Research Exam 2 Ch. 4
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. What would you like to do?
What is the study of research questions about human EXPERIENCES
What type of setting does Qualitative research usually take place in?
What is the worldview approach to reality?
- no single reality
- Based upon perception
- changes over time
What is the worldview approach to knowledge?
- What we know has meaning within a given situation or context
- Knower and known are inseperable
- Inquiry is value bound
Describe the reasoning process in Qualitative Research
- Perceptually putting pieces together
- From this process, there is meaning
- Many meanings are possible
What is the framework for Qualitative Research
- NOT HYPOTHESIS TESTING
- Guided by a philosophical stance
What does the philosophical base of qualitative study direct?
- Questions asked
- Observations made
- Approach to interpretation of data
What do the findings of qualitative studies contribute to in nursing knowledge
Aids in theory development
Name 6 key methods in qualitative research
- Grounded theory
- Case studies
What research approach aims to describe a LIVED EXPERIENCE in order to understand the meaning of that experience to those who have it
Describe 4 things about phenomenological philosophy
- Person Integral with environment
- World shapes itself
- Reality is subjective
- Researcher's experience is unique to him/her
What is an interpretation of a phenomena?
What is the broad question of phenomenological study?
What is the meaning of one's lived experience?
What is the essence of method for Phenomenology
Description of individual's lived experience
What is a theory that is constructed inductively from a bade of OBSERVATIONS of the world as it is lived by a SELECTED GROUP of people? (BASIC SOCIAL PROCESS)
What type of interaction theory is Grounded Theory based on?
What theory describes HOW PEOPLE DEFINE REALITY and HOW THEIR BELIEFS are RELATED TO THEIR ACTIONS?
How is reality viewed for Grounded Theories?
Created by attaching meanings to situations
How is meaning expressed for Grounded Theories
SYMBOLS (words, religious objects, clothes)
How is symbolic meanings shared between groups
What is the essence of method for Grounded Theory
systematic set of procedures to arrive at a theory about basic social processes of groups
What is the foundation of Ground Theory
Symbolic Interaction and Social Sciences
What is a research approach designed to produce cultural theory? (UNDERSTAND NATIVE'S VIEW)
What does ethnography mean
portrait of people
What research seeks to understand people: ways of living, believing, adapting
Describe the difference between material and nonmaterial culture
- Material: ALL CREATED OBJECTS
- Nonmaterial: symbolic referent, social network, beliefs, ideas
What is the difference between Emic and Etic approach to culture
- Emic: WITHIN
- Etic: OUTSIDE
What is the essence of method for Ethnography
Descriptions of cultures or subgroups
What is the foundation of ethnography
What is the systematic compilation of data and critical presentation, evaluation, and interpretations of facts regarding people, events, and occurrences of past
What is the greatest value of historical knowledge
What is the goal of historical philosophy
Identify a developmental scheme for history to explain events and structures as elements of same social processes
What is the essence of method for historical philosophy
Systematic compilation of data to describe some past events
What is the foundation of historical philosophy
What is the theory of knowledge, the branch of philosophy that investigates how people know what they know
What is the study of a selected phenomena that provides an in-depth description of its dimensions and processes? (OVER TIME)
What are subjects referred as in qualitative research
What two reasons may halt the researcher's decision to seek new subjects
- Informational redundancy (no new info)
- Theoretical Saturation (ideas complete)
What 3 things do participants in qualitative research assist in
- Determine research question
- Guiding data collection
- Interpreting Results
What is bracketing
Suspending or laying aside what researcher knows about experience being studied
What is a way of indexing or identifying categories in data
Name 4 commonly used methods for qualitative analysis
- Sampling for diversity
- Interviews/Focus group data
- Qualitative content analysis
- Themes/Patterns by what has been said
How do quotes progress to a theme in qualitative research
Original quote > Code > Several Similar codes > theme
What is the lowest level of measure, not precise, robust, numbers are NOT significant, just a name, no order
what level of measurement has expected order or ranking, numbers do mean something, has a name with order, most to least
what is interval measuring, give example
no zero, an amount between each number (age 3 years between each patient)
what is the same thing as an interval except there is an absolute? give example
- income (can have 0 income)
what two types of measurements are numerical?
what two types of measurement are categorical
What would you like to do?
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