Terminology

Card Set Information

Author:
BodeS
ID:
295386
Filename:
Terminology
Updated:
2015-02-23 00:28:09
Tags:
Anatomy
Folders:

Description:
anatomical position, surfaces, planes, and movement
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user BodeS on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?



  1. a. intermediate

    • b. superior-proximal
    • inferior-distal


    • a) medial
    • lateral
    • b) superior
    • inferior
    • a) Proximal
    • b) Flexion
    • c) Abduction; move away from midline
    • a) B is proximal; closer to root of limb
    • b) distal; further from root of limb
    • c) inversion; plantar surface faces medially

    • a) coronal plane, "frontal plane"
    • b) sagittal plane
    • c) transverse plane
    • midsagittal: on the midline
  2. a) dorsiflexion; toes move closer to shin
    • a) move away from midline on the  coronal plane
    • b) circumduction; includes more than one planes
  3. sagittal plane and sagittal primary movements
    • cut body into Rt and Left 
    • runs anterior to posterior 
    • flexion
    • extension
    • hyperextension
  4. coronal plane and coronal primary movements
    • "frontal plane"
    • cut body into anterior and posterior
    • runs side to side
    • abduction
    • adduction
  5. transverse plane and primary movements
    • cuts body into superior and inferior 
    • runs horizontally 
    • medial rotation
    • lateral rotation
  6. primary movements
    • definition: occur in one plane
    • flexion 
    • extension
    • hyperextension
    • abduction
    • adduction
    • medial rotation
    • lateral rotation
  7. secondary movements
    • definition: occur in 2+ planes 
    • supination 
    • pronation
    • dorsiflexion
    • plantarflexion
    • inversion
    • eversion
    • circumduction
  8. circumduction
    • 1) flexion
    • 2) abduction
    • 3) extension
    • 4) adduction
  9. back
    from neck to hips on posterior torso
  10. thoracic back
    ribs
  11. lumbar back
    inferior to ribs
  12. anterior torso
    thoracic chest
  13. abdominal region
    inferior to diaphragm 
  14. arm
    shoulder to elbow
  15. forearm
    elbow to wrist
  16. thigh
    femoral hip to knee
  17. leg
    knee to ankle
  18. tissue
    common cells
  19. neural tissue
    • fxn: communicatin
    • ex/: brain
  20. epithelium
    • fxn: lining, surfaces, glands
    • ex/: skin, lung
  21. connective tissue (CT)
    • fxn: holds body together
    • ex/: bones
    • fat
    • skin
  22. muscle tissue
    • fxn: movement
    • ex/: skeletal
    • heart
    • smooth
  23. flexion
    to close the angle with head
  24. extension
    to open angel with head
  25. hyperextension
    to open angle with head past rest point
  26. abduction
    • to move away further from midline
    • in coronal plane
  27. adduction
    • to move towards midline
    • in coronal plane
  28. medial rotation
    • rotate towards midline
    • in transverse plane
  29. lateral rotation
    • rotate away from midline 
    • in transverse plane
  30. supination
    lateral rotation
  31. pronation
    medial rotation
  32. dorsiflexion
    move the ankle so toes are closer to shin
  33. plantarflexion
    move ankle so the toes are closer to calf of leg
  34. inversion
    turn foot so the plantar surface faces medially
  35. eversion
    turn foot so the planter surface faces laterally
  36. ventral
    anterior
  37. dorsal
    posterior
  38. deep
    closer to core of body
  39. superficial
    closer to surface of body

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview