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What % of the body is involved in a burn that covers one arm and the head of an adult?
The good samaritan law explicity allows medical assistants?
A To administer first aid within the scope of their competence
B To call EMS system and stay with the victim until EMS personnel arrive
C To act freely in an emergency situation to save the victims life
D To diagnose the patient at the scene of an accident or emergency
E Only to call EMS system and wait for authorized personnel but not to touch or communicate with an accident victum.
In emergency childbirth, at what point should the umbilical cord be tied and cut?
A When the infant is fully out
B Within 10 mins of birth
C When the infant starts breathing
D When the mother and baby get to the hospital
E When the baby is ready to nurse
To treat frostbite, a medical assistant can
A Masssage the affected area gently
B Rub the affected area with a warmed towel
C Keep the patients head and shoulders slightly elevated
D Wash the area with soap and water
E Place warm clothing and blankets around the affected area
Which of the following are symptoms of heat-stroke?
A Body tingles, and the patient feels pain
B There is a white, waxy, or grayish build up on the skin, and the patient has a high body temp
C The skin feels moist and hot, and the patient feels dizzy with altered mental state
D The pulse is rapid, the skin is hot and dry and the patient feels weak.
E The patient has a strange metallic taste in his or her mouth and feels hot
When treating a second degree burn a medical assistant should
A Break blisters to relieve the patients pain
B Immerse the burned area in cold water
C Remove charred or adhered clothing
D Apply medical ointments to the affected area
E Apply a wet, steril dressing
When Bill Williams scraped his skin, he most likely got a
Irreversible brain damage can be caused by tissue anoxia lasting
A More than 2 minutes
B More than 3 minutes
C More than 6 minutes
D More than 45 minutes
E More than 3 hours
Which of the following is a correct way to treat a snakebite?
A Administer activated charcoal
B Walk the patient to a hospital
C Suction the wound and apply ice
D Immobilize the bitten area and wash it with soap and water
E Cut out the affected area
If a patient is bleeding from the lower arm and direct pressure and elevation do not srop the bleeding, where should pressure be applied?
A Radial-ulnar artery
B Brachial artery
C Subclavian artery
D Carotid artery
E Phrenic artery
One possible cause of stroke is
A Occlusion in the brain by a thrombus
B Decreased cerebral blood flow
C Ingested poisons
White, waxy, or grayish yellow skin that also feels crusty and softness in tissue beneath the skin could indicate
WHich of the following is a possible treatment of syncope:
A Having the patient lower his or her head between the legs
B Laying the patient flat on the patient's back with the feet slightly elevated
C Loosening tight clothing and applying a cold cloth to the patient's face
D Both B and C
E All of the above
The Heimlich maneuver is used for which of the following?
Anaphylactic shock occurs following
B Allergic reaction
C Toxemia of pregnancy
D Cardiac arrest
E None of the above
Which of the following should not be done by a patient with a concussion?
B Take aspirin
C Take acetaminophen
E Gradually resume normal activities
The most severe and major complication for burn victims is
D Malignant fever
E Both B and C
Which of the following should not be done when a patient complains of abdominal pain?
A Have the patient lie on the back
B Apply heat to the patients abdomen
C Have the patient flex the knees
D Monitor the patient's pulse
E Check for sugns of shock
Closed wound are called
A Bruises or contusions
E None of the above
When administering CPR, how many compressions should you do?
A 15 in 1 minute
B 20 in 1 minute
C 25 in 2 minute
D 60 in 1 minute
E 30 in 2 minutes
According to Good Samaritan laws,
A Emergency care is required of all medical personnel in all situations
B Emergency care is permitted only with the verbal consent of the patient
C Emergency care is permitted when it is withing the scope of competence of the person
D Possible negligence is never a factor in providing emergency care
E Both B and D
Chest pain might indicate
A Cocaine use
B Myocardial infarction
D Both B and C
E Both A and B
When you suspect neck injury, what action should you take to open the patient's airway before administering rescue breathing?
