Biology

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
295647
Filename:
Biology
Updated:
2015-02-12 03:42:38
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Biology
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Description:
CLEP NOTES BIOLOGY
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  1. FOUR BASIC GROUPS OF POLYMERS OR MACROMOLECUES
    • 1. CARBOHYDRATES
    • 2. LIPIDS
    • 3. PROTEINS
    • 4. NUCLEIC ACIDS
  2. PROTEIN BASIC FUNCTION :ENZYME CATALYSIS
    FACILITATE CHEMICAL REACTIONS IN THE ORGRANISM.
  3. PROTEINS BASIC FUNCTIONS: DEFENSE
    FORMS THE BASIS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
  4. PROTEIN BASIC FUNCTION: SUPPORT
    MAINTAINS THE SHAPE AND PROTECTION OF THE ORGANISM (SKIN,LIGAMENTS, BONES, HAIR)
  5. PROTEIN BASIC FUNCTION: MOTION
    CONTRACTS MUSCLES
  6. PROTEIN BASIC FUNCTION: REGULATION
    ACT AS MESSENGERS TO AND FROM BRAIN, MUSCLES, VARIOUS SYSTEM
  7. PROTEIN BASIC FUNCTION: STORAGE
    BIND CALCIUM AND IRON FOR LATER USE
  8. DNA DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID
    1. DOUBLE STRAND HELIX

    2. ENCODES THE INFORMATION USED TO ASSEMBLE PROTEINS.
  9. RNA RIBONUCLEIC ACID
    1. "READS" THE DNA ENCODED INFORMATION AND DIRECTS THE PROTEIN SYNTHESIS.

    2. SINGLE STRANDED MOLECULE
  10. ORIGIN OF LIFE THREE MAIN THEORIES WITH EXPLANATIONS
    1. ABIOGENESIS, LIFE HAS COME FROM SOME FORM OF NON-LIFE I.E. EVOLUTION, BIG BAND THEORY

    2. COSMOZOIC; MAN IS FROM SPACE

    3. SUPREME BEING THEORY; GOD
  11. PROKARYOTIC CELL CHARACTERISTICS

    PLEASE SEE PICTURE
    1. FOUND IN INDUSTURIAL PROCESSES

    2. NO TRUE NUCLEUS

    3. KNOWN TO CAUSE DISEASES

    4. DIVIDES INTO TWO MAIN GROUPS: BACTERIA AND ARCHAEBACTERIA
  12. CELL WALL FUNCTION
    PROTECTION, SUPPORT
  13. CYTOSKELETON FUNCTION
    STRUCTURAL SUPPORT, CELL MOVEMENT
  14. FLAGELLA (CILIA)
    MOTILITY OR MOVING FLUIDS OVER SURFACES
  15. PLASMA MEMBRANE
    REGULATES WHAT PASSES INTO AND OUT OF CELL, CELL TO CELL RECOGNITION
  16. ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (ER) FUNCTION
    FORMS COMPARTMENTS AND VESICLES; PARTICIPATES IN PROTEIN AND LIPID SYNTHESIS
  17. CENTRIOLES FUNCTION
    HELPS ASSEMBLE MICROTUBULES
  18. NUCLEUS FUNCTION
    CONTROL CENTER OF CELL; DIRECTS PROTEIN SYNTHESIS AND CELL REPRODUCTION
  19. GOLGI APPARATUS FUNCTION
    PACKAGES PROTEINS FOR EXPORT FROM CELL; FORMS SECRETORY VESICLES
  20. LYSOSOMES FUNCTIONS
    DIGEST WORN-OUT ORGANELLES AND CELL DEBRIS; PLAY ROLE IN CELL DEATH
  21. MICROBODIES FUNCTION
    ISOLATE PARTICULAR CHEMICAL ACTIVITIES FROM REST OF CELL
  22. MITOCHONDRIA FUNCTION
    SITE OF OXIDATIVE METABOLISM
  23. CHLOROPLASTS FUNCTION
    SITE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS
  24. CHROMOSOMES FUNCTION
    CONTAIN HEREDITARY INFORMATION
  25. NUCLEOLUS FUNCTION
    ASSEMBLE RIBOSOMES
  26. VACUOLES FUNCTION
    STORAGE COMPARTMENT FOR WATER, SUGARS, IONS, PIGMENTS
  27. RIBOSOMES FUNCTIONS
    SITE OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

    BUILD PROTEINS FOR CELLS TO USE

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