Am. His.- Chapter 1

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kristinamariek
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29570
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Am. His.- Chapter 1
Updated:
2010-08-15 16:25:50
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chapter one american history
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American History- Chapter One
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  1. 1/3 of the population of Europe died from what?
    The Bubonic Plague
  2. How many organized Crusades were there?
    Thirteen
  3. Which Italian merchant wrote a book that influenced Columbus to travel to China?
    Marco Polo
  4. First to expand across the seas
    Portugal
  5. Found the tip of Africa using the stepping stone technique
    Bartholomew Dias
  6. Founded India
    Vasco de Gama
  7. King of Portugal; Founded first maritime school is Lisbon
    Prince Henry the Navigator
  8. Using stars to navigate is called what?
    celestial navigation
  9. Portugal's rival
    Spain
  10. What were Columbus's boats named?
    Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria
  11. In what year was Columbus's first voyage?
    1492
  12. Who discovered the Pacific Ocean?
    Balboa
  13. First to cirumnavigate the globe?
    Magellan
  14. Magellan's boat, The Victoria, took how many years to circumnavigate the globe?
    Two
  15. Who discovered Mexico and conquered the Aztecs?
    Cortez
  16. Define Tenochtitlan.
    Where Mexico City is today
  17. Aztec ruler
    Montezuma
  18. Main God of the Aztecs
    Quetzequotal
  19. Who conquered Peru
    Pizarro
  20. The gold that the spanish got from Mexico and Peru was used to build their navy. What was the name of their navy?
    The Spanish Armada
  21. Who explored Southwestern US with Coronado?
    Cabeza de Vaca
  22. Who made the decision to make the Treaty of Tordesillas?
    The Pope
  23. In the Treaty of Tordesillas, who got all of the territory to the west?
    Spain
  24. In the Treaty of Tordesillas, who got all of the territory to the east?
    Portugal
  25. Who were the Sea Dogs?
    Legalized pirates
  26. Who led the Sea Dogs?
    Sir Francis Drake
  27. Who was the second person to circumnavigate the globe?
    Sir Francis Drake
  28. When was the defeat of the Spanish Armada?
    1588
  29. The gates to America opened because of the loss of who?
    The Spanish Armada
  30. Philip II was the king of?
    Spain
  31. Elizabeth I was the queen of?
    England
  32. Who looked for the NW passage, a shortcut through North America to China?
    Giovanni Verranzano
  33. Who set up a trading post in Montreal?
    Jacques Cartier
  34. Who created the first permanent settlement in North America? Where?
    • Samuel Champlain
    • Canada (New France)
  35. Who was the first governor of Canada?
    Samuel Champlain
  36. Who were the first people to go down the Mississippi River?
    • Marquette and Joliet
    • (They only made it to Arkansas)
  37. Who was the first to go down the Mississipi River all the way?
    LaSalle
  38. Who is noted for discovering LA and who is it named after?
    LaSalle; King Louis and his wife Ana
  39. What is a conquistador?
    Conquerer in Spanish
  40. Who discovered New Foundland?
    Giovanni Caboto
  41. Who started a colony in 1607?
    Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh
  42. First European born in America
    Virginia Dare
  43. Who married John Rolfe, a tobacco planter?
    Pocahontas

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