Research Exam 2 Ch. 4

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jwhughes
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Research Exam 2 Ch. 4
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2015-02-22 11:33:17
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Exam 2 Ch 4
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  1. What is the study of research questions about human EXPERIENCES
    Qualitative Research
  2. What type of setting does Qualitative research usually take place in?
    Natural setting
  3. What is the worldview approach to reality?
    • no single reality
    • Based upon perception
    • changes over time
  4. What is the worldview approach to knowledge?
    • What we know has meaning within a given situation or context
    • Knower and known are inseperable
    • Inquiry is value bound
  5. Describe the reasoning process in Qualitative Research
    • Perceptually putting pieces together
    • From this process, there is meaning
    • Many meanings are possible
  6. What is the framework for Qualitative Research
    • NOT HYPOTHESIS TESTING
    • Guided by a philosophical stance
  7. What does the philosophical base of qualitative study direct?
    • Questions asked
    • Observations made
    • Approach to interpretation of data
  8. What do the findings of qualitative studies contribute to in nursing knowledge
    Aids in theory development
  9. Name 6 key methods in qualitative research
    • Phenomenology
    • Grounded theory
    • Historical
    • Ethnography
    • Epistemology
    • Case studies
  10. What research approach aims to describe a LIVED EXPERIENCE in order to understand the meaning of that experience to those who have it
    Phenomenology
  11. Describe 4 things about phenomenological philosophy
    • Person Integral with environment
    • World shapes itself
    • Reality is subjective
    • Researcher's experience is unique to him/her
  12. What is an interpretation of a phenomena?
    Truth
  13. What is the broad question of phenomenological study?
    What is the meaning of one's lived experience?
  14. What is the essence of method for Phenomenology
    Description of individual's lived experience
  15. What is a theory that is constructed inductively from a bade of OBSERVATIONS of the world as it is lived by a SELECTED GROUP of people? (BASIC SOCIAL PROCESS)
    Grounded Theory
  16. What type of interaction theory is Grounded Theory based on?
    Symbolic
  17. What theory describes HOW PEOPLE DEFINE REALITY and HOW THEIR BELIEFS are RELATED TO THEIR ACTIONS?
    Grounded Theory
  18. How is reality viewed for Grounded Theories?
    Created by attaching meanings to situations
  19. How is meaning expressed for Grounded Theories
    SYMBOLS (words, religious objects, clothes)
  20. How is symbolic meanings shared between groups
    socialization
  21. What is the essence of method for Grounded Theory
    systematic set of procedures to arrive at a theory about basic social processes of groups
  22. What is the foundation of Ground Theory
    Symbolic Interaction and Social Sciences
  23. What is a research approach designed to produce cultural theory? (UNDERSTAND NATIVE'S VIEW)
    Ethnography
  24. What does ethnography mean
    portrait of people
  25. What research seeks to understand people: ways of living, believing, adapting
    Ethnography
  26. Describe the difference between material and nonmaterial culture
    • Material: ALL CREATED OBJECTS
    • Nonmaterial: symbolic referent, social network, beliefs, ideas
  27. What is the difference between Emic and Etic approach to culture
    • Emic: WITHIN
    • Etic: OUTSIDE
  28. What is the essence of method for Ethnography
    Descriptions of cultures or subgroups
  29. What is the foundation of ethnography
    Cultural Anthropology
  30. What is the systematic compilation of data and critical presentation, evaluation, and interpretations of facts regarding people, events, and occurrences of past
    Historical
  31. What is the greatest value of historical knowledge
    Increased self-understanding
  32. What is the goal of historical philosophy
    Identify a developmental scheme for history to explain events and structures as elements of same social processes
  33. What is the essence of method for historical philosophy
    Systematic compilation of data to describe some past events
  34. What is the foundation of historical philosophy
    • philosophy
    • art
    • science
  35. What is the theory of knowledge, the branch of philosophy that investigates how people know what they know
    Epistemology
  36. What is the study of a selected phenomena that provides an in-depth description of its dimensions and processes? (OVER TIME)
    Case Study
  37. What are subjects referred as in qualitative research
    participants
  38. What two reasons may halt the researcher's decision to seek new subjects
    • Informational redundancy (no new info)
    • Theoretical Saturation (ideas complete)
  39. What 3 things do participants in qualitative research assist in
    • Determine research question
    • Guiding data collection
    • Interpreting Results
  40. What is bracketing
    Suspending or laying aside what researcher knows about experience being studied
  41. What is a way of indexing or identifying categories in data
    Coding
  42. Name 4 commonly used methods for qualitative analysis
    • Sampling for diversity
    • Interviews/Focus group data
    • Qualitative content analysis
    • Themes/Patterns by what has been said
  43. How do quotes progress to a theme in qualitative research
    Original quote > Code > Several Similar codes > theme
  44. What is the lowest level of measure, not precise, robust, numbers are NOT significant, just a name, no order
    nominal
  45. what level of measurement has expected order or ranking, numbers do mean something, has a name with order, most to least
    ordinal
  46. what is interval measuring, give example
    no zero, an amount between each number (age 3 years between each patient)
  47. what is the same thing as an interval except there is an absolute? give example
    • ratio
    • income (can have 0 income)
  48. what two types of measurements are numerical?
    • interval
    • ratio
  49. what two types of measurement are categorical
    • ordinal
    • nominal

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