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religious rights are
appeals to authority
Think driving on the left or right
social equilibria and conventional enforcement of social practices
good idea of the people who engage in these practices voluntarily agree to it
think adult woman
the mother thinks what would be best for her daughter.
why is footbinding/genital cutting a social equilibrium
because it is in your best interest because the rest of the population is participating; they would be social outcast.
lets go to the original position behind the veil of ignorance
think of right of passages
if people decent from them they are beaten up or killed
two different thoughts
that practice is wrong
I should beat them up because they are wrong
now it should be
that I don't have to beat them up.
group declaration so that it is no longer a social equilibrium
bottom up social change
it does not come from authorities or the law but the grass
over population would not happen if
we educated woman
the patriartical a society is
the less children there are
less likely to get married
what are the negative side effects of china's coercive policy
human rights elimination socially enforced paternalistic unjust rights
it is too female to fit the notion of human
invisible, they are not seen as human rights (domestic violence)
there are certain things to most to woman and considered not human rights
too female to fit the notion of human
group rights what is the difference?
robust rights are not the sum of the parts. it is the right of the class as a whole. You must be talking about rights that the group has a right to over individuals.
is the ex of students being able to study phil and not be discriminated against a group right?
what is the distinction?
over and above the rights of individuals in a group. think about state rights and federal rights.
they're right of the culture and many others are being violated not just their right to life. you are not just losing the individuals you are learning much more.
how is a hate crime different from genocide and a right not to be killed?
how many sets of group rights are there?
what is the right to self-determinization? and what makes it a group right?
this one is unclear.
what are third generation rights? any robust group rights?
most of the bad group rights will still be tolerable what is the difference between bad and good group rights?
bad group right infringe upon individual rights. restricts basic individual liberties.
good group rights. why are they good.
internal restrictions apply to "bad" group rights and
are almost always unjust. think Indian example
Kymlicka) what does metaphysically immodest liberalism mean?
what is modus vivendi?
an agree meant that both sides have come to even thought they have not agreed
group rights help to stop moral imperialism group rights help with the environment
do you think that roup rights are ne
episteically modest but metaphysically immodest liberalism
Explain how kymlicka's view represents an attempt to articulate an epistemically mdest but metaphysically immodest liberalism.
it is epistemically modest because group rights allow to able to be improved upon and are metaphysically immodest liberalism because they allow groups to make the statement that something is immoral
what are robust group rights?
rights that apply between groups
they aren't just reduced to the individual rights of those involved
is a group right a human right like individual rights?
appeal to religion it is my religion there for it is right
what does discrimination go against
what would justify government intervention?
phil arguments not religious ones.
when you look at it as a group right you are taking yourself out of it.
think right to not be invaded as a group right
group rights outline and make specific rights
example - how the general did something extra wrong that the serial killer did
killed a culture plus a million people
there is also extra motive
effects - economical
think group laws for and against farmers
what are Mackinnin's example of invivible human rights?
maybe the UN should have an all female peacekeeper force.
are not seen as human violations at all
too human to fit the notion of female
think about dead people example does it matter how many were males or female, is something more morally wrong.
Rao - is abstractness of human rights theory a moral problem? intergalactic original position
no, bc you cannot have blindspots
do human rights capture the particular rights violations that have been committed against women?
mill articulated what
that you have the right to do what ever you want as long as it does not hurt anyone, right against paternalism
must must must know paternalistic intervnention.
what is so amazing out the supreme court's judgment of same sex marriage/
there is nothing in the constitution about same sex couples or paternalistic intervention.
rationale of Lawrence V
right against paternalism agreed by consenting adults
what I will be writing explain my argument submit my argument basic reasons. outline topic ultimate goal other key things to include
the purpose of something
a watch - tell time accurately
biological union creates a distinctive human good that we should care about morally.
what are the two ways to object
reject a premise
reject the inference from the premise to the conclusion - they don't have enough to support the conclusion.
hidden or unstated premise
reduction ad absurdam
taking something and leading it to something crazy.
Locks state of nature
others may help you enforce
one sided or unidirectional enforcement
they are considered sided bc some states get to decide who gets prosecuted but can never be prosecuted. Think US vetoing
mayerfield doesn't like this one he favors collective enforcement
three judges must agree to an investigation. Three other judges conduct the investigation
this only happens when the state is unable or unwilling to enforce
why does the us oppose the icc?
how has the icc minimized the chance of rouge judges?
the international state of nature is not an issue for the U.S.
what is so good for the us in the security consel
the ability to veto
suppose someone went into school and kill 20 students
how is that different from a general bombing a city many students would die
the atomic bomb was done
for self-serving reasons - didn't consider the other side of the conversation
add context what is the UNDHR, what if the reader didn't know anything about human rights. why this right is important.
