ChapterSeven (Blood and the Lymphatic System) Terms

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Marc817
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ChapterSeven (Blood and the Lymphatic System) Terms
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2015-02-15 18:17:40
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Blood Lymphatic Terms
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Chapter Seven - Terms
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  1. hematology
    The general field of medicine focusing on blood-related diease
  2. hematologist
    A physician specializing in the treatment of disease associated with blood.
  3. infection
    a disease caused by parasitic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi
  4. immunology
    the study of immunity and alergy
  5. infectious disease
    a disease resulting from invasion by a pathogen or disease-causing microorganism; another term for immunology, the field of medicine that treats this form of disease
  6. bacteriology
    the study of bacteria, a subspecialty of immunology or infectious disease
  7. virology
    the study of viruses, a subspecialty of immunology or infectious disease
  8. bacteremia
    presence of bacteria in the blood
  9. erythropenia
    abnormally reduced number of red blood cells; also called erythrocytopenia
  10. hemolysis
    rupture of the red blood cell membrane
  11. hemorrhage
    The abnormal loss of blood from the circulation is a sign of trauma or illness
  12. leukopenia
    an abnormally reduced number of white blood cells; also called leukocytopenia
  13. macrocytosis
    the presence of abnormally large red blood cells in a sample of blood. "condition of large cell"
  14. poikilocytosis
    "condition of irregular cell" large, irregularly shaped red blood cells
  15. polycythemia
    abnormal increase in number of red blood cells; Also called Erythrocytosis - "condition of red blood cell"
  16. splenomegaly
    abnormally large spleen
  17. thrombopenia
    an abnormally reduced number of platelets in a sample of blood; also called Thrombocytopenia
  18. toxemia
    the presence of toxins in the bloodstream; literally means "Condition of blood poison"
  19. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDs)
    a disease that results from infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, acquired mainly through the exchange of body fluids during sex, such as semen, blood, and vaginal secretions, and also by use of contaminated instruments
  20. allergy
    the body's response to allergens
  21. allergic rhinitis
    an immune response to allergens that affects the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity and throat; also called hay fever
  22. allergic dermatitis
    an immune response to allergens that enflames the skin where it has made physical contact with the allergen
  23. anaphylaxis
    a reaction to an antigen that spreads quickly to cause bodywide inflammation, which can become life threatening
  24. anemia
    reduced ability of red blood cells to deliver oxygen to tissues; literally means "without blood"
  25. aplastic anemia
    a type of anemia in which the red bone marrow fails to produce sufficient numbers of normal blood cells
  26. iron deficiency anemia
    a type of anemia caused by a lack of available iron, resulting in the body's inability to make adequate amounts of hemoglobin
  27. sickle cell anemia
    a type of anemia in which the hemoglobin is defective within cells, resulting in misshaped red bloods cells that cause obstructions in blood vessels
  28. pernicious anemia
    a type of anemia caused by a failure to acquire vitamin B12 into the bloodstream for its delivery to red bone marrow, which requires it in order to produce new red blood cells
  29. anthrax
    a bacterially caused by disease that has been threatened for use in bioterrorism
  30. bioterrorism
    the application of disease-causing microorganisms (pathogens) to cause harm to a population
  31. autoimmune disease
    a disease caused by a person's own repsonse attacking otherwise healthy tissue; literally means "self-exempt" or "self-immunity"
  32. botulism
    life-threatening food-borne illness caused by Clostridium botulinum
  33. communicable diease
    disease capable of transmission from one person to another; also known as Contagious disease
  34. diphtheria
    infectious disease resulting in acute inflammation with formation of a leathery membrane in the throat
  35. dyscrasia
    an abnormal condition of the blood; literally means "difficult temperament"
  36. edema
    swelling due to leakage of fluid from the bloodstream into the interstitial space between body cells
  37. fungemia
    fungal infection that spreads throughout the body by way of the bloodstream; also called fungal septicemia
  38. gas gangrene
    bacteria from a wound that enters the bloodstream
  39. hematoma
    the condition of blood outside of the vessels and confined within an organ or space within the body
  40. hemoglobinpathy
    general term for a disease that affects hemoglobin within red blood cells
  41. hemophilia
    an inherited bleeding disorder; literally means "love for blood"
