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What is a foal watch kit?
tests levels of calcium in mare's milk to predict time of foaling
What are some signs of labor?
- going off feed
- laying down
- vulva changes
- relaxation of rear end
- bagging up
What should you do with a mare when labor is detected?
- move them to a clean foaling area
- clean/disinfect external genitalia and udder
- wrap tail
What are the three stages of parturition?
- placental passage
What happens in the 1st stage?
- cervix dilates
- mares appear nervous and restless
- takes 45 minutes to 4 hours
- can show signs of stage 1 labor weeks or days before foaling
What happens in the 2nd stage of parturition?
- signaled by water breaking
- rapid (less than 20-30 minutes)
What happens if labor lasts more than 35 minutes?
could be dystocia
What is dystocia?
What causes dystocia?
- malposition of the foal
- (front leg folded back, wry neck, upside down foal)
What are some treatments for dystocia?
- continue with labor
- reposition the foal
How do foals come out?
- front feet first
- then head on the knees
What happens in stage 3 of parturition?
- uterus shrinks and the placenta or after-birth is expelled
- placenta should be examined for tears and signs of infection
What should be done to the mare after foaling?
- clean mare up and inspect for signs of tearing/abnormal bleeding
- remove tail wrap
- observe mare and foal for bonding behavior
What should you monitor a mare for the week after giving birth?
- signs of infection/health issues
- acceptance of foal
- foal heat
How quick does a mare come back into heat after having a foal?
- 6-10 days
- ovulates at 8-14 days
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