1. Meaning is more important than materialism. No longer can archaeologists interpret the past in terms of purely ecological, technological, and other material considerations. Culture is interactive. In other words, people are actors who create, manipulate, and remake the world they live in.
2. Archaeologists must critically examine their social responsibilities, looking beyond their specialties to the broader aims of the discipline and to issues of moral and emotional involvement with the past in modern society. How does the public interact with the past?
3. There are many perspectives on ancient society that have been neglected, among them those of women, ethnic minorities, and anonymous, often illiterate commoners—often called "people without history." In other words, the past has many voices, not just one (Hodder, 1999).
who made these important contributions?