history of psych ch 3

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Anonymous
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295504
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history of psych ch 3
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2015-02-10 13:34:09
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history psych
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history of psych
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  1. pyrrho of elis
    considered the founder of:
    skepticism
  2. pyrrho of elis
    nothing could be "known" with _____ so:
    certainty, why believe anything
  3. attacked ____ which is:
    dogmatism, anyone claiming to have arrived at an indisputable truth
  4. skeptics do not
    commit themselves to any particular belief
  5. skeptics seek a life of:
    tranquility
  6. two primary guides for living:
    appearance: simple senstions & feelings

    convention of one's own society: laws, traditions, customs
  7. cynicism
    antisthenes & diogenes
    viewed society as a:
    distortion of nature that should be rejected
  8. cynicism
    antisthenes & diogenes
    a simple life: ____
    close to nature & free of wants & passions, is best
  9. epicurus of samos
    based his philosophy on Democritus's ____ but rejected his _____
    atomism; determinism
  10. epicurus of samos
    postulated:
    free will
  11. epicurus of samos was a:
    materialist
  12. epicurus of samos thought the "good life" must be..
    attained in this world, no "afterlife"
  13. epicurus of samos believed in living a ____ life; & seeking...
    simple; the greatest amount of pleasure over the longest period of time, avoiding extremes (HEDONISM)
  14. epicurus of samos avoided extremes via:
    moderation
  15. zeno of citium
    founder of: ____ & _____
    stoicism & divine plan
  16. zeno of citium
    the good life involved:
    living in harmony with nature
  17. zeno of citium
    believed material possessions ____ & emphasized _____
    as unimportant; virtue
  18. neoplatonism
    Philo:
    like Pythagoras & Plato condemned:
    sensory experience/experiences of the flesh
  19. neoplatonism
    Philo:
    unlike Pythagoras & Plato thought knowledge came from:
    direct, personal relationship with God
  20. neoplatonism
    Philo:
    created a system that:
    glorified the spirit & condemned the flesh
  21. Neoplatonism:
    Plotinus:
    arranged all things into:
    hierarchy
  22. Neoplatonism:
    Plotinus:
    arranged system:
    The "One" God is at the top, followed by the Spirit, then the soul that causes everything in the physical world, the soul the reflects the Spirit & God
  23. St. Paul was first to:
    claim & preach that Jesus of Nazareth was Son of God, the Messiah
  24. St. Paul
    The good life is now defined:
    by our willingness to surrender our existence to God's will; will live in eternal bliss after life
  25. St Paul:
    humans now divided into 3 parts:
    mind, body, spirit
  26. Emperor Constantine made ____ a tolerated religion in the Roman Empire
    Christianity
  27. St. Augustine's work marked beginning of:
    Middle Ages

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