Card Set Information
What is a foal watch kit?
tests levels of calcium in mare's milk to predict time of foaling
What are some signs of labor?
going off feed
relaxation of rear end
What should you do with a mare when labor is detected?
move them to a clean foaling area
clean/disinfect external genitalia and udder
What are the three stages of parturition?
What happens in the 1st stage?
mares appear nervous and restless
takes 45 minutes to 4 hours
can show signs of stage 1 labor weeks or days before foaling
What happens in the 2nd stage of parturition?
signaled by water breaking
rapid (less than 20-30 minutes)
What happens if labor lasts more than 35 minutes?
could be dystocia
What is dystocia?
What causes dystocia?
malposition of the foal
(front leg folded back, wry neck, upside down foal)
What are some treatments for dystocia?
continue with labor
reposition the foal
How do foals come out?
front feet first
then head on the knees
What happens in stage 3 of parturition?
uterus shrinks and the placenta or after-birth is expelled
placenta should be examined for tears and signs of infection
What should be done to the mare after foaling?
clean mare up and inspect for signs of tearing/abnormal bleeding
remove tail wrap
observe mare and foal for bonding behavior
What should you monitor a mare for the week after giving birth?
signs of infection/health issues
acceptance of foal
How quick does a mare come back into heat after having a foal?
ovulates at 8-14 days