Hippocrates (father of medicine) in 400BC moving away from supernatural and assoc mental health with the four bodily fluids
Middle ages back to witchcraft
Islamic countries first to create asylums
How did Benjamin Rush and Dorothea Dix contribute to mental health?
Benjamin rush is the father of american psychiatry and created the first american hospital for the mentally ill in the 1800s in Philadelphia
Dorothea Dix believed mental illness could be cured in the right environment, created the state hospital system and institutionalization which was the largest resource for the mentally ill until the 1960s
How did Freud contribute to mental health?
Psychoanalytic movement of the early 1990s
Psychosis and neurosis caused by psychological trauma
Viewed mental illness as psychological disorder
Psycoanalysis and dream interpretation
How did Linda Richards contribute to mental health and nursing education?
Linda Richards was the first psychiatric nurse in 1873 and started the first school of psychiatric nursing
1946 passed the National mental health act for graduate level nursing education
1955 it was added into undergrad nursing curriculum
Describe the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act
Requires insurance companies to treat mental health on an equal basis with physical illness when policies cover both
Describe the Healthy People 20/20 objectives for mental health
Improve mental health through prevention and ensuring access to appropriate, quality service
Describe the NAMI and New Freedom Commission on Mental Health's social influence on mental health care?
National alliance on mental illness (NAMI) is a consumer education resource
New Freedom commission is a research group making recommendations for mental health delivery
What are some barriers to quality mental health services?
communication barriers (including language)
stigma of mental illness
ethnic variations in pharmacodynamics
What populations are vulnerable to mental illness and inadequate care?
What are some new ways communities can be educated on mental health?
Mental health first aide course
Describe "mental health"
Able to recognize own potential
Cope with normal stress
Make contributions to community
Describe the mental health continuum
Moves from mild to psychosis
Psychophysiogic factors affecting medical conditions fall between mild and moderate
Anxiety disorders, dissociative disorders, somatoform disorders, personality disorders and eating disorders fall between moderate and severe
Depressive disorders, bipolar disorders, schizoprenic disorders, and cognitive disorders fall between severe and psychisis
As a continuum, you can move between any stage
What is the diathesis-stress model?
diathesis is a biological predisposition where stress is from environmental stress or trauma
Together, this is the most accepted explanation for mental illness
What is the DSM V and what are the approaches?
Official guidelines of the APA for diagnosing psychiatric disorders. Outline expected s/s for each disorder