Psych Chapter 3
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Stress vs. stressor
stress: body's response
stressor: trigger that prompts the response from the outside world
Eustress vs. distress
eustress: pleasant desirable stress such as exercise
distress: unpleasant, objectionable stress (chronic)
What are the seven major stressors?
- cataclysmic events
- life-changes/ strains
- daily hassles
- Conflict (PTSD)
occur suddenly and affect a ton of people
long lasting (work/ school)
whatever takes up a ton of your time, but is stressful
Life Changes and Strains
a big change that causes stress, but is not a bad change
mean nothing by selves= inconveniences
one on top of the other leads to a breaking point
men more affected than women because they bottle things up
state of psychological and physical exhaustion
results from chronic exposure to high levels of stress and little personal control
vulnerable professions taht cause feelings of numbness
unpleasant tension, anxiety
heightened sympathetic activity
results from a blocked goal
more motivated= more frustration
forced choice between two or more incompatible goals or impulses
What are the four types of conflict?
approach-approach: pincking from two enjoyable things
avoidance-avoidance: lesser of two evils
approach-avoidance: 1 choice with pros adn cons; you either do it or you dont
multiple approach-avoidance conflicts: options that each have pros and cons
What are the three stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)?
alarm reaction: adaptive energy being pushed into high gear
resistance: use energy up slowly but steadily
exhaustion: so much wear and tear that you get problems
Hans Selye referred to illnesses that are caused or worseneded by stressors as __.
diseases of adaptation
Emotion focused coping
- trying to get rid of the negative feelings associated with a problem
- ex: using alcohol to feel better--> addiction
Problem focused coping
trying to get rid of the problem
What would you like to do?
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