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Think of a lecture as an informative speech. What approach can you take to learn more from the speech?
- 1. Focus on the lecture's thesis
- 2. Listen for the lecture's main points
- 3. Listen for examples, stories, anecdotes, or other illustrative material
- 4. Pay attention to the lecture's conclusion
- 5. Review your notes as soon as the lecture is over
- 6. Provide important feedback
What is an informative speech?
Speeches in which the speaker shares information rather than attempting to sway listeners' attitudes or actions.
5 Types of informative speeches according to focus
- Speeches that focus on:
- 1. objects
- 2. processes
- 3. concepts
- 4. people
- 5. events
Speeches that focus on objects
Something that is visible to the human eye
ex. parts of a flower, mountain scene, corvette
Speeches that focus on processes
Explain the steps in how something is made, works, or is done
Speeches that focus on concepts
Speeches that help your audience understand ideas, especially philosophies, theories, ideologies, principles, or beliefs.
Speeches that focus on people
Speeches that help the audience understand ideas, especially philosophies, theories, ideologies, principles, or beliefs.
Speeches that focus on events
Speeches that discuss particular occurrences either historically or in present time.
Speeches of explanation
Speeches that explain and typically help the audience understand an idea, concept, or process
Speeches of definition
Speeches that focus on helping your audience understand what a concept, process, or event means
Speeches of demonstration
Speeches that concentrate on showing how a process is accomplished
Speeches of description
Speeches that rely on mental pictures created by strategic use of pictorial language and are most likely used with speeches that focus on objects, events, and people
A short presentation in an organizational setting that focuses on a process, event, or person
The chronological pattern organizes ideas according to time
The spatial pattern organizes ideas according to how they are situated in a physical space
The topical pattern uses an interrelated set of subtopics directly related to the speech topic
Two ways of becoming and effective and ethical informative speaker
- Analyze and respond to their audiences
- Employs the public speaking principles to understand the value of informative speaking for college, career, and life
Ways of becoming an effective speaker
- Be clear by clearly expressing your thoughts, crafting a clear informative purpose and employing accessible language
- Be accurate using the most current, correct, and up-to-date information in a speech
- Be relevant by linking your topic to your audience
- Be creative to engage your audience
- Generate Interest Keep your topic interesting and engaging
- Be Ethical by avoiding information overload, underload, information shaping by avoiding slanting information to frame the perspective of your audience about your topic
How does public speaking create and sustain communities? 3 ways
- Immediate Community
- Local Social Community
- The Larger Social Community