psychopathology ch 2

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  1. attachment
    special social-emotional bond which occurs between individuals, often used to describe the connection of a parent & child
  2. contributing causes
    when examining causation these factors are neither necessary or sufficient but can contribute to the onset of a disorder
  3. developmental tasks
    cultural age-expectations that are applied to young people
  4. differential susceptibility hypothesis
    theory that proposes that reactivity is linked to a more general sensitivity to environmental context
  5. direct effect
    when a variable leads directly to an outcome with no influence from other variables
  6. disorganized attachment
    a type of attachment which may be indicative of mistreatment or poor parenting, reflects the lack of a consistent strategy to organize behavior under stressful situations
  7. developmental psychopathology perspective
    method of studying psychological disorders that integrates the understanding & study of normal developmental processed with those of child & adolescent psychopathology
  8. development
    change over the lifespan that results from ongoing transactions of an individual with biological, psychological, & sociocultural variables which themselves are perpetually changing
  9. emotion
    bodily reaction that reflects mood, temperament, personality & temperament as well as biological factors
  10. equifinality
    the same outcome being derived from various & diverse factors
  11. goodness-of-fit
    degree to which an individuals attributes or behaviors match or fit the attributes or demands of the individuals environment
  12. homotypic continuity
    relative stability of the expression of a disorder or problem over time
  13. heterotypic continuity
    change in the expression of a disorder or problem over time and with development
  14. inhibition
    dimension of temperament which describes a child's response to new persons or situations
  15. interactional models
    representation or description of psychopathology that bases outcomes of development on the interactions of multiple variables
  16. indirect effect
    when a variable influences one or more other variables, eventually leading to the outcome
  17. insecure attachment
    does not utilize the other individual as a source of security or a resource to deal with stress
  18. moderator
    variable that influences the direction or the strength of the relationship between an independent variable & a dependent variable
  19. multifinality
    concept that the same factor may lead to various outcomes
  20. medical model
    simplistic explanation for disorders suggesting that abnormality stems from one root biological cause
  21. mediator
    factor or variable that explains or brings about an outcome, more specifically, by indirect means
  22. negative reactivity
    dimension of temperament referring to emotional volatility & irritability
  23. necessary cause
    when examining causation, this is the factor which must be present
  24. paradigm
    shared perspective or framework consisting of a set of assumptions & conceptions that guide the work of a group of scientists
  25. resilience
    ability to overcome adversities or risk factors & function adaptively despite negative circumstances
  26. risks
    degree to which variables (risk factors( operate to increase the chance of behavioral problems
  27. secure attachment
    reaffirms bonds after separation & utilizes the other as a secure base to set forth & explore
  28. self-regulation
    dimension of temperament referring to processes that facilitate or hinder reactivity
  29. social cognitive processing
    how individuals take in, understand & interpret social situations & how behavior is then affected
  30. sufficient cause
    when examining causation this is the factor which can, in & of itself, be responsible for the disorder
  31. systems models
    representation or description of psychopathology & development that incorporates several levels interacting or enter into ongoing transactions with each other over time
  32. theory
    an integrated set of propositions that explains phenomena & guides research
  33. transactional models
    representation or description of psychopathology with the basic assumption that development is the result of ongoing, reciprocal transactions between the individual & the environmental context
  34. temperament
    basic disposition or make up
  35. vulerability
    inborn or acquired tendencies to respond in a maladaptive manner to life circumstances
  36. vulnerability stress model
    representation or description of psychopathology that bases outcomes of development on the combination of vulnerability & stress
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psychopathology ch 2
2015-02-15 23:02:13
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