About 1 person in ___ considers him/herself to be chronically shy.
    4
  16. What does recent research suggest about the validity of first impressions?
    First impressions based on configural properties of faces may have some validity
  17. A judge may see a target's behavior, pay attention to the behavior, and use the behavior in his or her judgment about the target's personality. However, for the personality judgment to be accurate, the ________.
    observed behavior must be relevant to the trait being judged
  18. What is a situation that illustrates converging criteria that could be used to establish the accuracy of a personality judgment?
    You always show up to work on time, and your colleagues say that you are dependable and conscientious.
  19. In making an overall judgment of your personality, which person should be most accurate?
    a lifelong best friend

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