A Place your mouth over the patien's nose and blow air into it until the patient's chest rises
B Put your fingers behind the jawbone just below the ear and push the jaw forward
C Wait for EMS personnel, and do not administer rescue breathing
D Hold the patients ebnck rigidly while you lift the patients chin up and push back on the forhead
E Open an airway in the aptients neck with a sterile instrument
Treat hypoglycemia by
A Administering glucose
B Giving the patient plain orange juice
C Loosening the aptients restrictive clothing and elevating the patients head
D Administering immunization as soon as possible
E None of the above
What is the best location to check the pulse of a 48-year old male who is unconscious and not breathing?
A At the radial artery of the wrist
B At the brachial artery of the arm
C At the carotid artery of the neck
D On the chest, directly over the heart
E At the temples of the head
An adult is in sudden cardiac arrest. Which of the follwoing gives the victim the best chance of survival?
A CPR performed by EMS personnel immediately upon arrival at the victims side
B Immediate CPR and defibrillation within no more than 3 to 5 minutes
C Defribillation in 10 minutes with or without CPR
D Immediate CPR with defibrillation in 10 minutes
E Injection of adrenaline followed by CPR
WHich of the following describes the best way to deliver rescue breaths with a pocket mask, but without additional oxygen?
A Reduce the volume and duration of breaths form the volume and duration you wold provide with mouth-to-mouth ventilation
B Provide approdimately the same volume as you would with mouth-to-mouth ventilation (with a colume sufficient to make the chest rise), and deliver the breaths over 2 seconds
C Increase your air volume and duration fo breaths
D Give 3 breaths between series of compressions
E Give 10 breaths between series of compressions
You are babysitting your infant nephew. You are alone and find the infant unresponsive. WHich of the following is the best action?
A Check for signs fo circulation, and if there are none, phone 911
B Phone 911 immediately to ensure that advanced life support is on the way and then return to the infant to begin the ABCs of CPR
C Give 2 rescue breaths; if there is no response to the rescue breaths, then phone 911
D Begin the ABCs of CPR and then phone 911 after 1 minute of rescue support
E Check for signs of circulation, give 2 rescue breaths, thenm phone 911
A 26-year-old woman has swallowed an overdose of prescribed sleeping pills. She is now unresponsive. When you open her airway, you find that she is gasping for breath and is not breathing normally at all. Using a pocket mask, you provide 2 rescue breaths and check for signs of circulation, including her pulse, which is rapid but weak. What should you do next?
A Provide rescue breathing at a rate of one breath every 5 seconds
B Begin chest compressions because her pulse is weak
C Place the victim in the recovery position
D Perform CPR for 1 minute with chest compressions only
E Give two more rescue breaths, place the victim in the recovery position, then perform CPR for 2 minutes
Which of the following statemtents best describes the problems that are most commonly present in children or infants whose condition deteriorates to cardiac arrest?
A Most cardiac arrests in children are sudden and are caused by an inherited form of heart disease
B Most cardiac arrests in children are preceded by severe airway and breathing problems. or shock
C Most cardiac arrests in infants and children are caused by electric shock form appliances
D Most cardiac arrests in infants and children are caused by severe head injuries
E Most cardiac arrests in children develop very slowly over time, usually due to toxins in the environment
You are providing rescue breathing to an unresponsive, nonbreathing child who shows signs of circulation. How often should you provide rescue breaths for this child?
A Once every 3 seconds (20 breaths per minute)
B Once every 4 seconds (15 breaths per minute)
C Once every 5 seconds (12 breaths per minute)
D Once every 10 seconds (6 breaths per minute)
E Once every 12 seconds (5 breaths per minute)
You are alone, providing CPR for a 3-year-old child. Which fo the following describes the correct technique you should follow in performing chest conmpressions on this child?
A Use both hands, one on top of the other
B Use the heel of one hand
C Use the tips of two fingers
D Use the palm and fingers of one hand
E Use the tips of three fingers
Which of the following is the correct ratio of compressions to ventialtions for child or infant CPR?
A 10 to 2
B 12 to 2
C 5 to 1
D 15 to 2
E 10 to 1