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2015-02-17 21:17:10
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  1. What is Clostidium Difficile
    • When it over grows, it will release toxins that attack intestinal lining
    • causes Clostridium difficile colitis
  2. How can Clostidium Difficile be avoided?
    Through good hygiene
  3. Symptoms of Clostidium Difficile?
    • Watery Diarrhea (15 times a day)
    • severe abdominal pain
    • loss of apetite
    • blood or pus in stool
  4. Who are at risk of Clostidium Difficile
    • patients in hospitals 
    • longterm care facilities
  5. What are Training Devices?
    • devices doctors and nurses use when in training to develop skills
    • Ex. virtual activites
  6. What is information Technology?
    a coordination of all the patients medical records in one place
  7. What is the stethescope used for?
    • for ausculation (listening to internal sounds)
    • to examine the circulatory, repiratory and gastro intestinal system
    • combined with sphygamomanometer
  8. Who and when was the stethescope invented
    • Rene Laennec
    • In 1816
  9. What are the different types of Stethescopes?
    • Acoustic
    • Electronic
    • Fetal
    • Doppler
  10. Describe the Acoustic Stethescope
    • sound travels via an airfilled hollow tube to ears
    • other end made up of plastic disk or hollow cup
    • disk or cup will vibrate causing waves in hollow
  11. Describe the Electronic Stethescope
    amplifies low level sounds
  12. Describe the Fetal stethescope
    • listen to heart of the fetus
    • uses forehead
  13. Who and when invented the Fetal stethescope
    • Adolph Pinnard 
    • 1844-1934
  14. Describe the Doppler Stethescope
    measure doppler effect of ultrasound waves reflected from body.
  15. What is a sphygmomanometer?
    a blood pressure measure
  16. What is the operation of a sphygmomanometer?
    • 1) place cuff around upper arm
    • 2) be in a seated position
    • 3)inflate cuff until artery is blocked
    • 4)slowly release pressure
    • 5)listen to brachial artery
    • 6)listen for expansion and contraction of artery when blood begins to flow through
    • Initial sound is systolic
    • final time is diastolic
  17. What is Systolic Pressure?
    pressure in arteries when the heart contracts
  18. What is diastolic pressure?
    pressure in arteries when the heart relaxes
  19. What is an X-Ray?
    • highly penetrating ionizing radiation
    • used to take pics of  dense tissue (bones,teeth,tumors)
    • dense tissue absorbs radiation
    • radiation passes through body onto radiographic film
  20. How does an X- ray work?
    • cathode and anode in x-ray tube
    • cathode releases energy as electric current
    • anode attract electron
    • causes energy (photons) to be released
    • X-ray beam is only absorbed by dense materials
    • radiographic film is behind it
    • photons reach film and rxn occurs
    • black= photon reach
    • white= photon absorbed
  21. What is an ultrasound?
    uses high frequency sound waves to create images
  22. How does an ultra sound work?
    • sound waves are emitted from a high-frequency probe into patients body
    • either reflected back or taken in by body
    • sound wave is converted into electrical signal
    • strength of sound corresponds to brightness of image on monitor
  23. What does CT scan and CAT scan stand for?
    • Computerized tomography
    • Computerize Axial Tomography
  24. Who and When was CT Scan invented?
    • Godrey Hounfield
    • 1972
  25. What is a CT scan?
    produces a series of x-rays slices of the body
  26. CAT scan operation?
    a patient will lie on a table that moves through an x-ray machine as it rotates around the body.
  27. What is CT scan used to diagnose?
    brain, neck,, spine, chest, abdomen
  28. What does MRI stand for?
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  29. What is an MRI?
    it uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves to form images
  30. What are prosthetics?
    An artificial device that replaces a missing body part
  31. What is an upper extremity prosthese?
    • include should elbow and wrist disarticulation (seperation at joint), full hand, partial hand, finger partial finger
    • Transhumeral or transradial
  32. What is Transhumeral Prosthesis?
    (AE) above elbow
  33. What is Transradial Prosthesis?
    (BE) Below elbow
  34. What is Lower extremity prosthese?
    transfemoral prosthesis, knee disarticulation, transtibial prosthesis, symes disarticulation.
  35. What is a transfemoral prosthesis?
    • Above the knee
    • use more energy to walk
  36. What is knee disarticulation? And advantages / disadvantages
    • done between bone surface
    • advantages:
    • limb can tolerate heavy weight
    • retain full length femur 
    • increase stability
    • disadvantages:
    • knee extends beyond actual knee
  37. What is a transtibial Prosthesis?
    Below the knee
  38. What is symes disarticulation?
    • through ankle
    • can have weight on remaining part of foot
  39. Different types of prosthetic limbs?
    • Cable operated 
    • Myoelectric operated
  40. Explain cable operated prosthetic limbs
    attach harness or cable around opposite shoulder of damaged arm
  41. Explain Myoelectric limbs
    uses electrodes to sense when muscles in remaining portion move
  42. What are the 3 prosthetic components?
    • Interface 
    • components
    • cover
  43. Explain prosthetic component: interface
    where body attaches to the prosthesis
  44. Explain prosthetic component: Components
    the working part of the prosthesis
  45. Explain prosthetic component: cover
    assist with covering prosthetic to make it match skin