Basic_Principles_of_Radiation_Protection[1].txt

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Author:
McCrae
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295639
Filename:
Basic_Principles_of_Radiation_Protection[1].txt
Updated:
2015-02-12 00:06:53
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Mosby Rad Review Boo
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Description:
"Basic Principles of Radiation Protection "
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  1. Possesses the ability to remove electrons from atoms by a process called
    Ionization
  2. 5 Results of ionization in human cells
    • 1 unstable atoms
    • 2 free electrons
    • 3 production of low energy x-rays
    • 4 formation of new molecules harmful to the cell
    • 5 cell damage may be exhibited an abnormal function or loss of function
  3. Name two general types of radiation damage
    • 1 somatic
    • 2 genetic
  4. Damage to the exposed individual is what type of radiation damage
    Somatic
  5. natural background radiation represents what percentage of humans radiation exposure
    50%
  6. Medical background radiation represents what percent of human radiation in the population
    48%
  7. Ct account for what percent of total radiation exposure
    24%
  8. What account for the large is increased in total does in medical does to the population
    CT
  9. , radiation exiting the x-ray tube is called
    Primary radiation
  10. X rays that emerged from the patient and strike the imaging receptor or called
    Exit radiation
  11. X-ray beam that contains photons of many different energies are called
    Heterogeneous beam
  12. What are the two most common photon tissue interactions in diagnostic radiography
    Compton and photoelectric
  13. In photoelectric interaction what is the electron that is injected from the K shell called
    Photoelectron
  14. In Compton interaction the electron that is a move from the orbit and scattered its called
    Recoil electron
  15. In which photon tissue interaction is the photon completely absorbed
    Photoelectric interaction
  16. In what photon tissue interaction is the photon energy transferred part of the energy to the electron
    Compton scatter
  17. What unit of measure measures the unit of radiation in-air exposure
    Roentgen
  18. Which additional unit of measure measures the unit of absorbed dose
    Rad
  19. What traditional unit of measure measures the unit of equivalent dose
    REM
  20. What traditional unit of measurement measures the unit of activity
    Curie
  21. The international system units of measurement what is the unit of in-air exposure
    Coulombs
  22. International system units of measure what is unit of absorbed dose call
    Gray
  23. In the international system units of measurement what is the unit of equivalent dose cold
    Servert

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