history of psych

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history of psych
2015-02-09 18:05:23

history of psych quiz 2
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  1. aristotle believed in essences (or truths) that :
    went beyond the mere appearance of things
  2. methods for discovering these essences-studying nature; relying on:
    our senses
  3. aristotle use rationalism or empiricism:
    both rationalism and empiricism
  4. he observed a large number of physical & biological phenomena & then categorized them in:
    Encyclopedia of Nature
  5. explained several psychological phenomena in what terms:
  6. can be considered the first ____ psychologist
  7. teleology:
    belief that everything in nature exists for a purpose
  8. entelechy:
    everything in nature has a built in function or purpose
  9. unmoved mover:
    what gives all natural objects their purpose; causes everything; but was not itself caused by anything
  10. soul:
    that which gives life; therefore, all living things possess a soul
  11. vegetative soul
    possessed by plants; allows only growth, the assimilation of food, & reproduction
  12. sensitive soul
    possessed by animals; senses and responds to the environment, experiences pleasure & pain, & has a memory
  13. rational soul
    possessed by humans only; allows thinking or rational thought
  14. sensory information:
    isolated experiences
  15. common sense
    synthesized experience
  16. passive reason:
    utilization of synthesized experience
  17. active reason
    the abstraction of principles, or essences, from synthesized experience
  18. according to aristotle, this "active reason" is:
    what human entelechy is; trying to understand principles for why something is the way it is (our ultimate pleasure)
  19. remembering
    a spontaneous reproduction of past perceptions: a retention of the effect of past experiences
  20. recall
    active mental search for a past perception or experience
  21. law of association:
    law of contiguity:
    when we think of something, we also tend to think of things that were experienced along with it
  22. law of association
    law of similarity:
    when we think of something, we tend to think of things similar to it
  23. law of association
    law of contrast:
    when we think of something, we tend to also think of things that are opposite
  24. law of association
    law of frequency:
    the more often certain experiences occur together, the stronger their association will be