  42. hemorrhagic fever
    an infectious disease that causes internal bleeding
  43. Hodgkin's disease
    one form of cancer of the lymph nodes
  44. iatrogenic disease
    a condition cause by medical treatment
  45. idiopathic disease
    disease that develops without a known or apparent cause
  46. immunodeficiency
    condition resulting from a defective immune response
  47. immunosuppression
    a reduction of the immune response
  48. incompatibility
    the destruction of red blood cells that results from the combination of two blood types
  49. infection
    a disease caused by parasitic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi
  50. inflammation
    the swelling of body tissue
  51. influenza
    a viral disease characterized by fever and an acute inflammation of respiratory mucous membranes
  52. leukemia
    a form of cancer that originates from cells within the blood-forming tissue of the red marrow; literally means "condition of white blood cells"
  53. lymphadentitis
    inflammation of the lymph nodes
  54. lymphoma
    a malignant tumor that originates in lymphatic tissue
  55. malaria
    disease caused by a parasitic protozoan that infects red blood cells and the liver
  56. measles
    an acute viral disease that causes fever; a skin rash of numerous vesicles, and general inflammation of the respiratory tract, also called rubeola
  57. mononucleosis
    a viral disease characterized by enlarged lymph nodes, atypical lymphocytes, throat pain, pharyngitis, fever, and fatigue
  58. necrosis
    the death of one or more cells or a portion of a tissue or organ
  59. nosocomial infection
    an infected disease that is contracted during a hospital stay
  60. plague
    an infectious disease that is widespread and causes extensive mortality
  61. rabies
    an acute, often fatal, viral infection of the central nervous system that is spread from the saliva of an infected source; it has also been called hydrophobia
  62. septicemia
    a systemwide disease caused by the presence of bacteria and their toxins in the circulating blood; also known as sepsis
  63. smallpox
    a viral disease that was eradicated in 1975 due to an aggressive vaccine campaign
  64. staphylococcemia
    the presence of Staphylococcus bacterium in the blood
  65. Strep throat
    a form of pharyngitis caused by an infection by Streptococcus
  66. tetanus
    a disease caused by a powerful neurotoxin released by the common bacterium Clostridium tetani
  67. thymoma
    a tumor originating in the thymus gland
  68. antibiotic therapy
    a therapy against bacterial infections
  69. anticoagulant
    a chemical agent that reduces the clotting process in the blood
  70. antiretroviral therapy
    use of drugs to battle viruses
  71. attenuation
    process in which pathogens are rendered less virulent prior to incorporation into a vaccine
  72. autologous transfusion
    transfusion of blood donated by a patient for his or her personal use
  73. blood chemistry
    tests on a sample of plasma to measure levels of its composition
  74. blood culture
    a clinical test to determine infection in the blood
  75. blood transfusions
    addition of blood to restore blood volume to normal levels
  76. bone marrow transplant
    a procedure that involves the removal of a sample from a compatible donor, usually from red marrow in the pelvis, and its inoculation into the recipient's red marrow
  77. coagulation time
    blood test that determines the time required for a blood clot to form
  78. complete blood count
    common laboratory blood test that provides diagnostic information about a patient's general health
  79. differential count
    a blood test in which the number of each type of white blood cell is determined
  80. hematocrit (HCT or Hct)
    determination of red blood cells from centrifugation
  81. hematology
    medical field that focuses on blood-related disease
  82. hemoglobin (HGB or Hgb)
    the protein within red blood cells that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide; also a procedure included in a complete blood count that measures the level of hemoglobin in red blood cells
  83. hemostasis
    the stoppage of bleeding
  84. homologous transfusion
    transfusion of blood that is voluntarily donated by another person
  85. immunization
    an incorporation of a substance that establishes immunity against a particular antigen
  86. immunology
    the study of immunity and allergy
  87. immunotherapy
    treatment of infectious disease by the administration of pharmacological agents
  88. lymphadenectomy
    the surgical removal of one or more lymph nodes
  89. platelet count
    a laboratory procedure that calculates the number of platelets in a known volume of blood
  90. prophylaxis
    a preventative treatment
  91. red blood count (RBC)
    a clinical lab test that measures the number of red blood cells
  92. splenectomy
    the surgical removal of the spleen
  93. thrombolysis
    treatment that dissolves unwanted blood clot
  94. vaccination
    inoculation of a foreign substance to provide a cure of prophylaxis
  95. vaccine
    a preparation used to activate immune reponse

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