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Fourth Lateran - What did it degree?
- Theologians give precision to the sacrament
- 1215 - All Catholics must confess all serious sin
- Private confession - decreed official form
- Penitential Book
Council of Trent - What did it degree?
- Mortal sin - must tell kind & number of sins
- Confession is a Divine institution - it comes from God
- Bishops & Priests have power to forgive sins
- said Penance is a sacrament
- Perfect contrition - sins forgiven
- Imperfect contrition motivated by seriousness, number, and disgracefulness - *heaven lost and you are damned eternally - later removed bc God forgives all sins
Vatican Council II - What did it do?
- Changes in form - changed form of confession
- Confessor - face to face w/ priest
- Discernment - trying o figure out what you do & why you do it
- Reconciliation - forgiveness
- Examination of conscience - how have we responded to God's gifts of life
Sacraments that took away sin in the early church
- Baptism (adults)
- Eucharist [forgiveness]
Mortal sins in early church
denial of Jesus Christ by a baptized Christian
What is the Order of Penitents
- Public Penance - can last for weeks, days
- 6th century - Irish Monks - private confessions & absolution
Why are teenagers unskilled at taking responsibility for their actions?
- Bc they have spent so much of their lives being told what to do
- we all have faults - we intentionally or accidentally harm others
- Accepting guilt is the first step toward becoming free and responsible persons
- meant to be a celebration of the experience of forgiveness already present in our lives
- it is the final step in the healing process
Who developed "matter & form" of sacraments?