Texas Government ch 1-3

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Texas Government ch 1-3
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2015-02-10 16:16:42
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Texas Government
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Ch 1-3
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  1. Broadly shared set of values and beliefs about how government should function
    Political Culture
  2. Daniel Elazar's 3 categories of Political culture
    • 1. Moralistic
    • 2. Individualistic
    • 3. Traditionalistic
  3. Belief that government should be active in promoting the public good; citizens should participate in politics and civic activities; Common good is everyone's concern
    Moralistic
  4. Focuses on commercial success; Government should provide order/protect property; less concern for mass participation in politics
    Individualistic
  5. Belief that Government should be dominated by a political elite and guided by tradition; Focus on maintaining social order; politics engaged in by wealthy families
    Traditionalistic
  6. What political Culture does Texas fall under and why?
    Traditionalistic; Individualistic-- taxes are kept low and social services are minimized
  7. 3 historical characteristics of TX
    • 1. one-party state- Democratic party dominated TX for 100 years
    • 2.Provincialism- a narrow, limited and self interested view of the world
    • 3. Business Dominance- Labor union are rare
  8. 2 consequences did the tenant farming and share-cropping system have on texas politics?
    • 1. system could easily place house holds in debt from which they could not escape
    • 2. tenant farming gives rise to grange/populist movements
  9. Josep Schumpter's Theory- Capitalism is subject to periodic waves of transformation fueled by tech innovations in production and distribution of goods and services
    Creative Destruction
  10. 3 purpose of the TX Railroad Commission
    • 1. State agency regulating oil and gas industries
    • 2. Allowed common pipeline carriers that served many different companies (efficient)
    • 3. Regulated oil production to smooth pricing
  11. example given from technological change in TX?
    The development of high-tech industry after lump in oil prices
  12. What is NAFTA and what impact has it had?
    • North American Free Trade Agreement
    • -trade treaty between the US, canada and mexico that lowered barriers between the 3 countries
  13. 3 factors for population growth
    • 1. A natural increase of births, proportion to death
    • 2. International immigration
    • 3. Migration from other states
  14. 4 main points concerning urbanization
    • 1. 1850's, only 4% of Texans lived in urban areas
    • 2. Suburbanization is the by which ppl move out of central city areas to surrounding areas
    • 3.defined as the process by which ppl move from rural areas to cities
    • 4.over 80% of states population now resides in urban areas
  15. 4 Impacts the Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights act have on political discrimination
    • 1. Fewer participation/ representation barriers
    • 2. 20% of TX legislature is Latino (37 of 181)
    • 3. By 2010, approx. 2500 latinos held elected office in various state and local positions
    • 4. Help open up the political system to African Americans
  16. 16th Amendment- Congress taxes/no equal income to states
    17th Amendment- State legislature lose power to appoint senators
    Wilson Era- reason Gov. Perry states that government power has increased as states power has decreased
  17. -The New Deal (step toward socialism)
    -redistribution of wealth by federal government
    FDR Era-reason Gov. Perry states that government power has increased as states power has decreased
  18. system of government in which power is divided between a central government and regional government
    Federalism
  19. 2 powers; National and state; Possessing supreme political authority within a geographic area; where does it come from?
    Sovereign; the people
  20. layer cake federalism; National government assisted states; States did most of the governing
    Dual or Traditional Federalism
  21. National and state governments worked together to provide services; Marble Cake federalism
    Cooperative
  22. Under what deal did Dual federalism come to be known as cooperative
    New Deal
  23. Congress imposes legislation on states; Sought greater uniformity across states; Unfunded Mandates
    Regulated
  24. Nixon and Reagan attempt to return power to states
    New
  25. Recently, intrusive federal regulations force states to change their policies to meet National goals
    Coercive
  26. South Carolina tried to assert the right to veto national legislation passed by congress; The Civil War, at least in part, was a struggle over the meaning of federal system
    Nullification Crisis of 1833
  27. 4 advantages of a federal system of government over a national government
    • 1. States compete with each other
    • 2. creative solutions can be applied to social problems
    • 3. Legislation reflects the wishes of the people
    • 4.tends to limit the power of National Government
  28. Amendments were ratified during the Progressive era?
    16th-19th
  29. What was the importance of the US Supreme Court case of Wickard vs. Filburn?
    Example of National vs State power; Congress could regulate interstate commerce and anything that affected prices and market conditions
  30. Conservative Democrats side with TX governor Allen Shivers and vote for Republican candidate Dwight Eisenhower
    Shivercrats
  31. Reagan Era Texans supported what 4 issues?
    • 1. economic deregulation
    • 2. a strong national defense
    • 3. traditional family values
    • 4. a balanced federal budget
  32. Significance of life-long Democrat Phil Gram changing parties in the Reagan Era
    Signals increasing ideological division between Republicans and Democrats
  33. life in a state of nature is "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short"
    Thomas Hobbes
  34. state of Nature not as bad; Ltd government; Adds liberty and property to protection of life; Right to overthrow an unjust or tyrannical government
    John Locke
  35. Separation of Powers; Elevate Judicial Branch; Influences US 3-branch system required
    De Montesque
  36. 5 ideas that link the US and Texas constitutional experiences
    • 1. Power is derived
    • 2. Separation of powers
    • 3. Checks and Balances
    • 4. Government cannot violate people's rights
    • 5. Federalism
  37. Unicameral; Catholicism=official religion; has community property/homestead exemption
    Constitution 1827
  38. Modeled after US Constitution; Bicameral; Checks and balances; problems with annexation? pro slavery, possible war with mexico
    Constitution 1836
  39. Tx joins confederacy;Constitutional conventions dominated by lawyers and slaveholders
    Constitution 1861
  40. Tx rejoins Union
    Constitution 1866
  41. Radical Republicans; pushed through the adoption of black suffrage
    Constitution 1869
  42. Strong popular control of State Government; Economy in Govt; promotion of Arargian internships
    Constitution of 1876
  43. 5 US constitution facts
    • 1. designed to crate strong central government
    • 2. Brief and flexible
    • 3. 7 articles
    • 4. Amended 27x
    • 5. 8 pgs
  44. 5 Tx constitution facts
    • 1. designed to limit government
    • 2. Lengthy and inflexible
    • 3. 17 articles
    • 4. amended 467
    • 5. 67 pgs
  45. Primary Goal of the Tx Constitution
    a limited government to prevent excessive governmental power that could be used against the people
  46. Primary Difference between Tx executive and US executive
    Tx has plural executive
  47. Impeachment process for Tx
    • -Power to impeach belongs to house (majority)
    • -Senate convicts and removes from office (2/3)
  48. 4 step amendment process for TX constitution
    • 1. Legislature proposes amendments
    • 2. must be approved by a 2/3 vote in both houses
    • 3. Amendment and explanatory statement must be published in each recognized newspaper
    • 4.Approval by a majority of state voters
  49. 4 changes the Ratliff-Junell Proposal of 1999 propose
    • 1. Executive branch reorganized to look more like federal executive branch
    • 2. Legislature would hold veto sessions in order to consider overriding any gubernatorial vetoes
    • 3. length of terms of office would grow, but w/term limits
    • 4. Governor would be given authority to appoint several state office holders who are detected
  50. 4 reasons were given for the low voter turnout in constitutional amendment elections
    • 1. Most Amendments are relatively insignificant for most voters
    • 2. Many Amendments are not controversial
    • 3. Elections for amendments are held in "off" years, when no candidates are on ballots
    • 4. Voters generally have little info about these amendments

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