nutritional_def.txt

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
29540
Filename:
nutritional_def.txt
Updated:
2010-08-10 14:14:50
Tags:
nutritional deficiencies
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Description:
Pediatric nutritional deficiencies
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  1. Cause and characteristics of marasmus
    • severe calorie malnutrition
    • cachexia/loss of subQ fat
    • hypothermia, bradycardia, hypotension
  2. causes/characteristics of kwashiorkor
    • protein malnutrition (sometimes with calorie malnutrition)
    • soft pitting edema in BLE, may progress to BUE and face
    • brittle, depigmented hair (flag sign if intermittent periods of aduquate nutrition)
    • enlarged fatty liver
    • T-cell and cell mediated immunity are altered --> immunodeficiency
  3. causes/characteristics of scurvy
    • VitC (ascorbic acid) deficiency
    • impaired collagen and chondriotin-SO4 formation
    • follicular hyperkeritosis and corkscrew-coiled hair
    • gingival bleeding (due to fragile capillaries)
    • brittle bones especially at metaphyseal zone of tubular bones and at sternal-rib junctions

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