Chapter 8

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Chapter 8
2010-08-11 00:15:00

Chapter 8
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  1. What does the Hypothalmus produce?
    • ADH - antidiuretic hormone
    • Oxytocin
    • Regulatory hormones
  2. What does the Anterior Pituitary (Adenohypophysis) gland produce?
    • ACTH - adrenocorticotropic hormone
    • TSH - thyroid-stimulating hormone
    • GH - growth hormone
    • PRL - prolactin
    • FSH - follicle stimulating hormone
    • LH - luteinizing hormone
    • MSH - melanocyte stimulating hormone
  3. What does the posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis) produce?
    • Release of oxytocin
    • ADH - antidiuretic hormone
  4. What does the thyroid gland produce?
    • T4 - Thyroxin
    • T3 - Triodothyronine
    • CT - Calcitonin
  5. What does the Thymus produce?
  6. What do the adrenal glands produce?
    • Medulla: epinpehrine (E), norepinephrine (NE)
    • Cortex: Cortisol, corticosterone, aldosterone, androgens
  7. What does the pineal gland produce?
  8. What does the parathyroid glands produce?
    PTH - Parathyroid hormone
  9. What hormones does the heart produce?
    ANP - Atrial natriuretic peptide
  10. What hormones does the kidney produce?
    • (EPO)Erythropoietin
    • Calcitriol
  11. What hormones does the digestive tract produce?
    Numerous hormones
  12. What do the pancreatic islets produce?
    • Insulin
    • Glucagon
  13. What do the gonads produce?
    • Ovaries: Estrogens, Progestins, inhibin
    • Testes: Androgens, testosterone, inhibin
  14. What are the 4 main groups hormones can be classified into?
    • Regulation of internal chemical balance
    • Response to stress, trauma, temperature changes
    • Growth and Development
    • Reproduction
  15. What gland is also known as the "master gland?"
    Pituitary gland
  16. What are steroid hormones?
    Hormones derived from lipids
  17. What are nonsterioid hormones?
    Hormones derived from amino acids
  18. What are the 5 steroid hormones?
    • Aldosterone
    • Cortisol
    • Estrogen
    • Progesterone
    • Testosterone
  19. What are the 10 nonsteroid hormones?
    • Epinephrine
    • Norepinephrine
    • thyroxine
    • Triiodothyronine
    • antidiuretic hormone
    • oxytocin
    • growth hormone
    • parathyroid hormone
    • insulin
    • glucagons
  20. What does oxytocin do?
    Stimulates the uterus, causing labor contractions
  21. What does the pituitary gland regulate?
    Reproduction, growth, renal systems, thyroid gland
  22. What is hypothyroidism?
    An underfucntioning thyroid
  23. What is hyperthyroidism?
    • An overfunctioning thyroid
    • (Grave's disease)
  24. What are some symptoms of hypothyroidism?
    • sleepy
    • less mentally alert
    • tires easily
    • slow heart rate
  25. What is hypoparathyroidism?
    • Parathyroid glands don't produce enough hormones
    • Symptoms: Abdominal pain, brittle nails, cataracts
  26. What is tetany?
    • Caused by hypoparathyroidism
    • Symptoms: prolonged muscle spasms involving the face and extremities
  27. What is hyperparathyroidism?
    • Overproduction of parathyroid hormone
    • Bones grow thin and brittle, nervous system is depressed, skeletal muscles weaken
  28. What is the fight or flight response?
    • Caused by norepinephrine in the sympathetic nervous system
    • Increased heart rate, increased respiratory rate, elevated blood pressure, decreased digestive functioning
  29. What are palliatives?
    Drugs that relieve symptoms, but do not cure the condition or disease
  30. What are hypoglycemic drugs?
    • Treat Type-II diabetes
    • Diabeta, Diabenese, Tolinase
  31. What is amenorrhea?
    Absense of a menstrual period
  32. What is dysmenorrhea?
    Uterine pain during menstration
  33. What is menopause?
    Menstration ceases and marks the end of a woman's fertility
  34. What are androgens?
    • Male sex hormones
    • Development of male sex organs
    • Development of secondary male sex characteristics
  35. What is hypogonadism?
    When the male gonads don't produce enough hormones
  36. What is testosterone sometimes used for in females?
    Treat some types of advanced breast cancer
  37. What is endometriosis?
    Endometrial tissue growing someplace other than the uterus lining
  38. What is fibrocystic disease of the breast?
    Fibroids located in the tissue of the breast
  39. What is osteoporosis?
    Abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile bones, due to lack of calcium
  40. What is recombinant DNA technology?
    Combining DNA molecules from two different species to produce new, beneficial genetic combinations