Snakes, Lizards, and Chelonians

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Author:
pefania
ID:
295901
Filename:
Snakes, Lizards, and Chelonians
Updated:
2015-02-15 13:00:56
Tags:
Exotics
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Description:
lab and exotics
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  1. metabolic rate depends on temperature and diet
    poikilotherms
  2. allow reptiles to change color
    chromatophores
  3. eat the shed skin
    keratophagy or dermatophagy
  4. where waste exits body
    • cloaca
    • opening is the vent
  5. kind of urine reptiles produce
    uric acid waste
  6. heart anatomy
    • 3 chambered heart
    • 2 atria, 1 ventricle
  7. cavity of reptiles
    • no diaphragm
    • ceolomic cavity
  8. before feeding reptiles insects
    gut load the insects
  9. why be careful IM injections in hind legs?
    renal portal system
  10. name to keep proper temperature
    thermoregulation
  11. shedding
    ecdysis
  12. active during the day
    diurnal
  13. active at night
    nocturnal
  14. active at dawn and dusk
    crepuscular
  15. live in trees
    arboreal
  16. live on the ground
    terrestrial
  17. live in water
    aquatic
  18. dormant during cold season for reptiles
    brumation
  19. dormant during hot or dry season
    aestivation or estivation
  20. lay eggs
    oviparous
  21. incubates eggs internally, hatch and pass live young
    ovoviviparous
  22. live birth with maternal support to young while in the body
    viviparous
  23. common causes of dystocia
    • "egg binding", hypocalcemia
    • unsuitable nesting site
  24. repro problem with males
    paraphimosis
  25. toxic wild insect
    fireflies
  26. insufficient calcium, lack of UV light causes
    metabolic bone disease
  27. resp disease starts as...often secondary or primary to trauma
    stomatitis (Mouthrot)
  28. dental manifestation of sepsis
    • SCUD
    • Septic cutaneous ulcerative dermatitis
  29. difficult shedding
    dysecdysis
  30. common parasite
    oxyrids (pin worms)
  31. zoonotic parasites
    • giardia
    • cryptosporidia
    • amoebas
  32. way to deworm chelonians
    cloacal
  33. turtles
    chelonians
  34. what to never give chelonians
    ivermectin
  35. concern regarding ET tube
    complete tracheal rings
  36. difficult to monitor during anesthesia, what can work?
    doppler or EKG
  37. common zoonotic bacteria
    salmonella
  38. lizards have ... at roof of mouth to "taste" the environment
    Jacobson's organ (vomeronasal organ)
  39. to drop tail
    tail autotomy
  40. permanent teeth
    acrodont
  41. replaceable teeth
    pleurodont
  42. linked to pineal gland, senses light for thermoregulation and breeding
    parietal eye
  43. ability to distinguish sex based on external characters
    sexual dimorphism
  44. way to tell male
    • femoral or pre anal pores
    • paired bulges--hemipenes
  45. snakes way to sense light
    pit organs
  46. lungs of snakes
    right is dominant, left is absent
  47. how snakes are poisonous
    modified salivary glands and teeth for envenomation
  48. Snakes eyelids are fused to form clear covering called
    spectacle
  49. snakes antibiotic-resistant pneumonia
    paramyxovirus
  50. snakes retrovirus that starts with regurgitation and weight loss
    Boid inclusion body disease (IBD)
  51. heart of snake
    located 1/4-1/3 the distance to the tail or between 59th and 66th scale
  52. way to sex snakes
    probing cloaca, or finding hemipenes on males
  53. shell terminology of chelonians
    • upper shell is carapace
    • lower shell is plastron
    • individual sections are scutes
  54. sexing chelonians
    males have concave plastron, females are flat
  55. uric acid crystals in joints of chelonians
    gout
  56. shell rot caused by
    • SCUD
    • or metabolic bone disease
  57. vitamin A deficiency
    causes hyperkeratosis of respiratory epithelium
  58. hypervitaminosis A
    excessive supplementation--skin sloughing
  59. land tortoises fed high nutrition causes
    "pyramiding" of shell, grows too fast
  60. improper diet and water restriction causes
    urolithiasis
  61. aquatic turtles will float off balance if they have
    pneumonia
  62. all amphibians undergo ... from larval stage to adult
    metamorphosis
  63. poison dart frogs poisonous by what they eat
    dendrobatids
  64. toads have... behind the eye
    paratid gland
  65. respiration through gills
    brachial
  66. respiration through skin
    cutaneous
  67. respiration through lungs
    pulmonary
  68. respiration through air gulping
    buccopharyngeal
  69. common parasite in frogs
    lungworms and oxyurids
  70. frogs can get...grave prognosis
    bloat

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