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What percentage of the body is involved in a burn that covers one arm and the head of the adult?
The Good Samaritan law explicitly allows medical assistants
A to administer first aid within the scope of their competence
B to call the EMS system and stay with the victim until EMS personnel arrive
C to act freely in an emergency situation to save the victim's life
D to diagnose the patient at the scene of the accident or emergency
E only to call the EMS system and wait for authorized personnel but not to touch or communicate with an accident victim.
In emergency childbirth, at what point should the umbilical cord be tied and cut?
A when the infant if fully out
B within 10 minutes of birth
C when the infant starts breathing
D when the nother and baby get to the hospital
E when the baby is ready to nurse
To treat frostbite, a medical assistant can
A massage the affected area gently
B Rub the affected ares with a warmed towel
C Keep the patient's head and shoulder slightly elevated
D Wash the area with soap and water
E Place warm clothing and balnkets around the affected area
Which of the following are symptoms of heatstroke?
A the body tingles, and the patient feels pain
B There ia a white, waxy, or grayish yellow buildup on the skin, and the patient has a high body temperature
C the skin feels moist and hot, and the patient feels, dizzy, with a possibly altered mental state
D the pulse is rapid, the skin is hot and dry, and the patient feels weak
E The patient has a strange metallic taste in his or her mouth and feels hot.
When treating a second degree burn, a medical assistant should
A break blisters to relieve the patient's pain
B Immerse the burned area in cold water
C Remove charred and adhered clothing
D Apply medical ointments to the affected area
E Apply wet, sterile dressing
When Bill Williams scraped his skin, he most likely got a
Irreversible brain damage can be caused by tissue anoxia lasting
A More than 2 minutes
B More than 3 minutes
C More than 6 minutes
D More than 45 minutes
E More than 3 minutes
Which of the following is a correct way to treat a snake bite?
A Administer activated charcoal
B Walk the patient to a hospital
C Suction the wound and apply ice
D Immobilize the bitten area and wash it with soap and water
E Cut out the affected area
IF a patient is bleeding from the lower arm and direct pressureand elevation do not stop the bleeding, where should pressure be applied?
A Radial-ulnar artery
B Brachial artery
C Subclavian artery
D Carotid artery
E Phrenic artery
One possible cause of a stroke is
A occulsion in the brain by a thrombus
B decreased cerebal blood flow
C ingested poisons
White, waxy, or grayish yellow skin that also feels crusty and softness in tissue beneath the skin should indicate
Which of the following is a possible treatment of syncope?
A Having the patient lower his or her head between their legs
B Laying the patient flat on the patients back with the feet slightly elevated
C Loosening tight clothing and applying a cold cloth to the patients face
D Both B and C
E All of the above
The Heimlich manuever is used for which of the following?
Anaphylactic Shock occurs following
B Allergic reaction
C Toxemia of pregnancy
D Cardiac arrest
E All of the above
Which of the following should not be done by a patient with a contussion?
B Take aspirin
C Take acetaminophen
E Gradually resume normal activities
The most severe and major complication for burn victims is
D Malignant fever
E Both B and C
Which of the following should not be done when a patient complains of abdominal pain?
A Have the patient lie on the back
B Apply heat to the patient's abdomen
C Have the patient flex the knees
D Monitor the patient's pulse
E Check for signs of shock
Closed wounds are called
A Bruises or contusions
E None of the above
When administering CPR, how many compressions should you do?
A 15 in 1 minute
B 20 in 1 minute
C 25 in 1 minute
D 60 in 1 minute
E 30 in 2 minutes
According to Good Samaritan Law
A Emergency care is required of all medical personnel in all situations
B Emergency care is permitted only with the verbal consent of the patient
C Emergency care is permitted when it is within the scope of competence of the person
D Possible negligence is never a factor in providing emergency care
E Both B and D
Chest pain might indicate
A Cocaine use
B Myocardial Infarction
D Both B and C
E Both A and B
When you suspect neck injury, what action should you take to open the patient's airway before administering rescue breathing?
A Place your mouth over the patient's nose and blow air into it until the patients chest rises
B Put your finger behind the jawbone just below the ear and push the jaw forward
C Wait for EMS personnel, and do not administer rescue breathing
D Hold the patient's neck rigidly while you lift the patient's chin up and push back on the forehead
E Open an airway in he patient's neck with a sterile instrument
Treat hypoglycemia by
A Administer glucose
B Giving the patient plain orange juice
C Loosening the patient's restrictive clothing and elevating the patient's head
D Administering immunization as soon as possible
E None of the above
What is the best location to check the pulse of a 48 year old male who is unconscious and not breathing?
A At the radial artery of the wrist
B At the brachial artery of the arm
C At the carotid artery of the neck
D On the chest, directly over the heart
E At the temples of the head
An adult is in sudden cardiac arrest. Which of the following gives the victim the best chance of survival?
A CPR performed by EMS personnel immediately upon arrival at the victim's side
B Immediate CPR and defribrillation within no more than 3 to 5 minutes
C Defribrillation in 10 minutes with or without CPR
D Immediate CPR with defribrillation in 10 minutes
E Injection of adrenaline followed by CPR