brief contextual information/motivation
right in question
outline of structure
- your specific view
- brief preview of your argument
I have to let them know every step of the magic trick
must write in the first person (talking in my own view ) use I
what are mayerfeld's four alternative for enforcing internation human rights violation?
anarchic, spain passing the law to..... anyone can jump in when there is a lawless situation.
one sided and unidirectional
why is burke opposed to universal human rights
the classical conservative that burke is means you inherit a tradition where every you are and you have a duty to conserve that tradition
using pure reason you can find self evident truths
the wisdom of a government takes years to perfect
rights are too simplistic governments are complex
moral things for him means things that affect human behavior
things that appear good at first could have errors
you need approved experienced models
- when they are applied it will be a disaster
- right is a middle between two extreme Aristotle
computing of moral denominations there has to be judgment not just rules
when you have a stable government people love their government so they comply with law it is not fear that makes a government stable
Burke) why does he oppose individual rights, especially democratic rights?
a qualification of rule is wisdom. does a hairstylist have wisdom
the will of the many and their interest differ, they need someone wise enough to tell them what to do even= paternalistic
is burke a paternalist
Burke) it doesn't matter how many vote if there is not wisdom
Burke) all the American colonists where doing where claiming their rights as Englishmen
Burke) locke says you have rights in the state of nature. Burke says NO
when you enter a civil society you give up all of your rights
if there is a declaration of general will, there are no rights against it. no individual rights, social identity of the general will
Why does marx not endorse individual human rights?
he thinks what is really valuable is Human emancipation -
political mancipation does not create free men- think capitalist society
what is a monad?
a person or thing that cannot interact with anything - he believes egoist monads will be created
what are marx's objections to the four basic rights of man?
He believes that people need to be changed from an egoistic being to a species-being.
the only way out is to eliminate competition or and other things that separate people and make them conflict. example - worker bee
was marks theory paternalistic?
yes, you are all trap by your own identity so you cannot see to change yourself. We must force you to be free Ruso
how could it not of been, don't you see that you are trapped and you need to get out of it those of you agree get with me and we will try to form a society. voluntary
Marx) there would be no individual rights
Think of the individuals that starved from have no rights though
Communism and French revolution have in common?
no individual rights
edit multiple times
recap at the end
outline before and after
MLA, Chicago, apa
remember to cite paraphrasing
site particular articles
just enough to show that we have engaged in the
talk about were positive and negative rights came from first.
the mistake is to think that there is reason involved Hume it is a mistake to think that morality involves truth?plato thought that morality was like geometry the proof paradigm- wrongKant though that rationality could be used to define morality the proof paradigm is a mistake moral statements are not true or falsewhy does he believe that the whole idea that there are moral truths is wrong
he believes that PMJ help to support the principals You do not only have to go from the generalization to the PMJwe can feel from one another to a far greater extent than other animals.hume's version of sympathy is empathy
metaphysical is the nature of reality, epistemology is our understanding -studyi knownledge.
they agreed that you can separate reason and sentiment.
you cannot navigate human social life without emotions Nussbaum.
if you don't have a sense of security it will block your empathy
Rorty) there cannot be anything that we are getting closer to.
Puzzle question) when rorty says the term progress it is not purely descriptive, but evaluative. he is expressing his sentiments. there is no goal or objective.
are moral judgments just expressions of sentiments?
the moral anti-realism, yes, it is an expression of a feeling.
Rorty) all morals are, is expression of emotion
the easiest way for a government to give reason for an action is paternalistic one
look up subjective universality
study question shocking things
things that a future society will be shocked by that isn't thought of as shocking now.
explain it to someone who hasn't taken the course. one sentence and an example is ok
a man's home is his castle they are revolting absolute monarchs then go home and become one.
female genital cutting
womens rights are not equivalent to human rights
criticism of the original position
all the rights are inadequate
there is a conceptual problem
is the public sphere vs the private sphere
they give a special place to the family
rawls does apply to the individuals in the household not just the household
think domestic violence
someone who believes that there is a right against genocide is the right of a robust group right.
good and bad group rights
the tolerable and the intolerable bad group rights
Lee) new natural law
they don't think that that argument is a good won this is a new and improved one.
know the four different what ever collective etc
crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes
he is paternalistic,
candel makers and hairdressers should not be making decisions
the right to vote democratic rights
abstract right objections
using reason alone does not work - a priory
what did believe
that experience / wisdom is required
what does he think is the main issue that this creates
know polical and and true human emancipation - human is the better
he disagrees with moral realists
he is a moral anti realist
what is a moral anti-realist
is morality a waste then?
it is all based sentimate and emotions
what are the primary sentimates
he uses sympathy but I need to explain that it is empathy and there needs to be security to have empathy
what are the most important ideas in the course?
#20 is no longer on the exam!!!