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Which bones form the appendicular skeleton?
Upper & Lower limbs
Which structure attaches the upper limbs to the thorax? ___ or __ girdle
Pectoral or hip
Which bones form pectoral or shoulder girdle?
Clavcle and scapula
Which structure attaches the lower limbs to the scarum?__or __girdle
pelvic or hip
Which bones form pelvic or hip girdle?
The S-shaped__, also called ___connects the__with the___.
The flattened outer or lateral end is called the__end because it articulates with the ___ in the ___ joint.
The inner or medial cone-shaped end articulates with the ___ of the sternum and is thus called the__ end.
The scapula or ___ is much more complex bone.
The capula or shoulder blade is located on the ___ surface of the rib cage, between ribs__ and ___.
The scapula or shoulder blade basically it's a flat, __ bone with__ borders and __ angles and__ large fossae.
The most striking feature are the prominent___, which end laterally in an enlarged projection called ___ ("point of the shoulder")
, The beak-like _, which arises from the lateral end of the superior border,
Which forms part of the __ joint together with the___ of the __.
The upper limb consists of three parts:___,___,and ___, and ___bones overall.
The ___ is the sole bone of the arm.
Humerus upper or ___ end forms the rounded, smooth___, which articulates with the ___ of the ___to form the shoulder joint.
- glenoid cavity
Just inferior to it are the ___ and ___ , which are attachment sites for muscles.
Midway down its shaft is the V-shaped ___, which is the attachment site for the ___ muscle.
- deltoid tuberosity
The lower or__ end has two__.
The medial__ has an hour -glass shape, the lateral one is ball shaped and is called ___.
Each of them carries a little raised attachment areas for muscles called___ and ____ __.
- lateral epicondyles
On the anterior aspect of the proximal part there are two fossae, a shallow __ fossa and a deeper__ fossa.
On the posterior aspect is the __ fossa for the ___ process of the___.
The forearm has two bones: The ___on the lateral side and the___on the medial side. The thin proximal of the radius is called ___; it articulates with the ___ of the humerus and the ___ ___of the ulna.
- radial notch
Just below the head is a rough patch called ___ ___for attchment of the ___ ___muscle.
- radial tuberosity
- biceps brachii
The distal, expanded end of the radius is part of the ___ joint.
The ___ notch on its medial side articulates with the ulna in the ___ joint, whereas the ____ process on the lateral side acts as anchoring side for wrist ____.
The __form the major part of the ___ joint.
Its thick, proximal end carries the ___and ___ process that are separated by a deep concavity called __ __, which is perfectly shaped to articulate with the ___ of the humerus.
- Trochlear notch
The distal end of the ulna is smaller and ends in a lateral ___ and a medial ___ ___.
The skeleton of the hand consist of __ bones, eight ___ bones in the ___ , fives __ bones in the ___, and fourteen ___ in the ___.
Name the eight carpal bones starting with the proximal row:
There are five long __ bones and __ smaller ___ for the fingers of each hand.
Each finger or ___ has three bones called ___, __, and ___ phalange.
The exception is the ___ finger, which is usually called __ or___; it has __ phalanges only as the __ phalange is missing.
- thumb or pollex
Two__ bones form the bony ___ together with the ___and the ___.
Each hip__bone consits of three fused bones: ___, ___, and ___.
At the center of the hip, where bones fuse is a deep fossa called ___, which accommodates the head of the ___ to form the __ joint.
The ___ forms the upper part of the hip bone.
It has a body that connects with the two parts of the hip bone and an upper wing-like portion called___with a thickened superior margin, the so- called ____ ___.
The posterior ear-shaped ___ __articulates with the __ in the ___ joint.
- auricular surface
The ___ forms the posteroinferior part of the hip bone.
It has two parts, athicker, superior part called the __, and a thinner inferior __ that connects with pubis.
The lower, thickened surface of the body is the part we're sitting on; it's called ___ ___.
The pubis or __ __forms the __ portion of the hip bone. It is V-shaped with and ___ and a ___ramus and a medial __. The two bodies form the __ ___in the midline of the pelvis.
- pubic bone
- public symphysis
The pelvis is subdivided into a ___ or __ pelvis, which is located below the ___ __, and a __ or ___ above it.
- true or lesser
- pelvic brim
- false or greater
In women the true pelvis is___, ___, and has a greater ___.
The lower limb has three regions, __, __, and__, with a total of ___ bones.