Physio Chapter 2

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Physio Chapter 2
2015-03-01 03:08:49
Physio chem review
Exam 1
Lecture notes
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  1. What are the 3 main types of monosaccharides?
    • glucose
    • fructose
    • lactose
  2. What are the 3 main types of disaccharides?
    • Sucrose (glu + fruct)
    • Lactose (glu + galactose)
    • Maltose (glu + glu)
  3. What type of carbohydrate is starch and glycogen?
  4. T or F: Saturated fats have double bonds, don't pack up well, and tend to be liquid
    False: Saturated fats are fully saturated with Hydrogen and don't have double bonds
  5. Steroid hormones are derived from what?
  6. Cholesterol a type of what and what is it integral to?
    Lipid: integral to cell membranes.
  7. What does ATP break apart into when used? What is this process called? What is the process opposite to this called?
    • ADP + P + energy: Exergonic reaction
    • Endergonic: requires energy
  8. What is negative feedback?
    response occurs that opposes change in some variable
  9. What is positive feedback?
    rersponse intensifies change
  10. What is feedforward?
    anticipating change
  11. What is an anion? cation?
    • Anion: a charged ion with a negative charge
    • Cation: a charged ion with a positive charge
  12. This kind of bond is an equal sharing of electrons
  13. What is a true solution?
    when solutes never settle out - does not scatter light; clear
  14. What is a colloid?
    solute never settles but does scatter light
  15. What is a suspension?
    solute does eventually settle