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What does the Hypothalmus produce?
- ADH - antidiuretic hormone
- Regulatory hormones
What does the Anterior Pituitary (Adenohypophysis) gland produce?
- ACTH - adrenocorticotropic hormone
- TSH - thyroid-stimulating hormone
- GH - growth hormone
- PRL - prolactin
- FSH - follicle stimulating hormone
- LH - luteinizing hormone
- MSH - melanocyte stimulating hormone
What does the posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis) produce?
- Release of oxytocin
- ADH - antidiuretic hormone
What does the thyroid gland produce?
- T4 - Thyroxin
- T3 - Triodothyronine
- CT - Calcitonin
What does the Thymus produce?
What do the adrenal glands produce?
- Medulla: epinpehrine (E), norepinephrine (NE)
- Cortex: Cortisol, corticosterone, aldosterone, androgens
What does the pineal gland produce?
What does the parathyroid glands produce?
PTH - Parathyroid hormone
What hormones does the heart produce?
ANP - Atrial natriuretic peptide
What hormones does the kidney produce?
What hormones does the digestive tract produce?
What do the pancreatic islets produce?
What do the gonads produce?
- Ovaries: Estrogens, Progestins, inhibin
- Testes: Androgens, testosterone, inhibin
What are the 4 main groups hormones can be classified into?
- Regulation of internal chemical balance
- Response to stress, trauma, temperature changes
- Growth and Development
What gland is also known as the "master gland?"
What are steroid hormones?
Hormones derived from lipids
What are nonsterioid hormones?
Hormones derived from amino acids
What are the 5 steroid hormones?
What are the 10 nonsteroid hormones?
- antidiuretic hormone
- growth hormone
- parathyroid hormone
What does oxytocin do?
Stimulates the uterus, causing labor contractions
What does the pituitary gland regulate?
Reproduction, growth, renal systems, thyroid gland
What is hypothyroidism?
An underfucntioning thyroid
What is hyperthyroidism?
- An overfunctioning thyroid
- (Grave's disease)
What are some symptoms of hypothyroidism?
- less mentally alert
- tires easily
- slow heart rate
What is hypoparathyroidism?
- Parathyroid glands don't produce enough hormones
- Symptoms: Abdominal pain, brittle nails, cataracts
What is tetany?
- Caused by hypoparathyroidism
- Symptoms: prolonged muscle spasms involving the face and extremities
What is hyperparathyroidism?
- Overproduction of parathyroid hormone
- Bones grow thin and brittle, nervous system is depressed, skeletal muscles weaken
What is the fight or flight response?
- Caused by norepinephrine in the sympathetic nervous system
- Increased heart rate, increased respiratory rate, elevated blood pressure, decreased digestive functioning
What are palliatives?
Drugs that relieve symptoms, but do not cure the condition or disease
What are hypoglycemic drugs?
- Treat Type-II diabetes
- Diabeta, Diabenese, Tolinase
What is amenorrhea?
Absense of a menstrual period
What is dysmenorrhea?
Uterine pain during menstration
What is menopause?
Menstration ceases and marks the end of a woman's fertility
What are androgens?
- Male sex hormones
- Development of male sex organs
- Development of secondary male sex characteristics
What is hypogonadism?
When the male gonads don't produce enough hormones
What is testosterone sometimes used for in females?
Treat some types of advanced breast cancer
What is endometriosis?
Endometrial tissue growing someplace other than the uterus lining
What is fibrocystic disease of the breast?
Fibroids located in the tissue of the breast
What is osteoporosis?
Abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile bones, due to lack of calcium
What is recombinant DNA technology?
Combining DNA molecules from two different species to produce new, beneficial genetic combinations