Terminology

The flashcards below were created by user BodeS on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  2. Image Upload
    Image Upload
    a. intermediate

    • b. superior-proximal
    • inferior-distal
  3. Image Upload
    Image Upload
    Image Upload
    • a) medial
    • lateral
    • b) superior
    • inferior
  4. Image Upload
    • a) Proximal
    • b) Flexion
    • c) Abduction; move away from midline
  5. Image Upload
    • a) B is proximal; closer to root of limb
    • b) distal; further from root of limb
    • c) inversion; plantar surface faces medially
  6. Image Upload
    Image Upload
    • a) coronal plane, "frontal plane"
    • b) sagittal plane
    • c) transverse plane
    • midsagittal: on the midline
  7. Image Upload
    a) dorsiflexion; toes move closer to shin
  8. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  9. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  10. Image Upload
    Image Upload
  11. Image Upload
    • a) move away from midline on the  coronal plane
    • b) circumduction; includes more than one planes
  12. sagittal plane and sagittal primary movements
    • cut body into Rt and Left 
    • runs anterior to posterior 
    • flexion
    • extension
    • hyperextension
  13. coronal plane and coronal primary movements
    • "frontal plane"
    • cut body into anterior and posterior
    • runs side to side
    • abduction
    • adduction
  14. transverse plane and primary movements
    • cuts body into superior and inferior 
    • runs horizontally 
    • medial rotation
    • lateral rotation
  15. primary movements
    • definition: occur in one plane
    • flexion 
    • extension
    • hyperextension
    • abduction
    • adduction
    • medial rotation
    • lateral rotation
  16. secondary movements
    • definition: occur in 2+ planes 
    • supination 
    • pronation
    • dorsiflexion
    • plantarflexion
    • inversion
    • eversion
    • circumduction
  17. circumduction
    • 1) flexion
    • 2) abduction
    • 3) extension
    • 4) adduction
  18. back
    from neck to hips on posterior torso
  19. thoracic back
    ribs
  20. lumbar back
    inferior to ribs
  21. anterior torso
    thoracic chest
  22. abdominal region
    inferior to diaphragm 
  23. arm
    shoulder to elbow
  24. forearm
    elbow to wrist
  25. thigh
    femoral hip to knee
  26. leg
    knee to ankle
  27. tissue
    common cells
  28. neural tissue
    • fxn: communicatin
    • ex/: brain
  29. epithelium
    • fxn: lining, surfaces, glands
    • ex/: skin, lung
  30. connective tissue (CT)
    • fxn: holds body together
    • ex/: bones
    • fat
    • skin
  31. muscle tissue
    • fxn: movement
    • ex/: skeletal
    • heart
    • smooth
  32. flexion
    to close the angle with head
  33. extension
    to open angel with head
  34. hyperextension
    to open angle with head past rest point
  35. abduction
    • to move away further from midline
    • in coronal plane
  36. adduction
    • to move towards midline
    • in coronal plane
  37. medial rotation
    • rotate towards midline
    • in transverse plane
  38. lateral rotation
    • rotate away from midline 
    • in transverse plane
  39. supination
    lateral rotation
  40. pronation
    medial rotation
  41. dorsiflexion
    move the ankle so toes are closer to shin
  42. plantarflexion
    move ankle so the toes are closer to calf of leg
  43. inversion
    turn foot so the plantar surface faces medially
  44. eversion
    turn foot so the planter surface faces laterally
  45. ventral
    anterior
  46. dorsal
    posterior
  47. deep
    closer to core of body
  48. superficial
    closer to surface of body
Author:
BodeS
ID:
295386
Card Set:
Terminology
Updated:
2015-02-23 05:28:09
Tags:
Anatomy
Folders:

Description:
anatomical position, surfaces, planes, and movement
Show Answers: